MLA Format 2009

MLA Format 2009

UHCL Writing Center MLA Form and Citation updated 2009 Now in its seventh edition. Used for research papers written by students (high school and university), and for publication. Typically used for research purposes in subjects such as literature, art, history, politics, media including movies, music , television, and radio.

UHCL Writing Center Notes on MLA Place header in upper right hand corner. Use italics for long works. Use only one space after all punctuation marks. Set one inch margins. Double-space the text. Use 12pt font. Insert endnotes at the end of the paper on a separate

page BEFORE the works cited page. UHCL Writing Center Paper Format Do not include a title page, unless preferred by instructor. On the upper left corner of the first page, list your name, instructor's name, the course, and the date. Place the title, double-spaced, under the header.

Do not italicize, underline or use quotation marks in any part of the title unless referring to specific works in the title. Double space between the title and material of the paper. Place page headers in the upper right margin (approximately 0.5 from the top). Include your last name and page number. (Your instructor may ask you to omit the header on the first page.) UHCL Writing Center

First Page of Paper With known author: (Jones 232) With unknown author, usually of an article: (Scholarly Reading 21) Classic Works in Multiple Editions: Give the page number of your edition , followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations for volume (vol.), book (bk.), part (pt.), chapter (ch.), section (sec.), or paragraph (par.). For example:

Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles (79; ch. 1). Works found in multiple volumes: (71; bk. 4, ch. 2) Authors with Same Last Names: (A. Miller 54) UHCL Writing Center In-text Citations Multiple Authors ( 3 or fewer): ( Folds, Collins, and Fritz 76)

Multiple Authors (More than 3): (Chang, et al. 2) UHCL Writing Center More In-text Citations Short text (fewer than four typed lines of prose or three lines of verse): enclose in double quotes). Long block of text (more than four lines of text or three lines of poetry), begin a new line. No quotation marks,

indent one inch from the left margin, double-spaced When adding or taking out text, place material in brackets [ ]. UHCL Writing Center Quotations Titles are now italicized URLs are not required but may be used for clarification. When used, place the URL directly after the date of access.

No more continuous pagination needed for scholarly journals. Instead, cite the volume with the issue : 14.2 Performances, DVDs, and Television now can be cited as sources. New abbreviations: n.p. (no publisher); n.pag. (no pagination). UHCL Writing Center

Works Cited Page: Distinct Changes for the 7th edition UHCL Writing Center Examples With The New Style Stoker, Bram. Dracula. New York: Signet Classic, 1992. Print. The title is now italicized. Print is now added to the end.

UHCL Writing Center Book with One Author Beardsley, Timothy M. Malawi as Microcosm. BioOne 59.7 (2009): 539. Print. Print is now added to the end.

UHCL Writing Center Scholarly Journal Lang, A. The Folklore of France. The Folklore Record 1 (1878): 99-117. JSTOR. Web. 30 July 2009. Database is in italics. Library information is no longer required. Medium of publication (web) added. Date of access added.

UHCL Writing Center Scholarly Article From an Online Database Goodknight, Glen. Black & White Ogre Country: the Lost Tales of Hilary Tolkien. Mythlore 1 (2009): n. pag. Web. 30 July 2009. Include medium and date of access.

UHCL Writing Center Strictly Online Publication Kline, Damiel T., ed. Geoffrey Chaucer Online: The Electronic Canterbury Tales. U of Alaska Anchorage, 8 Dec. 2008. Web. 30 July 2009. Add medium and access date. UHCL Writing Center Scholarly Online Project

Lewis, Neil A. Senate Panel Endorses Sotomayor. New York Times. New York Times, 28 July 2009. Web. 30 July 2009. UHCL Writing Center Online Periodical Picasso, Pablo. Self-Portrait. 1907. Narodni Gallery , Prague. 2 Aug. 2009.

UHCL Writing Center Image: Painting, Photograph, or Sculpture To you: Clark, Anna. Re: The Renaissance. E-mail to the author. 2 Aug. 2009. E-mail Communication Between Two Parties, Author Not Included: Myers, David. "Re: Tutoring." E-mail to Jolie Gonzales. 1 Dec. 2008.

UHCL Writing Center Citing E-mails Last Name, First. "Title of Entry." Weblog Entry. Title of Weblog. Date Posted. Date Accessed (URL). Queue, Susie. My First Chat Session. Weblog Entry. Susies UHCL Blog. 23 September, 2009. 30 September, 2009. (

UHCL Writing Center Web Blogs Screen Name. "Comment Title." Weblog comment. Date Comment Posted. "Title of Blog Entry." Author of Blog Entry. Title of Weblog. Date Accessed (URL). Buxton, Camille. Graphic Novels: Indian by Choice. Weblog Entry. Graphic Novels. 27 September 2009. 29 September 2009 ( eb96dbb25c18335d151393a762ff1090a380794b).

UHCL Writing Center Citing Weblog Comments "World War I." Encarta. CD-ROM. Seattle: Microsoft, 2002. A Personal Interview Queue, Susie. Personal interview. 10 July 2009.

UHCL Writing Center Article in a Database on CD-ROM: Hart, Lillian. Computers in the Classroom. University of Houston, Houston, TX 25 July 2006. Keynote Address. Broadcast Television or Radio Program "The Blessing Way." The X-Files. Fox. WXIA,

Atlanta. 19 Jul. 1998. UHCL Writing Center A Lecture or Speech "The One Where Chandler Can't Cry." Friends: The Complete Sixth Season. Writ. Andrew Reich and Ted Cohen. Dir. Kevin Bright. NBC. 10 Feb. 2000. Warner Brothers, 2004. DVD. UHCL Writing Center

Recorded Television Shows Foo Fighters. In Your Honor. RCA, 2005. CD. Individual Songs Nirvana. "Smells Like Teen Spirit." Nevermind. Geffen, 1991. MP3. UHCL Writing Center A Music Album

The Usual Suspects. Dir. Bryan Singer. Perf. Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz Palminteri, Stephen Baldwin, and Benecio del Toro. Polygram, 1995. Film. Recorded Movies Ed Wood. Dir. Tim Burton. Perf. Johnny Depp, Martin Landau, Sarah Jessica Parker, and Patricia Arquette. 1994. Touchstone, 2004. DVD. UHCL Writing Center

Movies in Theaters For the following, use the original URL form when citing in the Works Cited page: An entire website A page on a website Images from web sites original to that site UHCL Writing Center

Note Special thanks to the Purdue OWL for providing guides and examples that were used for this presentation. UHCL Writing Center Special Thanks Purdue OWL. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 10 May 2008.

Web. 30 July 2009. Modern Language Association. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. New York: MLA Assoc., 2009. Print. UHCL Writing Center Works Cited

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