Judicial Branch AKA Supreme Court

Judicial Branch AKA Supreme Court

Judicial Branch Supreme Court The Constitution Article IISection 2 The President shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint judges to the Supreme Court. Judicial Branch Article III of the Constitution establishes the Judicial Branch. It is made up of nine Supreme Court justices. The Judicial Branchs main responsibility is to interpret the laws

for the country. Article III of the U.S. Constitution Section 1 The Judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office. Requirements of Judicial Branch Requirements

Judicial Branch What political party do they belong to? Doesnt matter Who appoints them? The President Who ratifies the appointments?

The Senate Citizenship Doesnt matter Minimum Age None Residency Doesnt matter

Term of Office For life Role of the Supreme Court If the Supreme Court finds that a law passed by Congress conflicts with (goes against) the Constitution it must declare the law unconstitutional. The law is then thrown out. This power to review a law and decide whether it is constitutional or not is known as judicial review.

A Supreme Court decision sets a precedent (a rule that must be followed and applied to similar situations in the future) for all U.S. courts to follow when making their Types of Cases the Supreme Court Hears The first kind involves disputes between states. The second involves foreign ambassadors. It serves as a final court of appeals. It hears cases that have been tried and appealed as far as law permits in federal and state courts.

What happened in 2015-16? President Obama's Nominee for Supreme Court to replace Justice Scalia was not voted on. President Obama nominated Merrick Garland It was an election year A third of all U.S. Presidents have appointed a Supreme Court justice in an election year. Six Justices have been confirmed in a presidential election year since 1900 including President Reagans appointee Justice Kennedy. Since 1875, every nominee who was not withdrawn has received a vote within 125 days of nomination.

It will be harmful and create unsustainable uncertainty if Congress fails to act on the President's nominee. Republicans have argued that no appointment can be made in an election year. Republican leadership is refusing to vote or even hold a hearing on the

Presidents nominee to the Supreme Court. Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch Appointed by President Donald Trump April 8th, 2017 Believes the US Constitution should be construed as it was written by its original drafters

Constitutional Originalist Took place of Antonin Scalia, who passed away while sitting on the bench Implications Regarding Potential S.C. Decisions for 2015-2016 Supreme Court season Influence of big money on political elections Voting Rights Act Retaining womens right to choose Gay Rights Rights of teachers and other public employees to unionize

Presidents authority to fight climate change Traditional role of the S.C. to protect the powerless from the powerful Conservative or Liberal? Justice Brett Kavanaugh Nominated by President Trump

Took his seat on October 6th, 2018 Replaced retired Justice Anthony Kennedy Typically has ruled conservative, but sees the case as it is

Recently Viewed Presentations