Latent Learning EC Tolman, Rats and Mazes E.C. Tolman Cognitive Theory of Learning Learning as developing from bits of
knowledge and cognitions about the environment and how the organism relates to it. This was in contrast to the theories of Thorndike who thought of learning as a strict stimulus-response connection. Cognitive Maps A mental representation of the
layout of ones environment. Rats and Mazes Tolman conducted experiments with rats and mazes to examine the role that reinforcement plays in the way that rats
learn their way through complex mazes. These experiments eventually led to the theory of latent learning Latent Learning Latent learning which describes learning that occurs in the absence of an obvious
reward Tolman argued that humans engage in this type of learning everyday as we drive or walk the same route daily and learn the locations of various buildings and objects. Only when we need to find a building or object does learning become obvious
Intrinsic Motivation A desire to perform an behavior for its own sake Extrinsic Motivation Performing a behavior to receive promised
reward or avoid punishment. Cognitive Dissonance This is when a person is trying to reconcile a conflict between attitudes and actions. In trying to do so, they often change their
attitudes to support the actions others see. This is why people who like their jobs stay in them even if they are not pay a lot. Or why celebrities complain about being rich and famous. Biological Predispositions Biological constraints predispose organisms
to learn associations that are naturally adaptive. People can be taught a lot of behaviors but you cant teach them any behavior you desire Insight Learning
A sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem. Instinctive Drift When animals reverted to their biologically predisposed pattern.
PUEBLO INTEREAGENCY DISPATCH CENTER (PIDC) 2007 ANNUAL REPORT Severe weather launched the 2007 season when PIDC ordered a Type 2 Team on January 2nd to support the storm ravaged South East portion of the Colorado PIDC Zone.
* * * * * * * * Finally, proof of the pudding is in the eating. Very often we monitor the performances of foundations, tie backs, embankments etc. for a long time after construction, to verify that it is...
Onder de levenden en doden heb ik niemand met wie ik mij verwant voel." 1889: volledige instorting, verzorgd door zijn moeder en zus brieven die hij nog schreef ondertekende hij met "de gekruisigde" 1900: dood / zus Elisabeth (anti-semitisch) beheert...
Chapter 18 Deviance and Sport * Chapter Outline Rule breaking Emotion and sport Aggression and sport Violence in sport Chapter summary Discussion Near the end of a football game, announcers often say that the ref should "hold the flag" (refrain...
Autocrines and paracrines are _____ chemical messengers and will not be considered part of the endocrine system. function-hormone is carried to _ function- hormoneand is then carried by bloodstream. Comparing Endocrine & Neurocrine. Secretions into _ Leads to _ ...
Chi-square formula Once X2 is determined, it is converted to a probability value (p) using the degrees of freedom (df) = n- 1 where n = the number of different categories for the outcome. where o = observed value for...
Any change in the cost accounting principles and methods applied for the measurement and assignment of the administrative overheads during the period covered by the cost statement which has a material effect on the administrative overheads shall be disclosed.
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!