Linguistics - Islamic University of Gaza

Linguistics - Islamic University of Gaza

Linguistics Class 2 What is linguistics? Linguistics is defined as the scientific

study of language and its structure. It covers the study of syntax, semantics, phonetics, morphology and lexicology. Branches of linguistics include sociolinguistics,

dialectology, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics and comparative linguistics. Scientific

Scientific study means studying the language as we study chemistry and physics without prejudice (opinion that is not based on reason). Hypothesis

Adjectives always come before nouns. A new car. Testing The car is new.

Adjectives in English 1. Attributive = they come before the noun Example: New car New student

Beautiful dress Old book Best place 2. Predicative: come after the noun The car is new.

The dress is beautiful The book is old The place is the best Language What do we mean by language?

How do you define language? What is language? 1. Set of signals by which we communicate. 2. A method of human communication, either spoken or written. It consists of using words

in a structured and conventional way. 3. A system of communication used by a particular country or community. How does human language differ from animal communication?

Human language is flexible, complex and productive. It can be expressed in writing. Human languages

are arbitrary (unpredictable).

is water in English, maim in Hebrew. In terms of structure /

I am a student. Thank you

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