LEGO Mindstorms Hitachi H8-based RCX brick

LEGO Mindstorms Hitachi H8-based RCX brick

History of Robotics A Long Time Ago, Before LEGOs 400 B.C. Philosopher and

mathematician Archytas of Tarentum built a wooden dove that could flap its wings and fly.

1533 In his laboratory at Nuremburg, scholar Johann Mller, is reputed to have created an iron fly and an artificial

eagle, both of which could take to the air. 1737 Vaucanson creates a mechanical musician that can play 11 different tunes.

He also creates an automatic duck that can drink, eat, paddle in water, digest and excrete like a real duck. The Duck

1920 Czechoslovakian playwright Karel Capek introduces the word robot in the play R.U.R. Rossum's Universal Robots. The word

comes from the Czech robota, which means tedious labor. 1938 The first programmable paintspraying mechanism is

designed by Americans Willard Pollard and Harold Roselund for the DeVilbiss Company. 1940s Grey Walter's "Elsie the tortoise "

("Machina speculatrix") 40s Cont. General Electric Walking Truck. A human controlled the stepping of this robot by pushing pedals with his feet. The complicated coordination of

movements within a leg and between different legs during stepping was controlled by a computer Walking Truck 1942

Isaac Asimov publishes Runaround, in which he defines the Three Laws of Robotics. 1943 Colossus, the world's first electronic

computer, is built in Britain by a team of mathematicians, electrical engineers and intelligence agents to crack Nazi codes.

1946 Emergence of the computer: J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly build the ENIAC at the University of Pennsylvania - the first electronic computer At MIT, Whirlwind, the first digital

general purpose computer, solves its first problem. Eniac and Whirlwind 1954 George Devol designs the first

programmable robot and coins the term Universal Automation, planting the seed for the name of his future company Unimation. 1959 Marvin Minsky and John

McCarthy establish the Articifical Intelligence Laboratory at MIT. 1962 General Motors purchases the first industrial robot from

Unimation and installs it on a production line. This manipulator is the first of many Unimates to be deployed. 1963 John McCarthy heads up the

new Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at Stanford University. 1964 Artificial intelligence research laboratories are opened at

M.I.T., Stanford Research Institute (SRI), Stanford University, and the University of Edinburgh. 1967 Japan imports the Versatran robot

from AMF (the first robot imported into Japan). 1968 SRI builds Shakey, a mobile robot with vision

capability, controlled by a computer the size of a room. 1973 Cincinnati Milacron releases the

T3, the first commercially available minicomputercontrolled industrial robot (designed by Richard Hohn). 1976 Robot arms are used on Viking 1

and 2 space probes. Vicarm Inc. incorporates a microcomputer into the Vicarm design.

1977 ASEA, a European robot company, offers two sizes of electric powered industrial robots. Both robots use a microcomputer controller for programming and operation.

1978 Brooks Automation founded 1981 Cognex founded. CRS Robotics Corp. founded.

1983 Adept Technology founded. 1989 Computer Motion founded. Barrett Technology founded

1993 Sensable Technologies founded. 1994 CMU Robotics Institute's Dante II

, a six-legged walking robot, explores the Mt. Spurr volcano in Alaska to sample volcanic gases.

1995 Intuitive Surgical formed by Fred Moll, Rob Younge and John Freud to design and market surgical robotic systems. Founding technology based on the work at SRI, IBM and MIT

1997 NASA's Mars PathFinder mission captures the eyes and imagination of the world as PathFinder lands on Mars and the Sojourner rover robot sends back images of its travels on the distant planet.

1997 Honda showcases the P3, the 8th prototype in a humanoid design project started in 1986. 2000

Honda showcases Asimo, the next generation of its series of humanoid robots. Sony unveils humanoid robots, dubbed Sony Dream Robots (SDR), at Robodex.

2001 Sony releases the second generation of its Aibo robot dog. Generations of Honda

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