Kitchen Safety

Kitchen Safety

KITCHEN SAFETY Bureau of Workers Compensation PA Training for Health & Safety (PATHS) Preventing Burns & Kitchen Fires PPT-020-01 1 Topics

Degrees of Burns First Aid for Burns/Scalds Deep Fat Fryer Safety Burn Prevention Tips Kitchen Fires Fire Extinguishers PPT-020-01

2 Degrees of Burns o First Degree minor and heal quickly. Symptoms = reddened skin, tender, sore o Second Degree serious and require immediate first aid & professional medical treatment. Symptoms = blistered skin, very painful o Third Degree severe and require immediate professional medical treatment. Symptoms = white, brown, or charred tissue, often surrounded by blistered areas; little of no pain at first

PPT-020-01 3 Degrees of Burns PPT-020-01 4 First Aid for Burns/Scalds o First & Second Degree = Cool the burned

area with cool, running water for 10 minutes. o Third Degree = Get medical attention immediately! Cool only with wet, sterile dressings. o After the burned area has been cooled, cover with a clean, dry dressing. o Do NOT put butter or any other grease including medicated ointments on a burn! PPT-020-01 5 First Aid for Burns/Scalds

o Do NOT break blisters! o If clothing has been burned, remove that part which isnt stuck to victim. o If possible, remove jewelry from around burned area before swelling begins. o Treat for shock by keeping the victims body temperature normal; cover unburned areas with a dry blanket. PPT-020-01 6

Deep Fat Fryer Safety o Never put water or other liquid into hot cooking oil it turns to steam instantly and can violently explode hot oil in all directions. o Be careful when adding food to a deep fat fryer: if the fat is too hot or there are pockets of liquid in the prepared food the hot fat/oil will spray up. o Turn the Fryer off when leaving for the day. PPT-020-01

7 Burn Prevention Tips o Remember that steam will rise from a pot of boiling water when the lid is removed. o Use a pot holder and lift lids so that the end farthest away from you comes up first. o Leave a cloth or oven mitts on a hot lid lying on a counter top to alert others the lid is hot. o Turn pot handles in so that they cant be bumped or the pots knocked over.

PPT-020-01 8 Burn Prevention Tips o Dont leave spoons or other utensils in pots while cooking. o Dont leave pots on stove unattended while cooking. o Turn off burners and ovens when they are not in use. o Keep plenty of dry pot holders and oven mitts near your cooking area.

PPT-020-01 9 Burn Prevention Tips o When cooking wear clothing with tight fitting sleeves or roll your sleeves up. o When using a microwave, use only containers designed for safe use. o Before carefully removing covers on food cooked in a microwave, ensure the food has cooled down.

o Keep things that burn such as dishtowels, paper, etc. at least 3 feet from the range top. PPT-020-01 10 Burn Prevention Tips o Keep grease from building up on range tops, hoods, and appliances. o Keep hot pans, beverages, and trays away from the edge of a counter. o Use pot holders or oven mitts when moving/carrying hot pans, trays, etc.

o Use caution when moving about within the kitchen due to hot grills, range tops, ovens. PPT-020-01 11 Kitchen Fires o Most kitchen fires start due to the heating of fat or oil. o Unattended cooking can also result in a kitchen fire. o When oil/fat gets hot it smokes a little at first, but if it gets hotter it bursts into flame.

PPT-020-01 12 Kitchen Fires o To extinguish a fat/oil fire cover it with a damp cloth, or use a fire extinguisher. o Make sure you turn off the gas or power. o NEVER USE WATER on a fat/oil/grease fire! o Do NOT attempt to carry or move a pan thats on fire. o Keep the appropriate lid close by while cooking so you can cover a pan thats on fire. PPT-020-01

13 Fire Extinguisher Use o Fire extinguishers are marked to indicate the class of fire they can be used on. o Access to fire extinguishers should not blocked/ obstructed. o After a fire extinguisher is used it must be recharged, not put back in place. o Most fire extinguishers will make a mess! PPT-020-01

14 Fire Extinguisher Classifications PPT-020-01 15 Class of Fires Class A= Ordinary Combustibles (.e.g Wood, Paper, Rubber) Class B = Flamamble Liquids/Gases (e.g. Gasoline, Methane)

Class C = Energized Electrical (e.g. electrical appliance plugged in) PPT-020-01 16 Class D Fires Class D Fires = Combustible metals (e.g. titanium, aluminum) Extinguishers for these classes of fire: o Often specific for type of metal in question o No picture designator

o No rating; also not given multi-purpose rating PPT-020-01 17 Class K Fires o Class K fires occur in cooking grease made from animal fat. o These fires usually burn very hot and can be dangerous to extinguish. o There are special fire extinguishers that are used for these types of fires and are

usually in kitchen areas of restaurants/cafeterias. PPT-020-01 18 Class K Fire Extinguisher Looks like a 2 gallon pressurized water extinguisher dont get them mixed up! Use the labels/markings on all extinguishers to ensure you have the correct one! PPT-020-01

19 To Use: P.A.S.S. o P = Pull the pin on the fire extinguisher handle. o A = Aim the nozzle/horn of the extinguisher at the base/bottom of the fire. o S = Squeeze the fire extinguisher handles together to make the extinguisher work. o S = Sweep the extinguisher from side to side as if you were using a broom. PPT-020-01

20 Used Extinguisher o Never put a fire extinguisher thats been used back in place (even if it still feels heavy). o Even a short burst can cause the extinguisher to leak pressure after use. o Putting a used extinguisher back in place can mean it wont work in the future. o Have used extinguishers checked and recharged by a reputable dealer. PPT-020-01

21 Think Safety! o Burns can be VERY painful and kitchen fires can be devastating. o The bottom line in preventing burns and kitchen fires is to use common sense and safe practices. o Never take anything for granted when working in a kitchen treat pots, pans, and cooking surfaces as being hot unless YOU know for sure they are not.

PPT-020-01 22 Contact Information Health & Safety Training Specialists 1171 South Cameron Street, Room 324 Harrisburg, PA 17104-2501 (717) 772-1635 [email protected] Like us on Facebook! PPT-020-01

23 Questions????? PPT-020-01 24

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