Long history of working to better understand Dual Status Youth

Long history of working to better understand Dual Status Youth

Dual Status Youth -Challenges & Opportunities 13th Hon. Tarita Dunbar Family Court Judge Judicial Circuit, South Carolina Hon. Sheri Roberts Presiding Judge Newton County Juvenile Court, Georgia February 2018 Here in America today, perhaps the clearest mirror of our performance,

the truest measure of whether we live up to our ideals, is our youth. 02/23/2020 The NCJFCJ seeks to improve the standards, practices, and effectiveness of the nations juvenile, family, and tribal courts while upholding victims rights, and the safety of all family members and communities. In 2017, the NCJFCJ trained 70 South Carolina justice system professionals. The NCJFCJs research division, the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ), is a resource for independent and original research on topics related to the filed of juvenile justice.

www.NCJFCJ.org Long history of working to better understand Dual Status Youth Arizona Arizona Dual Dual Jurisdiction Jurisdiction Study Study (2002) (2002) Middlesex Middlesex Vicinage, Vicinage, NJ NJ Dual

Dual System System Collaboration/Integration Collaboration/Integration Project Project (2012-2013) (2012-2013) Dual Status Youth Initiative - Development Initial Grant - Raised awareness of the relationship and trajectory (2000) Created a Framework for multi-system coordination

Site-based practice reform beginning in 2003 Guidebook developed in 2003, revised in 2008 OJJDP/MacArthur supported DSY Initiative Round One launched (2011)

Revised Guidebook; Developed Dual Status Youth - Technical Assistance Workbook (2013) OJJDP/MacArthur supported DSY Initiative Round Two launched (2014) 02/23/2020 5 DUAL STATUS YOUTH INITIATIVE Indiana State of Arizona

Marion County California Los Angeles County Santa Clara County El Dorado County Massachusetts Connecticut Minnesota Essex County Hampden County

Connecticut Judicial Branch, Court Support Services Division Beltrami County White Earth Indian Nation Georgia New Jersey Newton County Fulton County Middlesex County

Hall County Washington Clark County King County Spokane County Illinois Cook County DuPage County Ogle County Wisconsin Outagamie County 02/23/2020

6 Dual Status Youth Initiative - Activities Practice Network Site-based personnel convening to highlight advances in reform, identify innovations, engage new sites, and explore legislative opportunities Technical Assistance / Consultation Provide support for local & state jurisdictions using proven frameworks, tools, and resources Training On-site in jurisdictions to allow for full multi-system participation Publications - Effective Approaches to Secure Education / Schools as Multi-System Reform Partner; Trauma and DSY; Data Planning in DSY Initiatives; Creating Cross-system Culture Change Symposium 2016 in Boston; next in 2019 02/23/2020

7 Dual Status Youth Framework Guidebook for Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare System Coordination and Integration: Framework for Improved Outcomes www.rfknrcjj.org Dual Status Youth Technical Assistance Workbook www.rfknrcjj.org 02/23/2020

8 What Doesnt Work Working in Silos Costly and Ineffectiv e Respons es Poor Outcome

s What Does Work Routine identification of dual status youth Individualized outcomes Validated screening and assessment instruments Alternatives to formal

processing at earliest opportunity and key decision points Engagement of families Joint assessment process across systems (includes families)

Coordinated: case planning court processes case management Focus on family stability, placement stability, and community connections

One family, One Judge Family focused & Childcentered Terminology Dually-Identified Youth Dually-Involved Youth Dually-Adjudicated Youth 11

Target Population Whats the big deal about dual status youth? Outcomes and Experiences Youth in foster care begin offending earlier, spend more time incarcerated, and commit a greater number of offenses than youth not in foster care. (Yang, 2017) Dual status youth have higher rates of recidivism (Lee & Villagrana, 2015) Dual status youth are detained more often; and for longer periods of time. (Conger & Ross, 2001; Halemba & Siegel, 2011) Dual status youth experience negative outcomes related to permanency, with significant numbers of placement

changes and AWOL episodes. (Halemba & Siegel 2011) Dual status youth are more likely than youth in just one system to experience a jail stay, lack of education and employment in young adulthood. (Center for Innovation through Data Intelligence, 2015) IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER These outcomes are neither inevitable nor deterministic How it works Getting started FOUR PHASE PROCESS I.

