Japan After World War I

Todays Music Symphony: Mathis der Maler Versuchung des heiligen Antonius he Temptation of Saint Anthony) composed by Paul Hindemith Isenheim Alterpiece by Matthias Grnwold AP exam Deadline Tomorrow at Midnight!!! No one who needs financial help came in to see me

yesterday. You have to make it happen. Japan After World War I AP World History Chapter 21 The Collapse and Recovery of Europe 1914 1970s Japan After World War I Limited participation in WWI Result: Economy grew during and after

the war 1920s = Japan moving toward more democratic politics and Western values 1925 = universal male suffrage Emergence of two-party system Greater gender equality and more freedoms of expression Expansion of education Development of an urban consumer society Middle-class women entered new professions A Japanese Woman in

the 1920s Japan After World War I Tensions/problems resulting from Japans modernization and industrialization: 1918 = rice riots = millions protested the rising price of rice 1920s = union membership tripled as Japanese workers started to fight more for workers rights Increased disputes between

landowners and tenants Rising womens movement wanted the right to vote and the end of legal prostitution Japan After World War I These tensions and problems = alarming reminded many of how the Russian Revolution started in 1917 1925 = Peace Preservation Law passed = promised

long prison sentences, or even the death penalty, to anyone who organized against the existing imperial system of government or against private property Special Forces of the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department Japan and the Great Depression Great Depression = what ultimately

led to harsher authoritarian rule in Japan Japan = hit hard by the Great Depression Shrinking world demand for silk = millions of silk farmers now impoverished Exports fell by 50% between 1929 and 1931 More than a million urban workers left unemployed Food = scarce Families forced to sell their daughters to brothels

Japan and the Great Depression Many began to question whether democracy and capitalism could address Japans national emergency Growing movement in Japan = Radical Nationalism Extreme nationalism Opposed to parliamentary democracy Commitment to elite leadership focused around an emperor

Dedication to foreign expansion Especially appealing to younger army officers Japans Young Womens Patriotic Association Japanese Authoritarianism 1930s = right-wing nationalist thinking continued to grow Parliament, political parties, and elections continued but major government positions now held by

military or bureaucratic figures, not party leaders Military began to have a more dominant role in political life Censorship limited free expression Only ONE single news agency allowed to distribute national and international news to newspapers and radio stations Trade unions banned replaced with discussion councils Japanese Authoritarianism 1937 = new textbook

issued by the Ministry of Education Used in all Japanese schools Stressed the difference between Japan and the West Stressed the divinity of the Japanese emperor Students required to do more physical training Martial arts replaced

Japanese Students at Rifle Training Japanese Authoritarianism Authoritarian state in Japan gained a lot of popular support because it was able to pull Japan out of the Great Depression By the end of 1937 =

everyone was working State-financed credit to businesses Government spending on armaments Differences between Japanese Authoritarianism and Fascism in Italy and Germany Japan No right-wing party gained popular support or seized power

No charismatic leader No fascist party People arrested for political offenses = resocialized = renounced their errors and returned to the Japanese Way Less repressive than Italy Italy and Germany Fascist political parties gained support & seized power

Mussolini and Hitler Strong fascist parties People arrested for political offenses = institutionalized, deported, or killed Japanese Imperialism Japan believed it should have been given more land in the Treaty of Versailles 1930s = Japanese

imperial ambitions began to grow Growing Japanese nationalism Military became more powerful in Japans political life Manchuria Japan acquired sphere of influence in Manchuria following victory over Russia in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905

Japanese fear = growing Chinese nationalism would threaten this sphere of influence 1931 = Japanese military seized control of Manchuria Set up a puppet state called Manchukuo Western powers = NOT HAPPY Japan = broke with its Western allies and withdrew from the League of Nations 1936 = Japan joined with Germany and

Italy in an alliance called the Axis Powers China 1937 = Japan invaded China Japanese forces = brutal and violent In many Chinese villages every single person and every single animal were killed

1937-1938 = Rape of Nanjing 200,000 to 300,000 Chinese civilians killed

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