Organisation and financing of Public Transport in France Chantal Duchne, Director General, Groupement des Autorits Responsables de Transport (GART), France Groupement des Autorits Responsables de Transport (GART) (French Association of Public Transport Authorities) Founded : 1980 Status : Non profit organization Membership : 254 public transport authorities : cities, departements and regions Goals : To represent public transport authorities and promote public transportation and mobility management. 1- Current organisational structure in France Function of State Regulation of transport activities : access to the operator trade Responsible for the observation: it acts with GART and the association of public transport operators to make a survey and publish figures and ratios about public transport in France Public transport authorities Outside of the Ile-de-France (Paris and its rgion) Role of urban local authorities :
management of mobility : over 100,000 inhabitants Plans de Dplacements Urbains (urban mobility plans) are obligatory transport policy : service characteristics, fare levels, information structures, operating modes choice of operating themselves or calling for tenders modes of organisation for public transport (defining and choice of the operators) management of transport infrastructure and equipment. Role of departements same that urban local authorities for non urban road public transit act mainly for school transport Role of regions responsible for organising rail and road transport structures of regional interest : level of regional passenger transport, with particular emphasis on the locations served, fare levels, service quality and passenger information Have to contract for rail service with SNCF, the french national public operator In the Ile-de-France region (Paris and its rgion) Public transport authority Syndicat des Transports dIle-de-France STIF, formed by Ile-de-France rgion, dpartements and city of Paris STIF define transport policy : service characteristics, fare levels, information structures, operating modes
No call for tenders : has to change after the european regulation 2 major public companies (RATP and SNCF) and around 100 other companies outside Paris 2 Contractual relationships between local authorities and operators outside Ile-de-France 90 % public transport authorities call for tenders T he type of contract for urban transport networks in 2003 (total delegated management outside Ile-de-France) Gross Cost 28% Concession 2% Management contracts 10% Net Cost 60% Furthermore, the contracts must specify in particular: Level of service quality
Cost with more and more often bonus/malus system Duration : 5 to 10 years ; depend of the property of rolling stock (generally property of local authorities for urban transport and of operators for non urban transport) The minimum rules applicable to all contracts French law defines the minimum rules applicable to all contracts. They must specify: the duration of the contract, the general structure of the service (networks of lines, positions of stops, frequency of services, vehicles used), the operating conditions of the services (the timetable), the fares to be paid by the passengers, the financing conditions of the urban transport service: remuneration of the operator and financing of the investment (equipment and installations),
the procedures for controlling the use of funds provided or guaranteed by the public transport authority. The duration of the delegation must be limited in time. The contract cannot be extended, except: for reasons in the general public interest (and for no more than one year), when the assignee is obliged, in order to carry out the public service efficiently or to extend its geographic area, to make material investments at the demand of the public transport authority not mentioned in the original contract that modify the overall financial framework and which cannot be amortised throughout the remaining period of the contract without excessive price increases. The law also stipulates that each year, before June 1st, the delegate must produce a report, including the accounts, reflecting all activities, an analysis of service quality and an appendix to allow the public transport authority to assess the conditions of performance of the public service. 3- Financing of public transport in conurbations Distribution of sources of urban public transport financing in 2003 (outside Ile-de-France and not including loans) Total own funds : 4 456 millions euros State 3%
Fare s 20% Local authoritie s 31% Source : annual enquiry into urban public transport (CERTUDTT-GART-UTP) Transport tax 46% Transport tax rates Territorial area Maximum rate Ile-de-France: Paris, Hauts-de-Seine 2.6 % Ile-de-France: Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne 1.7 % Ile-de-France: Essonne, Seine-et-Marne, Val-dOise, Yvelines 1.4 % Outside Ile-de-France: Conurbations > 100 000 inhabitants that have decided to construct a public transport infrastructure and whose dossiers have been examined by the State
1.75% Outside Ile-de-France: Conurbations > 100,000 inhabitants 1% Outside Ile-de-France: Conurbations between 10,000* and 100,000 inhabitants 0.55% Outside Ile-de-France: Supplement for the communities that have also formed a group for other tasks 0.05% Changes to sources of financing (not including loans and outside of IDF) for urban public transport from 1997 to 2003 in millions of euros 2003 +2,8% 5000 3 774 3 671 +6,9% +4,4% +0,4% 4 210
Transport Tax Source: Annual enquiry into urban public transport (CERTU-DTT-GART-UTP ) 2001 Local Autorithies State Source s of financing (not including loans ) for urban public trans port in 2003, m illion e uro, according to the s ize of the ne tw ork 3500 3 296 State 120 Local authorities 3000 2500 Transport tax 1112 Revenue generated 2000 1500
1415 1000 500 650 0 Right-of -Way Conurbation 827 7 201 333 427 2 192 166 Conurbation over 100,000 inhab. 69 96 Conurbation less than 100,000 inhab.
