Learning Module 07 - University of Texas at Dallas

Learning Module 07 - University of Texas at Dallas

Learning Module 7 Narrow Transcription SPAU 3343 Phonetics Slides by Sonya Mehta In this LM you will review: What diacritics are and how we use them.

Which diacritics you will need to know. Other ways to look at the 12 phonological rules. Diacritics Diacritics are small marks that can be added to a phoneme to indicate changes from typical pronunciation.

You can find most of the diacritics inside the back cover of your textbook. There are a LOT of diacritics, but well only need to learn the ones on the next slide. TA Tip! The other diacritics may be extremely useful when transcribing your foreign speaker, so check them out! Diacritics you should

know [ ] Aspiration [ ] Tap/Flap [ ] Partial devoicing [ ] Dentalized [ ] Unreleased [ ] Nasalized

[ ] Glottal stop [ ~ ] Velarized [ ] Syllabic TA Tip! Memorizing the names of the diacritics can help you remember how and where to use them! Phonological Rules by Sound

Heres another way to think about the 12 phonological rules if youre having trouble remembering them... Format: Target Sound(s) Included Phoneme(s) Name [diacritic] when to apply it [examples]

Stops /p/, /t/, /k/, /b/, /d/, /g/, /m/, /n/, // Unreleased [ ] before other stops. [skt], [h mp], [pl nt], [p dkt] Nasals /m/, /n/, // Syllabic [ ] end of word and after an obstruent.

[bekn], [nen ] Voiceless Stops /p/, /t/, /k/ Aspiration [ ] when in stressed syllable initial. [pt], [pt], [ka], [kat], [tu], [kt], [p e]

Aspiration [ ] unaspirated after /s/. [ste], [spe] Glottal stop [] after V and end of syllable. [stip], [t], [bat], [stk] Voiceless Affricates // Glottal stop [] after V and end of syllable.

[sk], [p] Alveolar Stops /t/, /d/ Flap/Tap [] between a stressed and unstressed syllable. [b], [d], [v] Voiceless Alveolar Stops

/t/ Glottal stop [] before a nasal in the same word. [in], [bn] Alveolars /t/, /d/, /n/, /s/, /z/, //, /l/, Dentalized [ ] before dentals.

[tn], [h] Approximants //, /j/, /w/, /hw/, /l/, // Partially devoiced [ ] after aspirated stops [ ]. [p e], [pl e], [pl nt], [p i], [p dkt], [pl stk] Liquids //, /l/, //

Syllabic [ ] end of syllable and after a consonant. [sd], [mk ] TA Tip! Syllabics cant have any consonants or vowels in the same syllable a syllabic is a consonant thats its own syllable. Lateral /l/

Velarized [] after a V and before a C; or at the end of a word. [wf], [sk], [h] Vowels /i, , e, , , , , , o, , u, a, a, / Nasalized [ ] before a nasal. [sim], [s ], [san

d] Exercise 07 Narrow Transcription - Real Words - Non-Words Click the speaker to listen to the word. Do not play a word more than 3 times. words

in narrow phonetic fashion Exercise 07 Transcribe these be sure to include diacritics in these. Dont forget to mark primary stress! Real Words Non-Words 1.

6. 2. 7. 3. 8. 4.

9. 5. 10.

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