Load Cells - Santa Rosa Junior College

Load Cells - Santa Rosa Junior College

Load Cells Leann Armbrust Travis Wyatt SRJC, Engr 45 Fall 2010 What is a Load Cell? A load cell is a transducer that is used to convert a force into electrical signal. The most common type is a strain gauge load cell. Strain Gauge What Is It? A Strain Gauge is a device used to measure the strain of an object. The most common type of strain gauge consists of an insulating flexible backing which supports a

metallic foil pattern. Strain Gauge Resistance l R A = Strain Gauge under tension.Resistance goes up. Strain Gauge under compression.Resistance goes down. Strain Gauge How Does It Work? The gauge is attached to the object by a suitable adhesive. As the object is deformed, the foil is deformed, causing its electrical

resistance to change. The resistance change is commonly measured using a Wheatstone bridge. Wheatstone Bridge What Is It? A Wheatstone Bridge is an electrical circuit. Used in a load cell to measure an overall change in resistance. Increases sensitivity and reduces the affects of temperature. R1 + V EX -

R4 V0 R2 R3 Wheatstone Bridge How Does It Work? R1 + V EX - R4 V0 R2 R3 Load Cells

Compensation for Error Hysteresis Effects reduced by material selection. Creep Adhesive and geometry of gauge. Temperature Wheatstone bridge, additional temperature sensitive resistors in series with the bridge. Load Cells Applications Scales Weighbridge Force Gauges Torque Gauges Load Cells Types

Button Canister S Type Shear Beam Load Cell Comparison Strain Gauge Load Cells Load Cell Weight Type Range Bending Beam Shear Beam Canister 10-5k lbs

10-5k lbs to 500k lbs Ring & Pancake 5-500k lbs Button & 0-50k lbs 0-200lbs Accura cy Apps Strength Weaknes s

0.03% Tanks, platform scales Low cost, Simples construction Strain gages exposed 0.03% tanks, platform Better sealing scales,offand protection center loads 0.05%

Truck, tank, track, hopper scales Handles load movement No horizontal load protection Tanks, bins, scales All stainless steel No load movement allowed

Small Loads must 1% Small scales Load Cell Comparison Cont. Mechanical & Other Load Cells Load Cell Weight Type Range Hydraulic Pneumati c Helical Fiber Optic Piezo- Up to

10,000,000 lbs Wide 0-40k lbs Accura cy Apps Strength Weaknes s 0.25% Tanks, bins, & hoppers Takes high

impacts, insensitive to temp Expensive complex High food industry, hazardous areas 0.2% Platform, Handles off-axis forklift, loads, overloads wheel load 0.1%

Electrical Immune to RFI/ transmission EMI cables Slow response. Intrinsically safe Require clean, dry air Extremely sensitive, high High cost, Acknowledgement Special Thanks To:

Michael Wyatt, Mechanical Engineer and Load Cell Specialist for providing demo Load Cell equipment and expertise. References General Info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Load_cell Weighbridge: http://floorscale.com.cn/cheap-weighbridge/ Digital Scale: http://www.scales-n-tools.com/ Digital Torque Wrench: http://tohnichi.files.wordpress.com/2010/04/tohnichi-digitaltorque-wrench Load Cell Comparisons: http://www.omega.com/prodinfo/loadcells.html Pictures of Load Cells: Shear: http://www.process-controls.com/intertechnology/Revere_Transducers/images/ SSB.gif Beam: http://www.tradeindia.com/selloffer/1616481/Bending-Beam-Load-Cell.html S-Type: http://metrology.burtini.ca/img/stype.jpg Button: http://www.appmeas.co.uk/images/cdf-80x80.jpg Canister: http://www.omega.co.uk/literature/transactions/volume3/images/loadpic3.jpg Compression/Tension: http://www.ishida.com/technologies/loadcell/html.html Voltage Equation: http://zone.ni.com/devzone/cda/tut/p/id/3642 Resistivity Equation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Resistivity

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