Ipswich Public Schools: Implementing the Common Core Institute

Ipswich Public Schools: Implementing the Common Core Institute

WELCOME to Teaching NonFiction: Increasing Comprehension and Improving Writing PLEASE FEEL FREE TO LOOK AT THE TEXTS AROUND THE ROOM. DO NOT STEAL THEM, PLEASE! Teaching Non-Fiction: Increasing Comprehension and Improving Writing Abbey Dick New England Association of Teachers of English November 3, 2012

1145 to 100 Goals for Today Make the case for more informational texts in the ELA classroom (even pre-Common Core) Where to find it. What to do with it. How more informational text leads to better reading AND writing Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

3 AP Language and Composition Summer Reading: Malcolm X, An American Childhood, Fast Food Nation, Writers on Writing In class: Nickel and Dimed, The Bedford Reader, Strunk and White, Sicko, In Cold Blood Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 4

Informational Text in Assessments Right Now MCASat least 50% AP50% (AP Language11th grade) SAT90% SAT Subject Tests95% AccuPlacer100% PARCC Sample Itemsabout 50% NECAP11th grade is 50% Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 5 The New Lingo

In the past fiction and non-fiction NOW narrative and informational text Also, ELA teachers may use literary non-fiction in addition to informational text Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 6 Literary/Creative NonFiction

In Cold Blood EB Whites Once More to the Lake I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings The Things They Carried Less information, more description Memoir Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 7 The Common Core Reading

Shift 8 Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education The Common Core Writing Shift 9 Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Changes in a Students Day: OLD Class Amoun

t of Readin g Sci Phys. SS Ed. Math Stud y ELA

10% of total 90% of total all NF 80% F Span

. 10% NF 10 Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Changes in a Students Day: NEW Class Sci Phys. SS

Ed. Math Stud y Amoun 15% I 10% I 15% I 10% I t of Readin g ELA Span .

30% N 10% I 10% I or lit. NF 11 Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

You can still love literature! 12 Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Why do we resist non-fiction? We only know how to use it as a supplement, not as a text to teach We love literature! We dont have any. We hope someone else is doing it. We think we dont have time.

Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 13 Why is non-fiction great? Can relate to real-world themes, topics, and events. Can build significant background knowledge gaps. Can engage more students. They may never read a novel again in college. Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 14

Why is non-fiction great? Can seriously expand the modes your students use to write, once they see models (pages 3 and 6 of packet) Can open up a world of writing assignments Can expose students to different genres (speech, essays, letters, argument) Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 15

Why is non-fiction great? More close reading of nonfiction texts (rhetorical analysis) can give students more tools to improve their own writing Many opportunities for audio, media, technology, graphic representation, etc. Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 16 Where to find more . . . Books of essays

and speeches The Globe/other papers Kelly Gallaghers AoW Time for Kids Weekly Reader Sports Illustrated for Kids CNN Student News National Geographic for Kids

Tween Tribune College Board/DESE School and public libraries Newsletters in the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education mail 17 What to do with it Teach Rhetorical Vocabularythis is academic language (pages 4 and 5) Teach the models of discourse (model

and imitate) Work non-fiction in any way you can (pair with literature) Fun Reading/Summer Reading Bring in real world examples of argument and purposeful writing Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 18 How do to rhetorical analysis Pages 4-11 1. Find a passage. 2. Label the paragraphs and make ample space.

3. Provide a list of verbs and/or paragraph bridges 4. Have students label and discuss Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 19 Rhetorical analysis questions 1. Why is the author telling us this? 2. What is the author leaving out? 3. Why type of evidence is he/she using and from

where? 4. Is the main idea implied or stated directly? Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 20 Improve Writing Once youve done rhetorical analysis, its hard to justify the five-paragraph essay: 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. Author Author Author Author Author introduces an argument provides an example provides an example provides an example restates argument Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

21 SOAPSTone Analysis Pages 13 and 14 The acronym gives a framework for analyzing nonfiction texts. Use the graphic organizer before writing about a nonfiction text. Use for everything (art, posters, propaganda, Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

22 SAP Writing Assignment Three paragraphs every time: 1. Summarizemain idea, what happened 2. Analyzedeeper look, what do the parts contribute 3. Personalizeconnect to a text or to the world (limit text to self)

Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 23 Devils Advocate Why I Ride without a Bike Helmet, by Nick Olender Voting is a right, but its not a duty, by Jeff Jacoby College is a Waste of Time and Money, by Caroline Bird 24 Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

Why Appendix B is Awesome Provides lists of texts: Stories Drama Poetry Informational texts: ELA Informational texts: HSS Informational texts: SMTS Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 25 Why Appendix B is Awesome Also provides Samples from the texts

Performance Assessments using the texts (ideas for assignments) More than Shakespeare and foundational American texts Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 26 Why Appendix B is Awesome Also provides Lots of non-fiction ideas for authors and texts Academic vocabulary in context

How to use new content literacy standards (beyond the textbook!) Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 27 Samples of Appendix B Texts Grade 6-8: Tom Sawyer Eleven Travels with Charley Freedom Walkers The Number Devil: A Mathematical Adventure

Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 28 Samples of Appendix B Texts Grade 9-10: The Metamorphosis Macbeth To Kill a Mockingbird The Hot Zone: A Terrifying True Story Lincoln, Roosevelt, MLK, Reagan Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

29 Samples of Appendix B Texts Grade 11-CCR: Jane Eyre The Namesake Hamlet Thoreau, Emerson, Paine, Orwell Gladwell, Gawande Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 30 Sample Performance Assessment

6-8 Students provide an objective summary of Frederick Douglasss narrative. They analyze how the central idea regarding the evils of slavery is conveyed through supporting ideas and developed over the course of the text. (page 93) Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 31

Sample Performance Assessment 9-10 Students determine the purpose and point of view in MLKs I Have a Dream speech and analyze how King uses rhetoric (the resources of language?) to advance his position. (page 130) Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 32 Sample Performance Assessment

11-CCR Students analyze how the key term success is interpreted, used, and refined over the course of GK Chestertons essay The Fallacy of Success. (page 171) Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 33 What makes an assignment more Core?

34 Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education What makes an assignment more Core? Analysis (taking apart) or synthesis (putting together) Combining literary and informational Making an argument and supporting it with evidence Have (or create) a real situation Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

35 What makes an assignment more Core? Adding media (videos, music, art, visual texts) Incorporate the language on academic language sheet Text-based questions and writing from reading Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 36

What makes an assignment more Core? Comparing and contrasting two views of one idea (pages 11-12) Writing that acknowledges contradictory evidence Anything that distinguishes HOW something was written and WHY (not just WHAT it says) Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education

37 Cool new resource Writing Standards in Action project: www.doe.mass.edu/ candi/wsa 38 Join my Blog or email me: [email protected] http://gbdsacliteracy.blogspot.c om/

Link to Web sites Ive mentioned: http://urli.st/Rvb Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 39

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