IPM Institute of North America - Washington State University

IPM Institute of North America - Washington State University

Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics The BUSINESS CASE for IPM in Schools or How IPM Can Make Money for Your School District Thomas A. Green, Ph.D. President, IPM Institute of North America Washington Coalition Meeting Federal Way, WA April 30, 2015 2014 Whole Foods Market Supplier of the Year Award for Outstanding Quality Assurance 2012, 2009 US EPA Sustained Excellence in IPM Award 2009, 2008, 2005, 2004 National Champion, US EPA Pesticide Environmental Stewardship Program Leveraging marketplace power to improve

health, environment and economics Check Strip BMP Strips Eighth International IPM Symposium March 2015, Salt Lake City www.ipminstitute.org Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics 2 Market Drivers Customers choosing green 100

Pesticides a top concern of 60%! 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Source: http://www.contextmarketing.com/sources/feb28-2010/cm-ethicalfood-cover.pdf

Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics 3 Urban/Community Environments? Green building accounted for 20% of all new US commercial construction in 2013. - National Mortgage Professional Magazine, Oct. 30, 2014. We need to be prepared for a future where the expectation is green! Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics BUSINESS CASE?

Fewer staff and student absences Better student performance Fewer pests, fewer costly complaints Greater staff satisfaction Lower liability Food safety

Fire safety Energy, water conservation Better buildings Direct pest management costs Indirect costs Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics A Look at the BIG Picture Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics IPM is a Continuum! I do IPM! Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics

I do more IPM! Im the real IPM baby! Ultimate IPM Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics BUSINESS CASE? Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics COMMON PESTS FOR SCHOOLS

head lice bees/wasps rodents ants flies cockroaches mosquitoes termites birds weeds

Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics IPM AND ASTHMA Asthma is the number one cause of school absences More than 12.8 million school days lost every year! Affects 6% of school children nationally. Up to 28% in urban centers. Treating children costs $3.2 billion per year! Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics IPM AND ASTHMA

Asthma symptoms can result from and be triggered by exposure to cockroaches, rodents, dust mites, cleaning products, aerosols including pesticides. Mouse allergen levels higher in schools than in homes; students in classrooms with higher mouse allergens were absent more. - Sheehan et al. 2009. Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol. Cockroach allergen levels in school highly significantly correlated with student asthma prevalence. - Amr et al. 2003. Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.

Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics ASTHMA ALLERGENS? What school nurses believe Dust 78.4% Mold 61.0% Cleaners 34.1% School supplies 28% Bus fumes 26.3% Construction 23.7% Pets19.7% Paint 12.6% Latex 4.3% Drinking water 1.9%

Other 17.7% Allergens researchers found in Boston schools Mouse high Cat moderate Dog low Dust mite zero Cockroach zero - Sheehan et al. 2009. Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol. Review of studies of settled dust in schools showed many report at least one location where concentrations of cat, dog, dust mite and cockroach allergens exceeded risk levels.

- Klelb et al. 2007. J. School Nursing Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics - Tranter. 2005. Clin. Exp. Allergy Attendance => Performance! student attendance is a statistically significant predictor of performance on standardized tests. - Musser. 2011. Taking Attendance Seriously: How School Absences Undermine Student and School Performance in NYC. Long-term impacts! Chronic absence in kindergarten strongly associated with lower reading and math performance in fifth grade for poor children - Chang and Romero. 2008. Present, Engaged and Accounted Ffor: The Critical Importance of Addressing Chronic Absences in the Early

Grades. Attendance = $$ lost from budgets % of enrolled students who attend school each day is often used for allocating funding. Los Angeles Unified estimated loss of $32/day (2011). May only apply to unexcused absences. Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics BUSINESS CASE? Fewer staff and student absences Better student performance Fewer pests, fewer costly pest complaints Greater staff satisfaction Lower liability Food safety Fire safety Energy, water conservation Better buildings

Direct pest management costs Indirect costs Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics IPM REDUCES PEST COMPLAINTS! School systems: 90% reduction in pesticide use; 85% reduction in pest complaints. Costs: no more than conventional Gouge et al. 2006. Amer. Entomol. Public buildings: 93% reduction in pesticide use; 89% reduction in pest complaints; 55 buildings over 11 years. Greene and Breisch. 2002. J. Econ. Entomol.

