Majoritarian vs. Pluralist Democracies

Majoritarian vs. Pluralist Democracies

Democratic Philosophy & Types of Democracies Unit 1: Const. Underpinnings (Foundations) Unit 1: Essential Question How does the Constitution

demonstrate the concept of limited government? Words in red have appeared on previous released AP exams Common Theme for the Course In order to REALLY understand how our society

works, how the realities of life work, and how situations have managed to become so problematic for many people along time and geography What is the Lowest Common Denominator?... WE AREHUMANS This course is really about HUMANS Humans, Power, & Tyranny

Our story from day one begins with this internal struggle with having power and what we do with it From the Bibles Adam & Eve, Lucifer the Fallen Angel, Greek and Roman myths

about gods to Marvels Avengers movies the story remains the same A little philosophy before we start Take 2 mins to answer for YOURSELF (this is your view of the world) the following question

Do you believe babies are born bad, therefore need to be taught good? OR Do you believe babies are born good, therefore are taught to be bad? A View From a DistanceHow we See Democracy

Democracy in Action: The Dead Gazelle Conclusions & Inferences on the Dead Gazelle Take the next 2 mins to debrief your OBSERVATIONS from the Dead Gazelle How do animals in the jungle resolve this problem?

Bringing this out to the floor Now, initial conclusions/inferences The Dead Gazelle: A Case Study New Conclusions & Inferences on the Animals as Humans and Dead Gazelle Now, pretend these animals are HUMANS What changes? Is there anything different that could

happen? How would humans in the jungle resolve this problem? Take the next 2 mins to debrief your OBSERVATIONS from the Dead Gazelle-what are the two of you thinking? Bringing this out to the floor Now, initial conclusions/inferences

A Closer Look at Humans To better understand ourselves, we have to have an honest look at ourselves What we are going to examine now is the following: You will draw a silhouette of a human You will fill out the silhouette with what you feel and think makes us human You can focus on all aspects of human, good & bad, light & dark,

etc You will share your silhouette and discuss what qualities do we as humans posses that define who we are with your partner Morganas View of Humanity Capacity to hate Selfish & greedy

Easily influenced Capacity for isolation Hungry to consume Has a story and past Can reflect Can love Rational thinker complex

Capacity to create beauty Can make decisions Has memories Vulnerable to environment Ability to empathize Narrow minded Can be a part of group/family Levels of assholery

multidimensional Debrief and Next Steps Take a look at your silhouette for about 30 seconds What do we do with this split

in humanity? Do you notice anything about how your human is probably divided or broken up? Probably in two, two sides, two sides of the same cointhis has

a name The Duality or Dichotomy of humanity How do we reconcile (make peace) with this split? What are the ramifications

(effects) of this on society? The Realities Closure & Conclusions Take the next 3-5 mins to do the following to close out our session for today:

Write a conclusion/analysis with these questions as a guide 1. How do you see humanity now after this first conversation? 2. What are your initial conclusions on what we need to deal with the duality/dichotomy of humanity given

the realities we saw today in photographs? Part 2: Types of Democracies, Values, Beliefs, & Structures Majoritarian View of Democracy Majoritarian view: leaders are heavily

influenced by will (choices) of people Thinking: How is the will of the people carried out? Elite View of Democracy Elite Politics view: minorities dominate policy (laws) making

Thinking: Name examples of how this is played out in real world. The Pluralist View of Democracy Pol. Resources are scattered- no single elite has monopoly Thinking: What do you think is meant by pol. resources?

Hyper pluralistic View of Democracy Hyperpluralist view: Too many groups competing for resources Thinking: Is competition necessarily a bad thing? Direct vs. Representative Democracies

Direct Democracy People have direct access to making decisions & laws This usually worked in small villages or homogenous environments

Representative Democracy People CHOOSE people to make decisions & laws on their behalf This is what the U.S. and most other nations use

Processing Democracies Thinking Time With your partner, take 2 mins to discuss this question: Which of the two systems discussed demonstrate a distrust or lack of confidence in people? Explain why Bringing this out to the floor

Elements of Democracy There are elements of democracy that need to be present in order for it to work in the purest of its form Next slides will highlight some of these elements in parts

Democratic Values Democratic Processes Democratic Structures Lecture DQs: Types of Democracies 1. Identify and discuss 2 of the major views of

democracies 2. Identify 1 value, 1 process, 1 structure of democracy

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