Key Parts of an Essay - Polk School District

Key Parts of an Essay - Polk School District

Key Parts of an Essay The Super Sentences! An Essay Must Have Beginning: The Introduction Grabs the readers attention, introduces the topic, and establishes the controlling idea Middle: The Body Paragraphs Fully Explain, support, and describe the

controlling idea and provide details End: The Conclusion Brings the paper to a close, leaves the reader with something to ponder, to do, or to remember The Super Sentences When you create an essay, there are several key sentences or sentence

groups that you want to make sure you write. They will help you structure your paper. They will make your paper easy to follow and understand. The Attention Grabber This sentence or combination of sentences goes in the introduction. It is important because it gives the reader

a reason to be interested. Example: Did you know that a recent study in California revealed that 95% of college students admit to having cheated on their homework? Cheating has become an epidemic! The Controlling Idea This sentence is in the introduction, and shows your reader your topic. It sets the

tone of the paper It is important because it controls the entire paper. Every single sentence in the whole paper must relate to your controlling idea. Ex. I believe that a food court in our cafeteria would help to improve our school. So, the introduction has

The Attention Grabber (AG) The Controlling Idea (CI) Ex. Do you ever get sick of using boring, old, outdated text books in school? Studies in Iowa show students retain more information when they use technology for learning than when they use text books. I believe that if schools relied more on technology and less on paper, we could dramatically improve education.

The Topic Sentences Each body paragraph MUST have a Topic Sentence The Topic Sentence is usually the first sentence in a body paragraph It is important because it shows the reader the main idea for the paragraph It usually begins with a transition Every sentence in the paragraph must

relate to the topic sentence So the body paragraph has A Topic Sentence Supporting sentences and details Ex. Second, I think that increasing technology in our schools will help students prepare for the real world. The workplace is filled with computers, and more and more often jobs require knowledge of technology. If students

have access to technology in school, by the time they enter the workforce, using required programs and systems will be second nature for them. Summary Sentence This sentence goes in your conclusion It restates your main ideas It is important because it reminds your readers of your main idea so that it sticks

in their brains. Ex. The high quality educational environment that technology provides will improve our school. Clincher This sentence or group of sentences leaves your reader with a lasting impression to ponder or remember. It ends the paper.

Ex. Because of all of its wonderful qualities, I feel lucky that my home is close to a Chick-fil-a so that I can visit it whenever the craving strikes. The Conclusion Has The Summary Statement (SS) The Clincher (CS) Ex. Nothing can improve a dogs dedication, intelligence, and friendship.

Because a dog offers all of these wonderful qualities, I realize why people say, A dog is a mans best friend. I would feel fortunate to have a dog as an animal companion. So the SUPER SENTENCES Are: 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. Attention Grabber Controlling Idea Topic Sentences Summary Statement Clincher Source: Balog, David, Ed. The Dana Source Book of Brain Science: Resources for Teachers

and Students 4th edition. Dana Press, c2006. Transverse Section Writing Words Source: Balog, David, Ed. The Dana Source Book of Brain Science: Resources for Teachers and Students 4th edition. Dana Press, c2006.

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