Make your lab report better - University of Sussex
Week 2: Finding and reading a paper See StudyDirect for the names of your tutors Please remember our first names for submission of your course work Only email us for personal issues (e.g. to inform us of absence etc.) 1 hour practical Autumn term weeks 2-9 Please attend allocated sessions or negotiate a change directly with the Psychology office Week Week Week
Week Week Week Week Week 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: 8: 9: Finding and reading papers Designing a questionnaire How to write a research proposal SPSS data entry and analysis Excel how to make graphs
How to write a lab report How to make a PowerPoint presentation Lab report Q & A Autumn term coursework submissions Week 6: Research Proposal (based on your questionnaire study) Week 9/10: Presentation of questionnaire findings to your personal tutor (by arrangement with them) Week 10: Lab report (write-up of questionnaire findings) Course material - Graham Holes resources page: Google > Graham Hole
Questions about the course/coursework: Forum: Study Direct > Research Skills > Forum Office Hour: (to be announced) Emails: Do not email tutors directly about coursework, use the forum. The Research Process Research Proposals and Lab Reports Scientific Writing Style
Research Proposal Step-by-Step Original Article vs. Textbook How to Find a Paper How to Read a Paper Subject area Read around the subject Research question
Design the study Research proposal Obtain ethical approval Conduct the study Data analysis Lab report Write concisely Write in a formal tone Avoid Jargon
Focus on relevant literature Top tip: Read and look at published journal articles to get an idea of what you should be aiming for Select a subject area 1. Keep it simple Check availability of literature on topic Read around the subject
2. What has been examined by others? What were their findings? Justifying your study 3. Find a gap in literature OR Find contrasting results from different studies Not so important for this term
Research question 4. What will you examine in your study? For this term: Focus on differences between 2 groups (e.g. men vs. women/ meat consumers vs. vegetarians/ undergraduates vs. graduates/ etc.) For example: Do men have different exercise habits than women? Developing your hypotheses 5.
What do you expect to find? How do you expect that the groups will differ from each other? Predictions should be based on previous findings from other authors (Step 2) Design the study 6.
For this term: Questionnaire study Again, keep it simple You should be able to test your hypotheses with the questions you choose to use Well get back to this step next week From a textbook citation... Stanley Milgrams (1963) study of destructive obedience highlighted the dilemma facing a person ordered by an authority figure to perform an immoral act But why would I want to look at the original? And if I did, how would I find it?
One simple reason: When a textbook/paper author (or anyone else) summarises a study, they can get it wrong... I think Cuddy is very intelligent! Wilso n House
Wilson thinks youre intelligent ...b ut ugly. The more people between you and the study, the more chance something is wrong House Cudd y At the end of textbook chapters (or sometimes the whole book) and journal articles you will find the reference section
Reference sections are ordered by first authors surname: Milgram, S. (1963). Behavioral study of obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67(4), 371378. If you know the reference for a paper: Go to the library website: www.sussex.ac.uk/library Electronic Library > Online Journals > Type in journal name > Find the correct volume, issue and page numbers
If you want to do a search on a topic: Go to the library website: www.sussex.ac.uk/library Electronic Library > Online Resources > Choose PsycARTICLES or PsycINFO > Simple or Advanced Electronic Library > QuickSearch Google Scholar Top tip: be specific! Papers are laid out in this order:
Easier to read them in this order: Abstract Abstract Introduction Discussion Methods Introduction Results Methods
Discussion Results References (References) Abstract Summary of everything thats in the paper Order: Past research, methods, results, conclusions Approx. 150 words
Discussion Summary of purpose and results Comparison to previous research Possible faults Wider implications Future directions Conclusions Introduction Quick explanation of research area Summary of relevant past research (and perhaps its flaws) Purpose of study
Brief description of methods Hypotheses Methods Usually split into four sections: Participants Materials Design Procedure Technical language
Results References Point-by-point breakdown of findings Dont need to worry about these too much when reading Descriptive statistics If you find past
research in the paper that sounds interesting, look for a full citation here Inferential statistics The magic word significant And use your new skills to find that paper Get into groups of 4 Pick a topic, e.g.:
Healthy lifestyle (for example): Exercise Smoking Eating habits Alcohol consumption University lifestyles Environmentally friendly behaviours Check with one of us that its okay
Start finding and reading papers about the topic Read up to 5 papers on your chosen topic Try to read the same papers as others in your group Or read one or two papers and summarise to your group before next week Come to class next week with some ideas for questions you can ask people Keep it simple!
For example, use a communication book which goes from school to home and back on a regular basis to share information about your child's day or issues of concern. DON'T try to share complex information that requires significant explanation and...
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