Kingdom Animalia Chapters 14 & 15

Kingdom Animalia Chapters 14 & 15

Kingdom Animalia Notes Chapter 12 What do these have in common? Animals are:

Multicellular eukaryotes Heterotrophic (consumers) Reproduce sexually (usually) Develop from embryos Have specialized parts Are able to move (most)

1. True or False: Almost all animals reproduce sexually. Animals with a backbone and a skull are called vertebrates they make up only

3 5 % of all animals Animals without a skull and backbone are called invertebrates they make up 95 97% of all animals 2. ______________ make up 95 97% of

all animals on Earth. a. b. c. d.

Vertebrates Invertebrates Mammals Insects Innate behaviors (NOT learned) are .

influenced by genes an animal is born KNOWING how to do something. While learned behaviors have to be taught or observed

Speech is innate in humans, but the particular language (English, French.) you speak is learned. 3. What type of behavior is flying for a bird, or swimming for a fish?

A. Learned B. Innate Animals have THREE body plans: Animals have three types of body plans:

1. bilateral symmetry (bi = 2) 2. radial symmetry (radial = positioned around a central point) 3. asymmetrical

( a = no, not) (( sym = together and metry = measure)) Simple Invertebrates:

Sponges are asymmetrical. Have no head, nerves or stomach. Live in water and can regenerate. They use collar cells to filter H2O & eat.

Sponge: Cnidarians have radial symmetry and stinging cells to capture prey and defend themselves. Jellyfish, hydra and sea anemones are

examples. CNIDARIANS JELLYFISH

HYDRA SEA ANEMONE Flatworms simple worms with bilateral symmetry. Planarians, flukes and

tapeworms are examples Examples of Flatworms: Planaria Tapeworms

Flukes Roundworms most of these simple worms are parasites - examples include: pinworms and hookworms

Roundworm Examples: Pinworms Hookworms

4. Most of these simple invertebrates are parasites. A. B. C. D.

Cnidarians Flatworms Roundworms Vertebrates

Complex Invertebrates: Mollusks are the second largest phylum of animals. They all have a foot, visceral mass, mantle and a shell. Examples of mollusks: clam,

squids and snails Mollusk Examples: Clam Squid

Snails Annelid Worms these are segmented worms like an earthworm, bristleworm and

leeches Earthworms Arthropods: Arthropods are the largest group of animals on the Earth. 75% of all

animals are arthropods. Estimates: Humans on Earth = 6 billion Arthropods Earth = 10 billion billion Characteristics of Arthropods:

jointed limbs segments & specialized parts exoskeletons well-developed brains Kinds of Arthropods:

1. centipedes & millipedes 2. crustaceans (lobster & crab) 3. arachnids (spiders & ticks) 4. insects (bees, flies, moths) Centipede and Millipede

Echinoderms means spiny skinned, these animals live on the ocean floor. Sea stars, sea cucumbers and sand dollars are examples

Echinoderms: Sea Cucumbers Sand Dollars Star Fish

5. This is the largest group of animals on Earth they make up more than 75% of all members of the animal kingdom. A. B.

C. D. Arthropods Echinoderms Mollusks

Annelid Worms

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