Effective door sweeps alone can cut pest complaints by 65%. Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics How? Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics An Ounce of Prevention No roosting site here Bird Heaven! The school on the right spent $10,000 Ishortly after construction do more

IPM! I do IPM! on bird netting. Netting was ineffective due to corrugations in the metal roofing. Birds were using the netting to support nests! Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics An Ounce of Prevention I do IPM! Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics I do more IPM! An Ounce of Prevention I do IPM!

I do more IPM! http://www.sfenvironment.org/download/pest-prevention-by-design-guidelines Google Pest Prevention By Design Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Pennywise Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics ADDRESSING WHY PESTS ARE PRESENT Effective door sweeps alone can cut pest complaints by 65%.

- Pests, dirt, , staff satisfaction, fire safety, energy conservation, food safety Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics How much does each pest complaint cost you? Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Stop work, log complaint.

Receive complaint. Evaluate complaint. Take action. Log action, close report. Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Wouldnt you like to cut those costs by 90%? Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics HAPPY STAFF? Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics

HAPPY STAFF? Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics BUSINESS CASE?

Fewer staff and student absences Better student performance Fewer pests, fewer costly pest complaints Greater staff satisfaction Lower liability Food safety Fire safety Energy, water conservation Better buildings Direct pest management costs Indirect costs Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Liability 38% of first 29 IPM STAR-evaluated schools were out of compliance with

own policy or legal requirements for applicator qualifications, posting, MSDS/labels, etc. 38% had unmanaged pest problems Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Liability 21% of the first 29 IPM STARevaluated schools had outdated/ unregistered pesticides on the shelf. Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Liability Rodents: transmit Hantavirus, typhus, SARS; trigger

asthma attacks. Birds: carry viruses and other diseases. Airborne droppings can cause histoplasmosis. Flies: Feed on feces, garbage in one minute, and on food the next. Flies carry staph, E. coli and Salmonella. Cockroaches: cause asthma and trigger attacks. They carry germs that can cause pneumonia, diarrhea and food poisoning. Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics BUSINESS CASE?

Fewer staff and student absences Better student performance Fewer pests, fewer costly pest complaints Greater staff satisfaction Lower liability Food safety Fire safety Energy, water conservation Better buildings Direct pest management costs

Indirect costs Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Properly clean and maintain floor drains = Improved fly control and food safety! Clean trash handling areas. Decaying organic matter = flies in as little as two days! Beautiful commercial kitchen include excellent features including equipment on wheels, and good floor clearance for cleaning and inspection. Floor drains are generally easily accessible and fitted with plastic strainers for easy access. Great access to typically hard-to-reach areas for cleaning and inspection.

BUSINESS CASE? Fewer staff and student absences Better student performance Fewer pests, fewer costly pest complaints Greater staff satisfaction

Lower liability Food safety Fire safety Energy, water conservation Better buildings Direct pest management costs Indirect costs Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics 20-25% of electrical fires? FIRE SAFETY? ENERGY CONSERVATION? Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics WATER CONSERVATION?

Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics BETTER BUILDINGS? Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics BUSINESS CASE?

Fewer staff and student absences Better student performance Fewer pests, fewer costly pest complaints Greater staff satisfaction Lower liability Food safety Fire safety Energy, water conservation Better buildings Direct pest management costs Indirect costs Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Direct Costs? 1. Complaint processing 2. In-house staff salaries

3. In-house materials costs Traps Pesticides: Insecticides, herbicides, adjuvants, fungicides 4. Contractor costs Structural, landscape pest management Retainer Add ons

5. Repairs? No 6. Cleaning? No 7. Aeration, overseeding? No, Maybe Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics IPM REDUCES PESTICIDE USE! School systems: 90% reduction in pesticide use; 85% reduction in pest complaints. Costs: no more than conventional Gouge et al. 2006. Amer. Entomol. Public buildings: 93% reduction in pesticide use; 89% reduction in pest complaints; 55 buildings over 11 years. Greene and Breisch. 2002. J. Econ. Entomol.

Effective door sweeps alone can cut pest complaints by 65%. Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics To Cut Costs It Takes a Team! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Facility Manager/IPM Coordinator Maintenance Staff

Administrative Staff Teacher Food Service Staff Custodial Staff Landscape and Grounds Staff (~55% of districts contract out at least some) 8. School Nurse 9. Technician/PMP (~80%) Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics IPM Coordinator Implements IPM policy. Maintain IPM plan, i.e., these are the pests we can expect, this is what we do to prevent/respond to problems for each key pest. Oversees contractors.

