Literature and Composition - Central Bucks School District
Monday, January 30, 2017 Agenda: Review of Literature and Composition Chapter 2 (Literary Terms) Homework: Literary Terms Quiz Monday, February 6th
Summer Reading Assessment Wednesday, February 15th Todays goal: To start noticing To become just a bit more observant What I noticed:
Call it a day, I wish they might have said this makes me think that something bad is going to happen. (Foreshadowing) Rueful laugh rueful=regret. Thats an odd combination with the word laugh. The saw leaped out of the boys hand. This is personification. This suggests that it wasnt an accident. Juxtaposition: the beautiful Vermont background vs. the gruesome
event. This suggests that maybe nature has two sides. Allusion to Macbeth Out, out, brief candle in reference to the brevity of life. And that ended it. It ends abruptly and coldly. The tone is cold and detached. Literature and
Composition Chapter Two Close Reading Literary Terms Quiz Monday, February 6th Format: Matching
Why??? Being able to identify different elements of style (literary devices) is the first step in being able to uncover the layers of meaning behind a surface understanding.
Oh, thats a simile! Now, what is it trying to convey? Allusion Reference to another work of literature or art, history, or current event.
Archetype An original model or pattern. Example: the tragic hero, the temptress, unhealable wound, etc. Often includes a symbol, theme, setting, or character that has common meaning in a culture or all of the human race.
Characterization The method by which an author builds or reveals a characters character. Antagonist vs. Protagonist Protagonist = main character
Antagonist =the character that opposes the main character Foil A contrasting character who allows the protagonist to stand out more distinctly.
Static vs. Dynamic Static character embodies 1 or 2 traits and lacks development Dynamic a character that exhibits a range of emotions/traits and evolves over the course of the story.
Diction (word choice) Connotation meanings/associations readers have with a word beyond the dictionary definition. Denotation dictionary definition
Figurative Language Figurative language = language that is not literal. It is used to express complex ideas and emotions. Analogy
A comparison that helps a writer explain something in other terms. EXAMPLE: There is Mr. Marblehalls ancestral home. Its not so wonderfully large it has only four columns but you always look toward, the way you always glance into tunnels and see nothing.
Hyperbole Deliberate exaggeration/overstatement Example: Her beauty could end wars. Metaphor A complex comparison that implies that one thing is another thing.
EXAMPLE: Gatsby is a little tiny boat, paddling against the current in the closing lines of The Great Gatsby Paradox A statement that seems contradictory but
actually is not. Example: Without laws, we would have no freedom. We fight wars for peace. Personification Giving inanimate things human
characteristics Example: The saw that understand supper and leaped out of the boys hands. Understatement Framing something as less important for satiric or
comic effect. To make light of something for a purpose. EXAMPLE: The graves a fine and private place,/ But none, I think, do there embrace. Irony
Dramatic Irony tension between what a character says or thinks and what the audience knows to be true. Situational Irony the discrepancy between what you would expect and what actually happens. The opposite of what youd think. Example: police stations gets robbed
Verbal Irony Sarcasm. Saying one thing, but meaning the opposite. Foreshadowing Future events are hinted at. Imagery
Language that appeals to the senses. Not just eyes! Descriptions of how something looks, tastes, feels, sounds, smells that helps readers experience what they read. I will speak daggers to her but use none! -Hamlet Juxtaposition
Arranging two things side by side for contrast, suspense, or character development. Example: To be, or not to be. Mood The feeling the READER gets. It might be
generated by tone, setting, or style. Point of View First person I (uses the pronoun) Second person You. Rare. It casts the reader as a character.
Third person limited omniscient He/she. Knows thoughts of one character. Third person omniscient He/she. Knows the thoughts of all characters. Satire
Humor used to critique bad qualities, society, government or an individual. A Modest Proposal John Oliver The Onion Style
They way a literary work is written. Style is produced by the authors choices. Literary devices are elements of style. Symbol Something that carries more than its literal
meaning. It represents something more significant. Theme THE MEssage A central idea or statement that unifies and controls an entire literary work.
Usually it is implied and we have to develop it into words. Avoids works like everyone and always because it might not be true for everyone and forever. Example: Living a life with a strict routine and little joy can cause a person to feel less human. Can you think of a theme from Beauty and the Beast?
Tone The SPEAKERS attitude as exposed through stylistic choices.
Usually described in one word. Not to be confused with MOOD! It creates the emotional coloring of a work. Tone of Out, Out-- : matter-of-fact, cold
Practice: Love Sonnets Can you identify any of the literary terms we just reviewed? My mistress eyes Can you apply TWO literary terms to this poem?
By the way dun=dull belie=misrepresent Just curious Do you detect a shift in tone at a certain point in the poem? Why do you think the speaker chose to highlight his
mistresss shortcomings? My ugly love Find TWO places in the poem where you can apply a literary term. My ugly love
How would you describe the imagery? Just curious How does the juxtaposition of the womans beauty and ugliness affect your understanding of the speakers love? Why do you think he put the line Love, Ive made an
inventory of your body where he did? Why not at the beginning? Common Theme Remember: A theme is the central idea or statement that unifies and
controls an entire literary work. Usually it is implied and we have to develop it into words. Write it down! Why do these poems matter?
What are the big ideas the poets want us to consider? Why would someone write poems like these? Summer Reading Assessment Wednesday, February 15th
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