LEED LEADERSHIP IN ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN What is Environmentally Responsible Design? Design and construction practices that significantly reduce or eliminate the negative impact of
buildings on the environment and occupants in five broad areas: Why Build Green? The built environment has a profound impact on the natural environment, public health, productivity, and the economy. In the U.S., buildings account for: 36% of total energy used 65% of electricity consumption
30% of greenhouse gas emissions 30% of raw materials use 30% of solid waste production 136 million tons of construction waste annually 12% of potable water consumption Effects of Green Building: Reduce water use by 40% Reduce energy costs and dangerous emissions from power generation by 30% Divert 50-75% of construction and demolition
waste from landfills Save $58 billion per year in lost sick time due to poor indoor air quality Gain $180 billion per year in worker productivity with improved day lighting and thermal comfort What does is cost to be green? Changing everyday Basically, depends on the project. Tax credits are given to buildings certified as LEED Silver or higher, which reduces the final
cost of the building. USGBC U.S. Green Building Council Created in 1993, a Non-profit organization dedicated to sustainable building design and construction. The USGBC works through a committee structure to gain consensus for market-based incentives to support environmentally responsible buildings. It employs consensus-based decision making from across its extremely diverse membership. USGBC policies require approval by two-thirds of the voters.
Members then influence change in all sectors of the building industry through their active participation in national conferences, regional chapters, and standing committees. USGBC COMMITTEE STRUCTURE USGBC Chapter Steering Committee USGBC Curriculum & Accreditation Committee
USGBC Education Committee USGBC Emerging Green Builders Committee USGBC Government Committee USGBC Greening the Codes Committee USGBC Professional Development Committee USGBC Public Distribution List Committee
LEED Technical Science and Advisory Committee What does the USGBC have to do with LEED? The LEED program was developed by the USGBC to: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Define green building by establishing a common standard of measurement Promote integrated, whole-building design practices Recognize environmental leadership in the building industry Stimulate green building competition Raise consumer awareness of green building benefits Transform the building market USGBC
LEED RATING SYSTEM The percentage of points available for each of the individual categories differs for each LEED standard. Sustainable sites Water efficiency Energy and atmosphere Materials and resources Indoor environmental quality Innovation and design process LEED AP involved in the project
Why get LEED certified? Professional accreditation distinguishes individuals with detailed knowledge of LEED-project certification requirements and processes. The LEED-AP designation is awarded to building industry practitioners who successfully demonstrate these proficiencies on a comprehensive exam. LEED Aps understand green building practices and principles and are familiar with LEED requirements, resources, and processes, to support and encourage integrated environmentally responsible design, and to streamline the application and certification process.
LEED Exams LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations Exam (LEED-NC) Verifies that an individual possesses the knowledge and skills necessary to participate in the design process to support and encourage the design integration required by LEED and to streamline the process. LEED for Existing Buildings Exam (LEED-EB) Verifies that an individual possesses the knowledge and skills necessary to support and encourage the operation, upgrade, and project-team integration required for implementation of LEED on existing building projects. LEED for Commercial Interiors Exam (LEED-CI) Verifies that an individual understands green commercial interior-design practices and principals and tests
an individuals familiarity with LEED-CI requirements, resources, and processes. The LEED accredited professionals who pass the LEED-CI exam track will help meet the growing demand from the private and public sectors for green commercial interiors. SECTION 1: Knowledge of LEED credit intents, requirements, submittals, and technologies SECTION 2: Coordination of project-team members to achieve LEED certification SECTION 3: Implementation of LEED process and knowledge of project tools and resources SECTION 4: Verification of LEED technical requirements and documentation Definitions Sustainable Design
Environmentally responsible design (ERD): Environmentally responsible design (ERD): A comprehensive perspective that addresses both the health and well-being of people in the built environment and the health and well-being of the global ecosystems that support life for both current and future generations. Sustainable development: An approach to progress that meets the needs of the
present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs(UN World Commission on Environment and Development 1987, 54). 1. Respect for the Wisdom of Natural Systems Sustainable design respects nature and natural systems; nature should be used as a mentor and model for design in a process Janine Benyus (2002) called biomimicry
