Modality and hedging - Roma Tre University

Modality and hedging - Roma Tre University

Modality and hedging Verbal modality 1.concerns with the speakers assumptions or assessment of possibilities (what the speaker/writer thinks possible or states as possible) 2. Indicates the degree of confidence (or lack of confidence) the speaker has in their statement. 3. Shows the status of the speakers understanding or knowledge 4. Weak epistemic modality (may) suggests a

lower level of commitment to the truth value of a statement 5. Strong epistemic modality (must) suggests a higher level of commitment hedging Expression of speculative statements as opposed to factual language Way to express absence of certainty Strategic desire not to be too categorical Hedging establishes the acceptability of the contribution by the scientific community.

Acceptability largely depends on the respect of shared formal rules (rhetorical devices in use within the research community = grammar of politeness) How to detect hedging: surface textual features cognitive verbs such as think, believe, suppose, reckon plausibility shields, in particular appear, seem. They give further emphasis to the epistemic verbs (verbs relating to knowledge) constituting the traditional hedges, such

as suggest, imply, speculate, indicate; cues, such as perhaps, maybe, although; modal adjectives such as likely, possible, consistent with, downtoners (barely, nearly, slightly) adverbial forms of the type quite, almost, usually, probably, etc. lexical verbs conveying the idea of modality: indicate, suggest, propose, advise approximators (or rounders in Prince 1982) of quantity, degree, frequency, and time, such

as approximately, roughly, somewhat, quite, often, occasionally; emotionally charged intensifiers: extremely, particularly, unexpectedly, surprisingly The passive existential subjects (there+verb+nominal group)

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • HAEI and HAEII course objective #16

    HAEI and HAEII course objective #16

    Define terms common to the discussion of patients with disorders of the endocrine system (especially diabetes mellitus, and abnormalitiesof pituitary, thyroid, adrenal and parathyroid glands) and review basic principles. ... Fad diets, diet therapy for treatment of diabetes and hyperlipidemia...
  • Block Diagrams - UToledo Engineering

    Block Diagrams - UToledo Engineering

    Analogous Physical Systems BIOE 4200 Creating Mathematical Models Break down system into individual components or processes Need to model process outputs as function of inputs and process states Models can be obtained experimentally Measure output using a range of inputs...
  • Accounting 101 Module II Budget Training

    Accounting 101 Module II Budget Training

    References Websites GRU Controllers Office Go to the A-Z index, and click on C and Controller's Division USG BOR Policy Manual Go to the A-Z index, and click on C and Controller's Division > Popular Links GRU Controller's Division >...
  • Protector, Teacher, & Forgiver - Oologah church of Christ

    Protector, Teacher, & Forgiver - Oologah church of Christ

    God the teacher. Good and upright is the Lord; Therefore He teaches sinners in the way. Who is the man that fears the Lord? Him shall He teach in the way He chooses.
  • Presented by Lionel Williamson Aspergillus species  Kingdom: Fungi

    Presented by Lionel Williamson Aspergillus species Kingdom: Fungi

    Lionel Williamson Aspergillus species Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Ascomycota Order: Eurotiales Family: Trichocomaceae Genus gi: Aspergillus Aspergillus is a filamentous, ubiquitous fungus found in nature. It is commonly isolated from soil, plant debris, and indoor air environments. Types of Aspergillus The...
  • Second Grade News September 2-6, 2019 Important Updates!

    Second Grade News September 2-6, 2019 Important Updates!

    Using quick tens and ones to subtract single-digit numbers from multiples of 10 within 100 (such as 20, 30, 40, 50, etc.) Using number bonds to subtract from multiples of 10. There will be a Topic Quiz NEXT Monday, September...
  • Management Information System Comprehensive and Organized

    Management Information System Comprehensive and Organized

    Supply Chain Management (SCM) SCM provide information to help suppliers, purchasing firms, distributors, and logistics companies share information about orders, production, inventory levels, and delivery of products and services so that they can source, produce, and deliver goods and services...
  • The Bethany Project - ELDIS

    The Bethany Project - ELDIS

    The Bethany Project is a child and youth centred Organization which exists to empower communities to care and support young people affected by HIV and AIDS, young people with disability and vulnerable. The Organization is implementing the Securing Rights Program...