Lord of the Flies by William Golding - Mrs. Leone's English Class

Lord of the Flies by William Golding - Mrs. Leone's English Class

Lord of the Flies by William Golding an introduction William Golding and LOTF what did you find out? William Golding

1911-1993 Studied science and English at Oxford Navy in WWII Invaded the beaches of Normandy on D-Day Booker Prize 1980 Nobel Prize for

Literature in 1983 Teacher and writer Goldings World

WWII 1939-1945 The fall of France to Nazi Germany in 1940 Aryan superiority Britain feared invasion and evacuated children to other countries 1940-a German U-Boat torpedoed a British ship carrying children to safety, all children were killed and the evacuation program was suspended. Classroom debate was inspiration Lord of the Flies

Setting: a deserted island thought to be located in the South Pacific Time period: during a fictitious nuclear war Context: the boys are being

flown out of their country to protect them from the horrors of war and their plane crashed on an island, all of the adults are killed and the boys must fend for themselves Published in 1954: What had been/was going on in the world around this time? The Title:

Lord of the Flies Beelzebub Comes from the Greek word meaning lord of the flies or host of the flies Also a synonym of Satan or the devil Thoughts on the title of this book? Genre

Utopia Dystopia any visionary system of political or social perfection a society characterized by human misery The Coral Island by R.M. Ballantyne

1857 Main characters are Jack, Ralph, Peterkin and Simon A group of boys get stranded on a deserted

island and they all live happily ever after Very popular adventure story in England most children and adults would still be very familiar with it today Golding was not a fan

Europe can better the world through conquering it and forcing Christianity upon everyone book Golding read it when he was a wee boy, considered it racist, and fashioned Lord of the Flies so that it would function as a screw you to Ballantyne While the boys in The Coral Island encounter evil primitives (read: natives) and find a happy ending by

burning the false Gods of the inhabitants, the boys in Lord of the Flies, the white boys, realize that they are evil themselves Golding argues that darkness is internal and inherent, not something you can attribute solely to those with a different skin color than you Themes

Primitivity Innocence Rules and Order Fear Power Identity Religion

Wisdom and Knowledge Good vs. Evil The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature. ~William Golding Symbols

The Conch The Fire Piggys Glasses Hunting The Beastie

The Lord of the Flies Hair Wounds Clothing The Characters Flies What are some characteristics of flies? Why do you think this is important? Allegory

This book is an allegory. The Big Massive Allegory Before we get down to the details, we should address the fact that

Lord of the Flies is one big allegory. Symbols aside, the boys as a whole can represent humanity as a whole. You can see where the pieces fall from there; the island is then the entire world, the boys rules become the worlds varying governments, two tribes are two countries, and so on. The boys fighting is then equivalent to a war. The only time we pull out of the allegory is at the very end of the novel, when the other real world breaks through the imaginary barrier around the island. Yet this is also the moment when the real message of the allegory hits home, when we can ask ourselves that chilling question, But who will rescue the grown-ups? Symbolism

Allegory is what makes it difficult Also what makes it such a classic Characters Ralph Jack

Piggy Simon Sam & Eric (Samneric) Roger Christopher Booker 7 Basic Plot Types 1. Overcoming the Monster 2. Rags to Riches 3. The Quest

4. Voyage and Return 5. Comedy 6. Tragedy 7. Rebirth Which plot type do you think Lord of the Flies will be? Voyage and Return 1. 2. 3.

4. 5.

Anticipation Stage: Crash and burn When their plane crashes, the boys who were on board find themselves on a strange island where they have never been before. Needless to say, this is a new situation for them. They happily anticipate the thought of being in charge of themselves, but they unhappily anticipate being stuck here forever. Initial fascination or Dream Stage: This belongs to us. The boys explore the island and are fascinated by it. The dream part comes in as they establish a system of rules and order and mistakenly think it will hold up. Frustration Stage: Ralph and Jack fight, and there may be a beastie

Matters grow more difficult as the seeds of conflict sprout leaves of angry violence. The frustration we get here is through the eyes of Ralph, who is irked by the growing difficulty of governing a group of wild boys. He goes head-to-head with Jack, and on top of it all has to deal with everyones irrational fears. Its lonely, and frustrating, at the top. Nightmare Stage: Simons death, Piggys death, and a run through the woods And weve moved steadily away to murder and chaos. The island is ablaze and Ralph is on the verge of being killed himself. Thrilling Escape and Return: The naval officer rescues the boys At the last minute, when Ralph has fallen and is covering his head and crying for mercy,

he rolls onto the beach and looks up to see a Naval officer standing over him. This would be a thrilling escape if it werent for the fact that the boys are going back to a world as bad as the one theyre leaving. Three Act Analysis Act I at the end of Act I, the main character is drawn in completely to a conflict Act II during Act II, he/she is

farthest away from her goals Act III At the end of Act III, the story is resolved. Pop Culture

LOST Gilligans Island The Simpsons Nine Inch Nails, Piggy Iron Maiden, Lord of the Flies What other adventure stories

can you think of? Switching gears to Dr. Suess? Important Literary Terms Symbol Simile Metaphor Extended Metaphor

Allusion Motif Theme Allegory **These terms might be new or review, either way we will go more in depth with all of them throughout this unit! Allegory A form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated with the meanings

that lie outside the narrative itself. The underlying meaning has moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract ideas as charity, greed, or envy. Thus an allegory is a story with two meanings, a literal meaning and a symbolic meaning. Kind of like a story with a moral, complex. but more

Dr. Seuss Timeline The Butter Battle Book Published in 1984 Historical Context? Pay attention to the symbols, metaphors, allusions, etcthat make up the greater allegory. Active Listening =

take notes on the aforementioned in order to deduce the allegory Tomorrow The Lorax The Sneeches Yertle the Turtle **Keep these allegory deducing techniques in mind as we continue through Lord of the

Flies and you will have an easier time unraveling the mystery of William Goldings allegory! Before you go. With your group, make a prediction about what you think the main allegory is in LOTF and what symbols you think will be integral to the allegorys meaning. Symbol

In literature, something that stands for something else. Often times representing a philosophy or concept far greater than the symbol itself. Example: red=anger, rain=foreboding mood Metaphor/Simile Metaphor the comparison of two UNLIKE things. Personification, anthropomorphism, hyperbole, parable, fable, animism and analogy are forms of metaphor.

Metaphors are used to help us understand the unknown, because we use what we know in comparison with something we don't know to get a better understanding of the unknown. A similie is also a comparison of two unlike things, but it is an easier way to compare, by using like or as. Extended Metaphor Allusion

Motif Theme The Sneeches Yertle the Turtle The Lorax

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