Iru Academy Dangerous Goods (Adr) Train-the-trainer
CARRIAGE OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY ROAD IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE EUROPEAN AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE INTERNATIONAL CARRIAGE OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY ROAD (ADR) Kabul, 24 August 2015 Tatiana Rey-Bellet, Project Manager Regulations UNECE ECOSOC Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods and on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling Sub-committee GHS Sub-committee TDG
UN Model Regulations 18th edition, 2013 2 Regulations for Different Transport Modes UN ECOSOC Model Regulations Orange Book UNECE OTIF ICAO IMO UNECE
ADR RID ICAO-TI IATA-DGR IMDG Code ADN 3 ADR Agreement ADR: The European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR), done in Geneva on 30 September 1957, entered into force on 29 January 1968 Official languages: English, French, Russian
ADR applies to transport operations performed on the territory of at least two of the next mentioned Contracting Parties. 4 ADR Contracting Parties (48) 5 ADR Contracting Parties (48)
Albania Andorra Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland
France Germany Greece AFG AZE 2000 IRN Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta
Moldova Montenegro Morocco Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tajikistan The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey
Ukraine United Kingdom ADR in ECO countries KAZ KGZ PAK 2001 6 TJK TKM TUR 2011 2010
UZB ADR - to minimise risk! A gas-truck explosion devastates a seaside campsite Spain Los Alfaques-1978 200 people died 300 injured 7 Current malpractices 8 The evolution of ADR since 1956 FIRST EDITION, 1956: 62 PAGES EDITION 2015: 1000+ PAGES OR 3.2 KG!
9 Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR), 1957 Objectives To increase the safety of international transport by road of dangerous goods; Contracting Parties have agreed to set definition of appropriate conditions to allow their international road transport with regard to: Appropriate classification, packing and tank, marking and labelling and packaging requirements concerning vehicle crews, equipment, operation and documentation requirements concerning construction, equipment and operations of road transport unit of dangerous goods 10 Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR), 1957
Key Provisions Training of persons involved in the carriage of dangerous goods and safety obligation of the participant Identification and classification of dangerous goods articles and substances authorised for international transport (explosives, flammable liquids/solids, oxidizing, toxic, infectious, radioactive, corrosive,.) General provisions such as packing, tanks; marking, labelling; placarding and marking (containers, tanks, vehicles); documentation; packagings (container (IBCs) and tanks); conditions of carriage, loading, unloading and handling. 11 Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR), 1957 Key Provisions Requirements concerning vehicle crews, equipment, operation and documentation (transport unit and
equipment on board, training of the vehicle crew, supervision of vehicles, road tunnel restrictions, construction and approval of vehicles intended for the carriage of dangerous goods in packages, solid in bulk, temperature controlled substances and tank with capacity greater than 1 m3,, Mobile Explosives Manufacturering Unit (MEMU). 12 ADR Regulations Key Provisions Set up rules for documentation that must accompany the transport Make packaging and conditions of carriage requirements Create rules for carrying dangerous goods in tanks, containers and vehicles Define how transport unit carrying dangerous goods can be clearly recognised Apply rules on safety equipment on board
13 ADR Regulations Key Provisions In this order we must think of document to be carried on the transport unit, placarding and marking, fire fighting equipment, extinguishers, miscellaneous equipment and equipment of personal protection - a wheel chock, warning signs, eyes rinsing, warning vest, flash light, gloves, goggles, emergency escape mask, shovel, drain seal and collecting container. Determine behaviour rules for persons working with these goods Last but not least determine education standards 14 ADR Regulations Key Provisions By using the same rules in all the different countries the transport is much safer these days Thanks to that we can drive through all ADR countries without major barriers
15 Distinction: hazard classes Dangerous substances Products with dangerous properties in handling and storage Dangerous goods Products with dangerous properties in transport 16 Part 3 Dangerous Goods List, special provisions and exemptions Part 4 Packing and Tank
Part 5 Consignment procedures Part 6 Requirements for the construction and testing of packaging, containers and tanks Part 7 Provisions concerning the conditions of carriages, loading, unloading and handling Part 8 Requirements for vehicle crew, equipment, operation and
documentation Part 9 Requirements concerning the construction and approval of vehicles provisions -the conditions laid down in Annex A for the goods in question, in particular as regards their packaging and labelling; and -the conditions laid down in Annex B, in particular as regards the construction, equipment and operation of the vehicle carrying the goods in question.