Source : annuel enquiry into urban public transport (CERTU-DTTGA RT-UTP) 182 netw orks Ope rating cos t pe r k ilom e te r in 2003, according to the s ize of the ne tw ork , in e uro Ave rage for all ne tw ork s : 4,2 8,0 7,4 7 7,0 6,0 5,0 4,8 5,0 4,0 3,4 3,2 3,0 3,0 2,5
2,0 1,0 0,5 0,0 Right-of -Way Conurbation Minimum Average Conurbation over 100,000 inhab. Maximum Conurbation less than 100,000 inhab. Source : annuel enquiry into urban public transport (CERTU-DTT-GARTUTP) Ope rating cos t pe r journe y in 2003, according to the s ize of the ne tw ork , in Ave rage for all ne tw ork s : 1,3 8 7,2 7 6 5 4 2
1 3 2,6 3 0,9 1,6 1,4 1,2 0,9 0,2 0 Right-of -Way Conurbation Minimum Average Conurbation over 100,000 inhab. Maximum Conurbation less than 100,000 inhab. Source : annuel enquiry into urban public transport (CERTU-DTT-GART-UTP)
182 Netw orks Financing of public transport in the Ile-de-France region in 2003 Sources of financing operating in Ile de France in 2003 (6440 million ) 4% 4% 8% 27% 11% 9% 37% Source STIF Users Employer Transport tax State Region Departements
Others Sources of financing investment in Ile de France in 2003 (1180 million ) 5% 26% 58% 6% 5% Source STIF Operators STIF State Region Departements
Informatica Applications Architect. [email protected] Atlanta User Group. About Softpath …. Based in Atlanta, Softpath is a leading consulting services and IT staffing company. We are a 500 member team and growing . Informatica partner and value added reseller working coast...
A Native American Story Loosely based on a Northwest Pacific Indian Myth There are many tales of Raven the Trickster in Native American myths and legends. This is one of them. Retold by Lin Donn Illustrated by Phillip Martin *...
Baby Book. Iodine (Your Last Name ) My sweet baby Iodine was born on Tuesday, May 24, 1811. She had a birth weight of 127 a.m.u., a height of 53 and lovely. brown eyes. Her race is non-metal and gender...
music therapy. play therapy. occupational therapy. speech therapy. prompt speech therapy. physical therapy. behavioral interventions. early start denver model. pivotal response training. discrete trial training. social stories. social skills training. social groups. integrated play therapy. educational and integrated services. teacch....
Quaternary Environments Pollen Analysis Pollen Analysis Millions of tons of organic material is dispersed into the atmosphere by flowering plants and cryptogams every year Sedimentation rate is important for fine resolution Basis of Pollen Analysis Distinct morphology of pollen grains...
DOBSON. Who Am I? Born on 8 July 1980, I am a Republic of Ireland international footballer, and also a striker for Los Angeles Galaxy in Major League Soccer. I am the current captain of the Irish national team. ......
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!