Keterikatan Pada Hukum Syara' Dan Tolok Ukur Perbuatan

Keterikatan Pada Hukum Syara' Dan Tolok Ukur Perbuatan

DALIL-DALIL SYARA (Sumber-Sumber Hukum Islam) Oleh : Muhammad Riza Rosadi PENDAHULUAN Pembahasan masalah dalil Syara adalah termasuk masalah ushul

(pokok) agama Karenanya penetapan sumbernya harus pasti (QS. Al-Isra : 36 & Yunus : 36) SUMBER HUKUM ISLAM Yang memenuhi kriteria tersebut adalah : Al-Quran As-Sunnah

Ijma Shahabat Qiyas AL-QURAN Al-Quran adalah Kalam Allah yang difirmankan melalui malaikat Jibril kepada Rasulullah saw, yang berfungsi : (1) Jadi hujjah kerasulan, (2) Pedoman hidup manusia, (3) Ibadah bagi pembacanya.

Kehujjahannya : (1) Bahasa Arab Qs Al-Isra : 88 & Al-Baqarah : 23; (2) Isi kandungannya Qs Al Fath : 27 & Ar-Ruum : 1-7; (3) Sejarah terdahulu dan kesesuaiannya dengan IPTEK dll AS-SUNNAH As-Sunnah adalah perkataan, perbuatan dan taqrir (ketetapan, persetujuan, diamnya) Rasulullah saw terhadap suatu perbuatan

perbuatan seorang shahabat yang diketahuinya. Kehujjahannya : merupakan wahyu Allah SWT (Qs. An-Najm : 3-4, An-Anam : 50) AS-SUNNAH Fungsi As-Sunnah terhadap Al-Quran : Menguraikan Kemujmalan (keglobalan) AlQuran Pengkhususan keumuman Al-Quran

Taqyid (Pensyaratan) terhadap ayat AlQuran yang Mutlak Pelengkap keterangan sebagian hukumhukum Al-Quran Menetapkan hukum-hukum baru IJMA SHAHABAT Ijma adalah kesepakatan terhadap suatu hukum bahwa hal itu merupakan hukum syara Ijma yang bisa diterima hanyalah Ijma

Shahabat Contoh Ijma : Pengumpulan Al-Quran, Keharusan adanya khalifah dll. QIYAS Qiyas berarti menyamakan suatu kejadian yang tidak ada nashnya, dengan suatu kejadian yang sudah ada nash/hukumnya karena disebabkan adanya kesamaan illat

(sebab) hukumnya Kehujjahannya karena dasar pengambilan illat-nya adalah dalil-dalil syara yakni AlQuran, As-Sunnah dan Ijma Shahabat Contoh Qiyas : Larangan jual-beli pada saat adzan Jumat (QS Al-Jumuah : 9)

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