BioMimicry Learning from nature to solve problems in design, business, and life. BIOMIMICRY IN ACTION BIOMIMICRY IN ACTION Weather Patterns is a permanent light installation created by loop.pH for York Art Gallery. It is an architectural intervention that aims to improve the building during day and night by combining traditional
surface decoration with modern display technologies which allow the building to communicate the changing weather cycles surrounding the Gallery in the hours of darkness. We created five weather-proof window units which emit light at night and allow sunlight to reflect during daytime. The units contain printed electroluminescence (EL) panels sandwiched between toughened glass and a mirror. A computer reads data from a dedicated weather station on site and uses this information to animate the printer EL pattern . BIOMIMICRY IN ACTION
BIOMIMICRY IN ACTION Light Sleeper is an illuminating, personalized alarm integrated into bedding that gently wakes in the most natural way. Ever since the beginning of time light has controlled our body clock telling us when to sleep and when to wake. As lifestyles are rapidly changing with increased travel and demands
on our time, people's natural body clocks are out of sync. This pillow and duvet simulates a natural dawn that eases you into your day. LightSleeper Bedding uses electroluminescent technology allowing traditional textile surfaces to become a reactive light source BIOMIMICRY IN ACTION
The bedding aims to treat sufferers of seasonal affective disorder (SAD) where insufficient levels of daylight cause medical conditions caused by a hormonal imbalance ranging from depression to loss of energy, pre-menstrual syndrome, weight gain and migraines. It is recognized by most scientists that SAD and other sleep/ mood disorders are linked to a shift in the circadian rhythm and often referred to as the body clock. It is recommended that a bright light stimulus is needed to reset the body clock everyday recognizing that this controls our daily sleep/ wake cycle and hormone functions. It uses signals from the sun and bright light to reset these functions, therefore in the winter months our bodies can receive these signals at the wrong time of day or not at all. By using a bright light, 10,000 lux, our bodies reset and the right hormones are released ensuring we feel active and energetic throughout the day with the need to sleep at night. Exposure to intense artificial light suppresses the secretion of the night time hormone melatonin, and may enhance the effectiveness of serotonin and other neurotransmitters
2. Respect for People Sustainable design endeavors to create healthy habitats for all people without diminishing the ability of nature to provide nourishing places for all of creation as well as for our own species in the future. 3. Respect for Place Sustainable design honors the differences that exist between
places, both on the macro level (e.g., with climate change and on the micro level (e.g., with biological differences). Buildings should respond to place in fundamental ways. 4. Respect for the Cycle of Life Sustainable design respects the natural cycle of life and
centers on the concept that in nature all waste products are useful to other organisms waste equals food. The goal is a safe environment for all people for all time (William McDonough). The choices made today will have consequences for all creatures yet to be born. 5. Respect for Energy and Natural Resources Sustainable design recognizes that all natural resources have intrinsic value in their natural state. Conservation and renewable resources are the canon of a finite world.
6. Respect for Process Sustainable design is more than the sum of the whole; to change the result, the process that leads to the result must change. Only through holistic thinking, collaboration, and
interdisciplinary communication can a sustainable future be built. Sustainability Air Pollution Indoor Air Quality (IAQ): ASHRAE defines acceptable indoor air quality as air in which there are no known contaminants at harmful
concentrations as determined by cognizant authorities and with which 80 percent or more people who are exposed express no dissatisfaction Air Pollution Sick Building Syndrome (SBS): A building whose occupants experience acute health and/or comfort affects (e.g., headache; runny nose; inflamed, itchy eyes; cough, etc) that appear to be linked to time spent therein but where no specific illness or cause
can be identified. Complaints may be localized in a particular room or zone or may be spread throughout the building; symptoms diminish or abate on leaving the building. Air Pollution Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs): Highly evaporative, carbon-based chemical substances that produce noxious fumes, found in many paints, caulks, stains, and adhesives. RESOURCES
THE CENTER FOR GREEN TECHNOLOGY: LOCATION: Chicago Center for Green Technology 445 N. Sacramento Blvd. Chicago, IL 60612 (312) 746-9642 [email protected] www.cityofchicago.org/Environment/ GreenTech/ RESOURCES
GREEN HOME CHICAGO LOCATION: showroom at: 213 N. Morgan Street #1D Chicago 60607 telephone: 312.432.9400 http://www.ghcdesigncenter.com/ RESOURCES USGBC LOCAL CHAPTER:
LOCATION: U.S. Green Building Council Chicago Chapter 222 Merchandise Mart Plaza, Suite 946 Chicago, IL 60654 (312) 245-8300; (f); (312) 245-8312 www.usgbc-chicago.org [email protected] http://www.usgbc-chicago.org/ Emerging Professionals RESIDENTIAL LEED - YANNELL