MOBILIZATION / ADVOCACY II. STUDY & ANALYSIS - Data Collection, Mgmt., & Performance Measurement - Resources and Practice - Law, Policy, and Information Sharing III. ACTION STRATEGY IV. IMPLEMENTATION STRUCTURE & GOVERNANCE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE Legal & Policy Analysis Subcommittee

Governance & Decision-Making Oversight & Mgmt. of Subcommittees 3. Law, Policy & Information Sharing Subcommittee 3. 1. 1. Data Collection, Management, & Performance

Measurement Subcommittee 2. 2. Resources & Practices Subcommittee Important Areas of Examination and Analysis Collaboration & Infrastructure (Executive) Judicial Leadership Adolescent Development (Executive & Practices and Resources) Data Collection, Management and Performance Measurement (Data) Process Mapping (Practices & Resources) Risks-Needs-Responsivity Structured Decision Making

(Practices & Resources) Coordinated Case Planning & Management (Practices & Resources) Information Sharing (Law & Policy) Trauma (Practices & Resources) Family Engagement (Practices & Resources) Implementation & Sustainability (Executive & Data) Data sharing is easier for integrated & centralized agencies Data Collection & Management 5 critical data elements Youths status in each system (active/not, adjudicated/not) Whether the youth was securely detained by the juvenile justice system (yes/no)

The youths current placement (home/relatives/CW placement/JJ placement) JJ initial disposition (release/placement/probation/other sanctions) & CW dispositions (reunification/adoption/other placement) Key dates (referral/petition/adjudication/disposition/case closure) Newton County, Georgia MacArthur/RFK Models for Change: Systems Reform in Juvenile Justice Initiative Target Population Definition Pathways 1 & 2:*

Youth with a Juvenile Court referral for any status offense or for child molestation, sexual battery or sodomy charges Who have (or had) an open DFCS case within 5 years of Court referral, including cases that were unsubstantiated AND * Only have access to DFCS data back to June, 2008 Pathway 3:* Youth with a Juvenile Court referral for any status offense or for child molestation, sexual battery or sodomy charges Who have an open DFCS case at the time of Pre-Disposition/Adjudication * Will not capture all youth entering on Pathway 3, but those we can hope to impact

AND LIPT as a Targeted Intervention The LIPT meeting is a solution-focused targeted intervention to ensure that the youth receives individualized, family-driven, strength-based, culturally competent collaborative community-based care, resources and supports at the earliest possible opportunity. This targeted intervention is designed to reduce out-of-home placements and further involvement in the juvenile justice and child welfare systems.

DESIRED OUTCOMES: Findings Reduce recidivism Improve family functioning Reduce out-ofhome placement Improve behavioral health Recommendations Increase individual competencies Improve educational performance Increase pro-social bonds System(s) performance enhancement Action

Strategy 02/23/2020 Implementation 22 Desired Outcomes Newton County, Georgia MacArthur/RFK Models for Change: Systems Reform in Juvenile Justice Initiative Desired Outcomes

Reduce Juvenile Justice Involvement Lower Recidivism Prevent deeper delinquency involvement + fewer youth reoffending Reduce Child Welfare Involvement

Improve family function Increase placement stability + more youth diverted + fewer new DFCS referrals + fewer out-of-home placements + fewer changes in placement

Reduce Detention Fewer youth detained Fewer days in detention + fewer days in foster care Increase Youth Competency &

Enhance Connection to Community More youth in sports & recreation activities Improve School Outcomes More youth in mentoring programs Fewer absences

Increase school engagement & tutoring Fewer discipline referrals & suspensions More youth as community service volunteers Progress toward graduation/GED The South Carolina Story

What do we know now? Will the Dual Status Youth framework help our kids? From the Department of Juvenile Justices 2016 Report Card From the Department of Juvenile Justices 2016 Report Card From the SC Committee on Children 2017 Annual Report 30,519 children were the subject of a child abuse or neglect investigation (2015) 3,985 children lived in foster care for some period of time (2016) 15,429 juvenile delinquency cases were referred to the