Facility manager? Model plan: schoolipm2015.org Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Cost-effective Management Is PEOPLE management! Everyone has role to play. Do what youre already doing, just think pests! Maintenance, cleaning professionals School health professionals Food service professionals Teachers, administrators, parents, students. One motivated person can make a HUGE difference. And has! YOU can be a CHAMPION for your school district! Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics

REMEMBER THIS GUY? Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Visit StopSchoolPests.org! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Online IPM training resources in development

for nine key groups: Introduction to IPM (All hands) Facility Manager Maintenance Staff Administrative Staff Teacher Food Service Staff Custodial Staff Landscape and Grounds Staff School Nurse Technician/PMP Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Must haves Legal compliance

Applicator licensing, state certification Employee right to know, MSDS/labels Posting/notification Safety Proper PPE, spill kits Organized, secure, ventilated pesticide storage Emergency response plan Professionalism In business three years Written protocol, written training plan IPM

Site inspection, evaluation, testing, recommendations Least-toxic chemical controls if reasonable non-chemical measures are not adequate (natural and synthetic) Specific criteria for least toxic, reduced exposure Scored elements: meet minimum score Advanced, experimental, variable practices Not a must for a good green service E.g., offering cleaning, maintenance services. Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Common deficiencies corrected Regular applications of spray-applied insecticides, typically for cockroaches and/or ants.

Routine maintenance of rodenticides in tamperresistant bait stations, maybe some tracking powder. No pest problems reported/observed noted on invoice, but pesticide applications made anyway. No training beyond licensed applicator requirements. Generally cockroaches, mice, drain flies present, lots of conducive conditions. Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics People, training, tools How much does it cost our industry to pay technicians to rebait escutcheons? Seal them once and be done with it!

Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Results! Green Shield Certification made us aware of areas in our green approach which required more attention. We became more aware, more enthusiastic, more focused, and more committed to green overall. - Lynn Frank, B.C.E. & Technical Director, Suburban Exterminating, Smithtown, NY The certification process helped us improve our IPM services and organization, and we are now more efficient and consistent in our approach to providing effective, prevention-based pest control. We're also better able to communicate that approach to our customers. - Rita Bonamo, President, Black Widow Termite & Pest Control, Valley Stream, NY Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics

Rated Meaningful by CU Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics BUSINESS CASE? Fewer staff and student absences

Better student performance Fewer pests, fewer costly pest complaints Greater staff satisfaction Lower liability Food safety Fire safety Energy, water conservation Better buildings Pest management contract costs Indirect costs Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Indirect costs? Whats a squirrel worth? Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics

Indirect costs? Aquatic organisms? From 2002-2011, pesticides above levels of concern for aquatics in 90% of URBAN monitoring sites, up from 53% in the prior decade. Fipronil was the most frequently found, followed by dichlorvos. Samples above levels of concern for human health way down in second decade. During the first decade, chorpyrifos and diazinon declined, with pyrethroids increasing. Changes in pesticides found driven by regulation and new products.

Stone, Gilliom and Ryberg. 2014 Pesticides in U.S. Streams and Rivers: Occurrence and Trends during 1992 2011. Environ. Sci. Technol. 48(19):1102511030. Not the whole story: Neonicotinoids, fungicides not included. Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics Indirect costs? - Pollinators? ~$29 billion! - Read pesticide labels for new and pre-existing cautions. Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics

Progress towards IPM in all of our schools! 25 20 Number of States AZ CO AZ CT CA FL CO IA CT LA FL ME MI IA NC IL NE ME

NJ MN NM NC NY NE OH IA NH IN NJ TX NY UT OH VA PA VT IN WA TN w te a St

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n RI g NE RI gle pe /imAL ea e l n SC h i SC d OR AR

n ac AR TX ltip ,s SD u reIN HI AL gi m SD t a n AZ MD DE UT i

m gr WV VT ou rk t, l o r o WA IL IA ME MO ID ID r

WY a o p w WV oc e l s IN MA eff NJ NH IN l MO

id o d WY ND nt o w e MI PA ate VY NM MS NH h d

c te NM n n S a i WV NV NV NV WA OK d St pe RI OR

e or d In Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics AL CA FL GA KS LA er h NC ot

/ e nNY No MN ND OH AK OK DC SC AK DE SD GA GA IN KS KS TX MN KY WI MS VA WI WI 2008

2012 2014 Closing thoughts Think Big! As in BHAG: Big Hairy Audacious Goals Remember, they wont be reading your resume at your funeral. - Rich Kozlovich, Pest Management Inc., Cleveland, OH Join Us! Contact: [email protected] Google: Business Case for IPM in Schools Harnessing Marketplace Power to Improve Health, Environment and Economics

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