17 Annex A Classification Annex B Part 2 Article 2 is the key article: apart from some excessively dangerous goods, other dangerous goods may be carried internationally in road vehicles subject to compliance with: Annex A
General Provisions ADR Part 1 ADR Structure of ADR Structure of ADR 188.8.131.52.3 Part Chapter Section 18 Sub-section
The IRU Group of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (GEMD) 62 members, as from January 2015: Paul Wauters, President, FEBETRA Peter Hari, Vice-President, ASTAG Jacques Marmy, Secretary, IRU 19 GEMD Structure President Vice-President IRU Secretariat IRU Members and Associated Members 20
Channelling Expertise Providing reliable information to policy-makers Providing reliable information to road transport operators 21 GEMD Action Tasks of the Group of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods: Monitor, analyse and make proposals to various international bodies on the regulation of the transport of dangerous goods Develop proposals in order to improve the ADR Agreement, in partnership with the chemicals industry Inform IRU Members of the content of regulations and of any modifications
Promote the geographical extension of the ADR Agreement Contribute to the activities of the IRU Academy 22 ADR repository more information http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/danger.htm 23 ADR Training - A key component to road safety 24 ADR Training and Instructions General awareness training (184.108.40.206) Function-specific training (220.127.116.11) Safety training (18.104.22.168) Safety adviser (1.8.3) Security Training (1.10.2) Special requirements concerning the training of drivers (8.2.2)
Training of persons other than the drivers involved in carriage (8.2.3) 25 ADR Driver Training Basic course (22.214.171.124) Specialised course: Carriage in Tanks (126.96.36.199) Specialised course: Class 1 (188.8.131.52) Specialised course: Class 7 (184.108.40.206) Refresher training (220.127.116.11) Certificate Format 26 IRU Academy Transport of Dangerous Goods Programme (ADR) Full compliance with the ADR 2015 Agreement Safety
27 Driver Duties and Responsibilities Field of activity Tasks, skills or knowledge DRIVING MAINTENANCE Drive with due regard to statutory regulations and traffic regulations relating to the transport of ADR
goods (eg. Speed limits, routing). Park the vehicle with regard to regulations. Maintain the vehicle's equipment (fire-fighting equipment, personal equipments, telecommunication equipment, speed limiter) in accordance with general and specific requirements concerning the transport of ADR goods Check that equipment is on board the vehicle before departure Carry out a daily check on the state of the vehicle Ensure that the vehicle is correctly cleaned 28 Driver Duties and Responsibilities Field of activity Tasks, skills or knowledge
COLLECTION / DELIVERY Recognise correct marking and labelling of parcels; placarding and marking of containers, tanks and vehicles Recognise typical dangerous goods packaging (IBCs, tanks, bulk containers) Apply regulations concerning the compatibility of transported
materials and the incompatibility of batches. Check that the goods are transported in an appropriate type of vehicle Ensure that the vehicle is correctly cleaned Respect the specific requirements concerning stowage and steadying of goods Before commencing loading, check the adequacy between volume available and volumes to be transferred Participate in loading and unloading operations in compliance with existing procedures. Select the appropriate means of handling as required Check the loading instructions Uncouple the vehicle React appropriately to specific bans on delivery (places, dates and times) Recognise the general classification and the characteristics of hazardous goods Identify danger classes to which products belong 29 Driver Duties and Responsibilities
Field of activity Tasks, skills or knowledge INFORMATION / COMMUNICATION SAFETY / QUALITY
Check that all necessary tools (mobile phone, electronic data base system) are on board and are working. Check that the required documentation is on board (instructions in writing) Check that the transport documents are complete (identification of products, quantities, safety requirements) In the absence of transport documents, or if these are not complete, obtain information from the appropriate source (consignor, loader, carrier) Place the transport documents so that they are readily available Identify the risks of the transport of hazardous goods and safety requirements detailed in instructions in writing (18.104.22.168) Show ability to follow security regulations and implement emergency procedures Check the availability of equipment for personal and general protection for vehicle crew. (8.1.5) Respect the safety requirements defined by the consignor, , the carrier and the consignee Intervene efficiently and appropriately in case of vehicle breakdown or incident involving the load (for example, help prevent contamination in the case of
spillage) / In the case of accident intervene to protect self and surroundings Recognise the incompatibility of certain substances Identify safety equipment required for ADR transport 30 ADR - Implications for Contracting Parties Cooperation with other Contracting Parties UNECE Working Party on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (WP.15) Application to domestic traffic not required by ADR but for International Traffic Notifications to the UNECE secretariat (bilateral/ multilateral agreements; accidents/incidents; transport restrictions) 31 Advantages for Contracting Parties Transit or importing countries
High level of transport safety Close cooperation with other Contracting Parties and mutual trust Mechanisms for solving disputes Exporting countries Border-crossing and transit facilitation No additional requirements imposed by transit or destination countries Recognition of certificates by other Contracting Parties Close cooperation with other Contracting Parties and mutual trust Mechanisms for solving disputes 32 ADR Accession steps Establishment of a national coordination Committee under the responsibility of the Prime Minister office or a focal point ministry (e.g. Ministry of Transport) including: Representatives of all ministries and agencies concerned e.g.: Transport, Industry, Interior, Environment, Trade, Defence, Finance, Agriculture, Labour, Science, Education, Public Health etc.
Representatives of the private sector e.g. Chemical/Petroleum/Gas industry Transport sector Packaging/tank/vehicle manufacturers etc http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/danger/publi/adr/roadmap/ADR_Road_Map_en.pdf 33 ADR Accession steps Assessing national situation ADR Legislation Implementation bodies (testing, certification, training, emergency response)
Competent authorities Enforcement bodies Bridging the gap Development of national regulations in line with ADR Establishment of implementation bodies Designation of competent authorities + training
Designation of enforcement bodies + training Designation of focal point for national implementation and cooperation with the other States (through WP.15) Provide the necessary financial and human resources to ensure participation of experts in the sessions supporting development of these regulations Express interest for participation in WP.15 34 ADR Accession steps Ruling
Develop or adapt existing national legislation/regulations Facilitate the implementation of ADR; to align the legislation applicable to the national transport of dangerous goods with ADR. Accessing Once all conditions are met Procedure depends on national law/constitution Consult Ministry of Transport Department of international relations Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Depositing instrument of accession to both ADR and Protocol of 1993 Updating ADR are regularly amended and updated in accordance with the decisions WP.15 Participation in WP.15 with full voting rights Mechanism for follow-up (Joint Meeting and WP.15) Amendments every two years
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