YANNELL RESIDENCE This home was deigned by, Farr Associates, one of the foremost specialists in sustainable architecture in the country. This single-family was designed to be both LEED-Platinum and Zero Energy. The goal of the project is to produce more energy over the course of a year than it demands. Innovations of the home include a
photovoltaic electric system, solar hot water, radiant heat, geothermal heat, rainwater harvesting, grey water reuse and a mass wall plenum that will actively and passively heat and cool the space year round YANNELL RESIDENCE INSTITUTIONAL LEED - CHICAGO CITY HALL ROOFTOP
The City Hall rooftop garden sits atop Chicago's City Hall, an 11-story office building in Chicago's Loop. City Hall and the adjacent Cook County building appear to most people as one building spanning a city block bounded by LaSalle, Randolph, Clark and Washington streets. First planted in 2000, the City Hall rooftop garden was conceived as a demonstration project - part
of the City's Urban Heat Island Initiative to test the benefits of green roofs and how they affect temperature and air quality. The garden consists of 20,000 plants of more than 100 species, including shrubs, vines and two trees. The plants were selected for their ability to thrive in the conditions on the roof, which is exposed to the sun and can be windy and arid. Most are prairie plants native to the Chicago region. CHICAGO CITY HALL ROOFTOP
Like all green roofs, the City Hall The rooftop garden mitigates the rooftop garden improves air quality, urban heat island effect by conserves energy, reduces storm replacing what was a black tar water runoff and helps lessen the roof with green plants. The urban heat island effect. The garden's garden absorbs less heat from plants reflect heat, provide shade and
the sun than the tar roof, keeping help cool the surrounding air through City Hall cooler in summer and evapo-transpiration, which occurs requiring less energy for air when plants secrete or "transpire" water through pores in their leaves. conditioning. The garden also The water draws heat as it evaporates, absorbs and uses rain water. It cooling the air in the process. Plants
can retain 75% of a 1 inch rainfall also filter the air, which improves air before there is storm water quality by using excess carbon dioxide runoff into the sewers. to produce oxygen RETAIL LEED - FILTER COFFEE CAF Green Strategies LEED CI Gold
Daylighting, exposed brick, concrete floors, water reduction, lighting reduction, energy star appliances, located near public transportation and
bike parking. Reuse: slate tiles from the roof as wall tiles in bath room Reuse: glass block from exterior as countertop material Reclaimed: barn wood flooring through out the space on vertical surfaces Reclaimed :doors from another project as a functional and decorative mosaic wall Reuse: door knobs as coat hooks
throughout COMMERCIAL LEED Hotel Felix, Chicago's first hotel designed to achieve a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Silver rating from the U.S. Green Building Council. COMMERCIAL LEED FELIX HOTEL
Originally designed in 1926, the former Hotel Wacker has given way to the redeveloped Hotel Felix. Eco-friendly boutique hotel with efficiencies and key design elements inspired by natural elements, while
lessening environmental impact. Additionally, the 12-story eco-friendly boutique hotel features a lobby bar overlooking a quiet neighborhood, an Asha wellness spa, three small conference rooms, and comfortable guest rooms with sophisticated details and outfitted with top-of-the-line technology. COMMERCIAL LEED FELIX HOTEL
COMMERCIAL LEED FELIX HOTEL Guestrooms come equipped with bathrobes, safes, coffeemakers, irons/ironing boards, wireless Internet access, daily newspaper delivery, data ports, desks/workspace, voicemail, hairdryers, pay-perview movies, television and clock radios. The Hotel Felix Chicago also offers a full-service Italian restaurant, serving breakfast, lunch and dinner. An upscale design that is warm, clean, and contemporary, where
guests can feel environmentally responsible and not sacrifice any luxury in doing so. The hotel's LEED-related features include in-room motion sensors to control the thermostat, allowing the heating and cooling to automatically adjust based upon the guests use of the room, installation of recycled products in everything from artwork to fabrics and surfaces, flooring and
wall coverings. Organic materials, renewable resources, and energy efficient plumbing, heating and air conditioning add to the benefits. Recycled materials, low-emitting paints, carpets, and a green cleaning program are used. COMMERCIAL LEED FELIX HOTEL The basement, designed to contain the
hotel offices, a new data center, and laundry facilities for the hotel, was transformed with the addition of an employee lounge equipped with locker rooms and showers. Bike storage is provided in the basement for employees who ride to work, and a recycling room was also provided to support the hotels extensive recycling program. Ancillary benefits that helped this property meet LEED certifications include the close proximity to public transportation so
employees and guests can choose alternative methods of arrival and departure. Hotel guests arriving in a hybrid auto receive complimentary valet parking. COMMERCIAL LEED FELIX HOTEL COMMERCIAL LEED FELIX HOTEL GREEN PRODUCT CERTIFICATIONS http://green.wikia.com/wiki/Certification_of_G
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