Modern Georgia 1945-1970 - Ms. Bean Georgia studies
Modern Georgia 1945-1970 SS8H10 The student will evaluate key post-World War II developments of Georgia from 1945 to 1970. After World War II ended Georgia experienced a huge population and industrialization boom. Georgia transformed from a rural to an urban state as the changes in farm technology ended the need for a large agricultural work force. Many World War II veterans came home, went to college with the help of the G.I. Bill, and began moving to suburban neighborhoods. During this time period, Atlanta became a large enough city to field three major league sports teams. Essential question How has technological change affected agricultural methods and production?
How did the post WWII economic climate provide opportunities for entrepreneurs? How do Georgias transportation systems affect economic growth and development? Television Television use expanded in the 1950s ABC CBS NBC Entertainment was
important. People could now watch news events almost as they happened Transformation of Agriculture Population shifted from rural to urban areas. New synthetic (man made) fabrics became popular. Rayon/Nylon Reduced the need for cotton; as the demand for cotton fell other crops/plants began to be grown in place of cotton:
trees, peanuts, soybeans, corn. New farming technology (tractors/harvesters) helped improve the amount of products that farmers could grow. Better fertilizer made it easier to grow and process crops with much less man power. Industries Move into Georgia Businesses continued to move into the state Air conditioning began to be installed making year round work more comfortable
Georgias low taxes were attractive to workers and businesses Lockheed CDC: became largest employer Centers for Disease Control- Atlanta headquarters established. The Cold War Relations between the US and USSR became tense Cold
War: a war of words and diplomacy US and USSR were worlds most powerful countries USSR kept eastern Europe in communism behind the Iron Curtain Containment of communism led to war in Korea and Vietnam The Three Governors Episode Newly
re-elected governor Eugene Talmadge died before taking his 4th term of office in 1946 The previous governor, Ellis Arnall, the Lieutenant Governor (Melvin Thompson), and Talmadges son, Herman Talmadge, fought over who would govern The Georgia Supreme Court ruled that a special election must be held. Herman Talmadge was elected Georgias governor in 1947 Georgia Governors
Melvin Thompson: purchased Jekyll Island to build a state-owned resort; established UGA Veterinary School. Herman Talmadge: Strict segregationist. Minimum Foundation Program for Education Act- established 9-month school year raised standards for schools. Marvin Griffin: began educational television oversaw purchase of Stone Mountain for park. Carl Sanders: elected in 1962 worked to diffuse racial violence; increased spending on education; used television ads to campaign
Lester Maddox: elected 1966; surprise winner, appointed more African Americans to state office than all other governors combined. Integrated the State Patrol. Held Peoples Days where any Georgian could visit and talk with the Governor. Atlantas Mayors William Hartsfield: Served as Atlantas mayor longer than any other person (6 terms from 1937-1961). Presided over many building projects including expressways and parks throughout the city. IN addition, Hartsfield helped make Atlanta an aviation hub by selecting the location for the building of the Atlanta Airport. After his death in 1971 the Atlanta airport was renamed after him. Ivan Allen Jr.: Served as Atlantas mayor from 1962-1970. Only politician from the South to speak in favor of the Civil Rights Act.
Helped to bring the Braves from Milwaukee, Wisconsin to Atlanta. The Atlanta Falcons and Hawks also began to play while Ivan Allen Jr. was mayor of Atlanta. Major League Sports Teams Atlanta Braves: Moved to Atlanta in 1966. Bought by Ted Turner in 1976. Braves games began being broadcasted nationwide on TBS. Won the World Series in 1995 (First professional title in Atlantas history.) Atlanta Falcons: Played their first NFL game in 1966. Played in the Super Bowl in 1998 and 2017. Atlanta
Hawks: NBA team, moved from St. Louis, Missouri to Atlanta in 1968. Ellis Arnall Elected Georgias governor in 1942 Helped to fix the accreditation issues with the University of Georgia (during Eugene Talmadges time as governor) by helping the board of regents become a separate body from the governors office. Removed Georgias prison system from under the control of the governor.
Under Governor Arnall, Georgia became the first state in the Union to grant 18-year olds the right to vote. Transportation Systems Interstate Highway System: Makes transportation through the city easier. Interstates, such as I-20, I-75, and I-85, go through the city of Atlanta. I-95 goes from Florida to Main and I-75 goes from Miami to Michigan. Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport: One of the busiest airports in the world. Named after two Atlanta mayors( William Hartsfield and Maynard Jackson).
Georgias Deepwater Ports: Two major deep-water ports (Savannah and Brunswick). Goods (products) made in Georgia are frequently shipped to other parts of the world through these ports. Railroads: Allowed for efficient transportation of people and products over land. These four transportation systems are important to GAs economy as they allow people and goods to move through the state.
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