Memory - Wattsburg

Memory - Wattsburg

Discuss now WHAT IS YOUR EARLIEST MEMORY? WHAT DID YOU HAVE FOR DINNER L AST TUESDAY? HAVE YOU EVER ENTERED A ROOM AND FORGOTTEN WHY YOU WENT IN THERE? Memory The persistence of learning over

time through the storage and retrieval of information. Take out a piece of paper.. Name the seven dwarves.. Now name them..

Was it easy or hard? It depends on several things. If you like Disney movies? When was the last time you have seen the movie? Are people around you being annoying so you

cannot concentrate? 1066191419181939194 52001 Now write out the number 1066-1914-1918-1939-1945 2001

Now write out the number Sensory Memory A split second holding tank for ALL sensory information. 2 seconds worth of information

Stimuli lasts a short amount of time You select what you want to remember *Attention Sensory Registers refers to the physical point on the body in which stimuli first

enters the body on its way to the brain to be processed. The Memory Process Three step process. 1. Encoding: The processing of information into the memory system.

2. Storage: The retention of encoded material over time.(consolidation) 3. Retrieval: The process of getting the information out of memory storage. What number did I tell you to forget?

The Process of Encoding Allows things perceived to become storable items Can be stored in short-term, or long-term memory The Four Types of Encoding Visual Processing and storage of various images witnessed. Novel items get your attention.

Weakest type of encoding. Acoustic Acoustic encoding processes sound, and stores it for retrieval. The Four Types of Encoding Tactile Encoding that results from touch. Memories of texture, pain, and other stimuli are stored to determine a response when experienced again.

Can move directly to LTM. The Four Types of Encoding Semantic Encoding of sensory input that has a particular meaning, or can be applied to different things Long term memory storage is more reliant on semantic encoding.

Which type works best? Spacing Effect We encode better when we study or practice over time. DO NOT CRAM!!!!!

Take out a piece of paper and. List the U.S. Presidents The Presidents Washington J.Adams Jefferson

Madison Monroe JQ Adams Jackson Van Buren Harrison Tyler Polk

Taylor Fillmore Pierce Buchanan Lincoln A.Johnson Grant Hayes Garfield

Arthur Cleveland Harrison Cleveland McKinley T.Roosevelt Taft Wilson

Harding Coolidge Hoover FD.Roosevelt Truman Eisenhower Kennedy L.Johnson

Nixon Ford Carter Reagan Bush Clinton Bush Jr. Obama

Serial Positioning Effect Our tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list. Presidents Recalled Primacy effect

Recency effect If we graph an average person remembers presidential list- it would probably look something like this. Take a break

Discuss What is sensory memory? What is the difference between tactile and semantic memory? I remember what I had for breakfast this morning, but not last week. Which effect does this demonstrate? Primacy or Recency? Do you have a favorite podcast?

While you listen consider the following - What is the introduction like? - Sponsors? - How do they deal with guests? - What about background music? - What works with this podcast? - What doesnt work?

Memory podcast - Working within a small group you will create a podcast about a particular topic related to memory. - The podcasts will take several days to create and produce before they can be viewed. modified Three Box Model of Memory

Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) were the first to propose STM and LTM. Short Term Memory The stuff we encode from the sensory goes to STM. Holds about 7 (plus or minus 2) items for about 20 seconds.

We recall digits better than letters. STM lasts between 15-30 seconds but can be kept there with rehearsal. Simulation Short

term memory in action Ways to remember things in STMso they go to LTM Chunking: Organizing items into familiar, manageable units.

Mnemonic devices Rehearsal (814) 824 - 3400 ROYGBIV Learning lyrics for musical auditions. Flashcards for studying.

Short Term Memory Issues Afflictions of short term memories Alzheimer's- Shrinking of cerebral cortex which disables the ability to recall memories

Old age- as time progresses people lose the part of the brain that helps recall memories due to decay. PTSD- attentional bias toward traumatic related information AIDS

Alzheimers disease Anxiety disorders Brain injuries Brain tumor Cancer Chronic fatigue syndrome Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Dementia Depression

Diabetes Encephalitis Epilepsy Fibromyalgia Head trauma Heavy metal poisoning HIV Hydrocephalus

Hypertension Hypoglycemia Hypothyroidism Lyme disease Malnutrition Nutritional deficiencies Parkinsons

Psychiatric disorders Sleep disorders Stroke Substance abuse Syphilis Toxin exposure Thyroid disease West Nile virus Wilsons disease

Meningitis Menopause Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) Multiple sclerosis Famous Case Study Long Term Memory

Unlimited storehouse of information. Explicit (declarative) memories Implicit (nondeclarative) memories

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