round and droops Sycamore Black Willow Willow water-loving species associated with riparian areas
Maples 7 species native to Michigan (5 trees) *All leaves are arranged opposite* *All leaves are simple* Except Boxelder, compound
Winged-fruit samara Cool, moist habitats Sensitive to fire b/c bark is thin Shade-tolerant (except Boxelder) Black, Norway, Red, Silver, Striped, Sugar, Boxelder
Maples Maples Maples Black Maple Maples
Dogwood Oaks 400 species, 12 native to Michigan Massive trunks, thick, fire-resistant bark, large, deep roots Broad wide spreading crown Fruit acorn
Monoecious male & female flower on different part of the same tree Young oaks retain leaves in winter Very long-lived Black, Bur, N. Red, Pin, Swamp White, White White Oak Northern Red Oak
Bur Oak Oaks Black Oak Swamp White Oak
Oaks Pin Oak Pines 36 species in US, 3 native to MI Extensively logged, some with poor management, ex. White pine All pines survive well in dry coarse soils very
deep root system Many require fire to regenerate Cones require 2 years to mature Leaves persist for several years Distinguishing feature: needle clusters from 2-5 Soft Pines 5 leaves in a cluster Hard Pines 2-3 needles in a cluster Soft Pines 5 Needles
Hard Pines 2 Needles 2-ranked long needles; plantation tree Hard Pines 2 Needles Scotch pine twisted
needles Jack Pine straight needles Jack Pines Before Burning After Burning
Jack Pines Require fire (natural or prescribed) to regenerate Thrive on very sandy dry soils Kirtlands Warbler nesting habitat
Tamarack Looses needles in winter Nodules on branches Spruces 7 species in US, 2 native to MI Triangle shaped Tolerate acidic, undrained soils
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