Literary Terms - Ms. Barath's Classroom

Literary Terms - Ms. Barath's Classroom

Literary Terms Into the Wild Autobiography A persons account of his or her own life.

SkBgwQ An account of a persons life written by another person. EPIGRAPH A quotation set at the beginning of a literary work that serves to round

out or complete the design of work. In Into The Wild, each chapter begins with a short epigraph (a quotation that is relevant to that chapter). ANECDOTE

a short account of a particular incident or event, especially of an interesting or amusing nature. CHARACTERIZATION Characterization is the device used by an author to develop a character through (1) what that character says and does, (2) what other people in the story say about

him/her and how they react to him/ her, and (3) what the author reveals directly or through a narrator. THEME The authors message or underlying purpose in writing a story, novel, or play. The author

reveals a truth or offers a commentary about life or about people. Usually the theme is implied, never stated directly. INTO THE WILD THEMES The allure of the wilderness

Forgiveness Ultimate Freedom Valuing Principles over People The Elusiveness of Identity The Father-Son relationship SYMBOLISM The practice of using an object to represent a belief, idea, superstition, or

an institution. Many objects in our society are said to be symbolic. A rabbits foot, for instance symbolizes good luck. A dove symbolizes peace, a hawkwar, skull and crossbonespoison, and an eagle symbolizes the United States Government.

SYMBOLISM In the world Of Mice and Men describes, Candys dog represents the fate awaiting anyone who has outlived his or her

purpose. CONFLICT Conflict is the struggle

between two opposing forces; this struggle forms the basis for the plot. Person vs. Person Person vs. Self Person vs. Nature Person vs. Society

PLOT Like the steel beams of a building, the plot supports everything else in literature. The plot is concerned only action, not with character setting, theme or any other element. The plot or action moves the story along a path.

TONE The emotional attitude toward the reader or toward the subject implied by a literary work. Examples of different tones may include, playful, ironic, sarcastic, serious and sincere.

SETTING In literature, the setting consists of the time and the place of the action. The setting helps control mood; it also has impact on dialogue and character.

IMAGERY Imagery includes the "mental pictures" that readers experience with a passage of literature. It signifies all the sensory perceptions referred to by the writer. Imagery is not limited to visual imagery; it also includes auditory (sound), tactile (touch), thermal (heat and cold), olfactory

(smell), gustatory (taste), and kinesthetic sensation (movement). IMAGERY IN OF MICE AND MEN "...So he reaches out to feel this red dress an' the girl lets out a squawk, and that gets Lennie all mixed up, and he holds on 'cause that's the only thing he

can think to do" (Steinbeck 41). IMAGERY METAPHOR OR SIMILE? SIMILE comparing two unlike things, using like or as

METEPHO R an implied comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something

important in common. PERSONIFICATION the practice of attaching human traits and characteristics

with inanimate objects, phenomena and animals. ALLITERATION use of similar consonants: a poetic or literary effect achieved by using several

words that begin with the same or similar consonants ALLITERATION ALLUSION reference in literature to a person, place, event, or another passage of

literature, often without explicit identification. Allusions can originate in mythology, biblical references, historical events, legends, geography, or earlier literary works ALLUSION FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE IN

POPULAR SONG LYRICS: http:// opoeia+examples+songs&qpvt=onomat opoeia+examples+songs&FORM=VDRE #view=detail&mid=7CDE6003EB8FDA 4A70DB7CDE6003EB8FDA4A70DB ONOMATOPEIA

the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g.,cuckoo, si zzle ) VERBAL IRONY

A contradiction of expectation between what is said and what is meant http:// &FORM=HDRSC3#view=detail&mid=EDADA4C0 26777DF1F154EDADA4C026777DF1F154

DRAMATIC (OR TRAGIC) IRONY It occurs when the audience is aware of something that the characters in the story are not aware of. This is the result of the reader having a greater knowledge than the characters themselves. +IRONY&qs=n&form=QBVR&pq=dramatic+iron

y&sc=8-14&sp=-1&sk=# view=detail&mid=64BBAC579C0DB2837FFF64B BAC579C0DB2837FFF SITUATIONAL IRONY It involves a discrepancy between what is expected to happen and what actually happens AL+IRONY+HORROR&qs=n&form=QBVR&pq=si tuational+irony+horror&sc=0-20&sp=-1&sk=# view=detail&mid=BC22CC0536D41C19A6AABC2 2CC0536D41C19A6AA IMPRACTICAL JOKERS Look for the situational and dramatic irony.

view=detail&mid=9F98EDC0EDE3B316A6279F98EDC0EDE3B316A627 view=detail&mid=ECAE46CC651655E98125ECAE46CC651655E98125 FORESHADOWING Suggesting, hinting, indicating, or showing what will occur later in a narrative. Foreshadowing

often provides hints about what will happen next. FORESHADOWING In John Steinbeck novel Of Mice and Men, the George killing Candys dog foreshadows Candy killing Lennie because Candy is identical to George and Lennie to the dog. Even death of the

dog was the same as Lennies as both were shot in the back of the head. Candy tells George, I ought to of shot that dog myself. He chooses to kill Lennie himself in order to save him from being killed by a stranger. LOCAL COLOR

Details and descriptions common to a certain place. POINT OF VIEW The position or vantage point, determined by the author, from which

the story seems to come to the reader.

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