Department of Juvenile Justice (2016) 26,039 children received mental health treatment (2016) 4,763 children were in treatment for drug or alcohol abuse (2016) Disturbing School Laws A crime to interfere with or to disturb in any way or in any place the students or teachers of any school or college, to loiter about such school or college premises or to act in an obnoxious manner thereon. Civil Rights Division of the United States Department of Justice noting, the criminalization of everyday and ordinary childhood behavior under imprecise statutes can have disastrous and discriminatory

consequences. Disturbing School Laws 8th most common charge resulting in juvenile detention in South Carolina in 2015-2016 2nd most common juvenile charge referred to the solicitors office, accounting for 9% of all such 2015-2016 referrals From the South Carolina Department of Juvenile Justices Annual Statistical Report for Fiscal Year 2015-2016 Disturbing Schools Truancy

Ten Most Frequent Offenses Associated with Juvenile Cases to the Solicitor FY 2015/2016 Dual status youth efforts in SC From the Childrens Law Center (CLC) Multi-Agency Team (MAT) Project 2010 Juveniles who were currently in out-of-home placement or were in the community but at elevated risk for secure detention, probation violations, removal from school, commitment, or other out-ofhome placement. Children defined as at risk were those who are not following their probation/parole guidelines or who were exhibiting behavioral problems at school; Juveniles who were receiving services from another

agency in addition to DJJ or appeared to have unmet needs that could be addressed through services of another agency. From the Childrens Law Center (CLC) Multi-Agency Team (MAT) Project 2010 From the Childrens Law Center (CLC) Multi-Agency Team (MAT) Project 2010 From the Childrens Law Center (CLC) Multi-Agency Team (MAT) Project 2010 A DJJ study (Trotti, 2006) of 12,610 juveniles born in 1981 who had involvement with the juvenile justice system: 1 in 4 received Department of Mental Health (DMH)

treatment at some time in their childhood. Committed juveniles were nearly 3 times more likely to have received DMH services than those never committed. During the MAT Project, the agency with the highest rate of common clients with DJJ was DMH. From the Childrens Law Center (CLC) Multi-Agency Team (MAT) Project 2010 A DJJ study (Trotti, 2006) of 12,610 juveniles born in 1981 who had involvement with the juvenile justice system: 1 in 16 of these children had been placed into DSS foster care at some time in their childhood. Juveniles with 2 or more DJJ referrals were 3 times

more likely to have a prior DSS foster care placement than those with only 1 DJJ referral. Committed juveniles were nearly 3 times more likely to have a prior DSS foster care placement than those never committed. From the Childrens Law Center (CLC) Multi-Agency Team (MAT) Project 2010 DJJs school for committed juveniles has 4 times as many special education students compared with the state as a whole. More than 30% of the juveniles committed to DJJ are designated special education students though South Carolinas average is only 8%.

From the Childrens Law Center (CLC) Multi-Agency Team (MAT) Project 2010 From the Childrens Law Center (CLC) Multi-Agency Team (MAT) Project 2010 From the Childrens Law Center (CLC) Multi-Agency Team (MAT) Project 2010 From the Childrens Law Center (CLC) Multi-Agency Team (MAT) Project 2010 From the Childrens Law Center (CLC) Multi-Agency Team (MAT) Project 2010 The MAT Project collected feedback from participants on the effectiveness of multi-agency meetings. Participants

consistently identified the following components of these meetings as beneficial and instrumental in creating a positive atmosphere: Advanced notice of meetings Clear agenda Clear schedule which was followed Perceived equality among participants Use of facilitator for focused and organized meetings More NCJFCJ Resources Project ONE - http://www.ncjfcj.org/our-work/project-one Training and TA - http:// www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/daysonthehill/2018/onepagers/Training_an

d_TA-FNL-2-2018.pdf School-Justice Partnership - https://www.schooljusticepartnership.org/ Resolutions: Addressing the Needs of Homeless Youth and Families in Juvenile and Family Courts http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/Fnl_Adopted%20Homelessness %20Resolution_7-2017.pdf Regarding Juvenile Probation and Adolescent Development http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/Fnl_AdoptedProbationPolicyResol ution_7-2017_1.pdf Regarding Judicial Training on Adolescent Brain Development http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/FINALResolution_AdolBrainDevel _7-2016_0.pdf Regarding Trauma-Informed Juvenile and Family Courts http://www.ncjfcj.org/sites/default/files/Resolution%20Trauma%20Infor med%20Courts_July2015.pdf

13th Hon. Tarita Dunbar Family Court Judge Judicial Circuit, South Carolina [email protected] Hon. Sheri Roberts Presiding Judge Newton County Juvenile Court, Georgia [email protected] 02/23/2020

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