March of Innovation - Adam Dell

March of Innovation - Adam Dell

Business, Law, and Innovation March of Innovation Lecture 1 Spring 2014 Professor Adam Dell The University of Texas School of Law Big Themes: - Innovation is ever present in our economy. - Supportive ecosystem, culture of risk & fair incentives. - Cheaper tools of innovation in the hands of more people than ever.

- Results of innovation are impressive. - A lot more to come 2 Science Doesnt Sleep Engineers / Scientists are on an unending march to make things faster, smaller, cheaper, cleaner, simpler. Market conditions do not alter this paradigm.

May accelerate investment / risk capital in a new market (alternative energies, green technologies) but they do not dictate its natural progress. Engineers (with pocket protectors) had been working on the plumbing of the Internet long before you ever heard of Google and theyll be working on improving it long after you take Google for granted.

Alternative energies (thin film solar, micro turbines) may get more attention when oil is $150 a barrel, but they dont go away when its $50. Businesses are the most efficient allocators of capital (because they think in terms of ROI). They are always chasing the next pile of $s. As a consequence, you will forever see businesses endeavor to make money through innovation. 3 Creative Destruction The notion of creative destruction is found in the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche and in Werner Sombart's Krieg und Kapitalismus (War and Capitalism) (1913, p. 207), where he wrote:

"again out of destruction a new spirit of creativity arises". The economist Joseph Schumpeter popularized and used the term to describe the process of transformation that accompanies radical innovation. In Schumpeter's vision of capitalism: innovative entry by entrepreneurs was the force that sustained long-term economic growth, even as it destroyed the value of established companies that enjoyed some degree of monopoly power. 4 Creative Destruction 5

Creative Destruction Can you think of some examples of creative destruction? How many can we name? Hello Goodbye Digital cameras NetFlix iTunes Answering machine Car Service Dispatch

Film Blockbuster CDs Voice Mail Uber 6 Ecosystem of Innovation Government & Education Support ARPANET (thank the US Gov. for the Internet) Stanford (thank, in part, for Google) Technology Transfer Programs (Silicon Valley / Stanford) US Patent & Trademark Office (protectors of an innovators ideas)

Entrepreneurs, Venture Capitalists, Lawyers, Engineers Clear understanding of the steps / process associated with turning a technology into a viable business. Regional Advantage (AnnaLee Saxenian) Cultural Acceptance of Risk / Failure Regional advantage Fair Incentives Big spoils to those whose innovations change industries. 7

Austins Regional Adv. / Ecosystem of Innovation 8 Tools of Innovation in the Hands of All Parallelism Definition: the independent development of a similar trait in related species or lineages following divergence from a common ancestor. Many examples (radio, nuclear bomb) of innovation which were developed roughly at the same time by different people in completely separate locations. We stand on the shoulders of those whose innovations came before.

Collaboration / Open Innovation Today we have virtually instant access to all information. Powerful PCs have made it possible for an individual in a single room in Katy, Tx to work on problems that the engineers at Research Park in Palo Alto are working on. 9 Ex. Organized Around Open Innovation Innocentive Reward based problem solving. Deep technical problems defined by a corporation. Published in an open marketplace, solved globally

Solve any of our Challenges to win awards from $5,000 to $1,000,000. Challenges are posted by Seekers (corporations, government agencies, and nonprofit organizations) who are looking for your help with product development and other business and science problems. 10 Results 11 Results

Technological Forecast, in Economy & Energy (http://www.ecen.com), n 30, fev.2002. 12 More to ComeFaster Because innovation is now a global collaborative prospect. Because innovation is not limited to just those employees in your company. Because the sheer # of people working on science & engineering problems in much larger. Because the size of the market for IT & science innovations is now much larger Because innovation is a solution to environmental, energy

and food source issues. Innovation will happen faster and be even more important in our economy. 13 Class Exercise: Because innovation is now a global collaborative prospect. Because innovation is not limited to just those employees in your company. Because the sheer # of people working on science & engineering problems in much larger. Because the size of the market for IT & science innovations is now much larger

Because innovation is a solution to environmental, energy and food source issues. Innovation will happen faster and be even more important in our economy. 14

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