Modifiers I. What is a Modifier? A. Words that clarify or add meaning to a sentence B. Example: 1. I bought a new writing utensil, a mechanical pencil with a blue eraser.
II. Types A. Adjective Phrases 1. Adds meaning to a noun a. We looked at the extremely long and elegant wedding dress. B. Adverbial Phrases 1. Adds meaning to a verb a. He can sing, loudly and completely flat.
2. Adds meaning to an adjective a. The shirt was almost teal, an interesting shade between green and blue. Types continued C. Prepositional Phrases 1. Begins with a preposition in order to show position a. Mom grabbed the blue can above the sink behind the detergent.
b. Remember that when prepositional phrases begin the sentence, you need a comma. i. In the green cabinet, we found money. D. Appositives 2. Renames a. Everybody loves her casserole, a mix of vegetables and chicken. E. Gerundive Phrases (ING phrases) 1. Indicates a verb happening
a. Gary, twirling the noodles around his fork, III. Mistakes A. Misplaced Modifier 1. Modifier isnt next to the word its modifying a. Her hair was much longer than his hair, a gentle shade of brown that matched her eyes.
b. SHOULD BE: Her hair, a gentle shade of brown that matched her eyes, was much longer than his hair. c. I bought a new horse, looking for something to live on my new ranch. B. Dangling Modifier 1. The word being modified isnt even in the
sentence a. Driving around the corner, a bear suddenly jumped in front of my car. b. SHOULD BE: Driving around the corner, I saw a bear suddenly jump in front of my car. c. Walking swiftly down the hall, everyone stared at my new haircut. d. SHOULD BE: Walking swiftly down the hall, I noticed that everyone stared at
my new haircut. IV. Restrictive vs. Nonrestrictive I. Restrictive A. Referring just to that specific group B. No comma 1. Students who need to buy tickets to the dance
should visit the office. II. Non-restrictive A. Referring to things in general B. Commas are needed 1. Dogs, who are colorblind, cannot
appreciate a rainbow. On a new paper, REVISE THESE SENTENCES (if correct, just copy as is) 1. At the bottom of the sea lies the Titanic. (prepositional phrases) 2. Completely plucked and featherless the farmer stared at the 3. 4. 5.
6. 7. 8. unusual chicken. (misplaced/dangling?) Searching every corner of the room, the money was no where to be found. (misplaced/dangling?) Doctors who must attend college are very smart. (restrictive/nonrestrictive?) Twins who are not identical are called fraternal.
(restrictive/nonrestrictive?) Thinking it best not to spoil the surprise, the party remained a secret for Greg. (misplaced/dangling?) Following a trail of crumbs, the duck soon caught up with the children. (misplaced/dangling?) We all ate at a restaurant, in the new shopping center. (prepositional phrases) #1.At the bottom of the sea lies the Titanic. At the bottom of the sea, lies the Titanic.
Completely plucked and featherless the farmer stared at the unusual chicken. The farmer stared at the unusual chicken, completely plucked and featherless. Searching every corner of the room, the money was nowhere to be found. After searching every corner of the room,
we decided that the money was nowhere to be found. Doctors who must attend college are very smart. Doctors, who must attend college, are very smart. Twins who are not identical are called fraternal.
Twins who are not identical are called fraternal. CORRECT AS IS Thinking it best not to spoil the surprise, the party remained a secret for Greg. Thinking it best not to spoil the surprise, we
made sure that the party remained a secret for Greg. Following a trail of crumbs, the duck soon caught up with the children. Following a trail of crumbs, the duck soon caught up with the children. Correct as is
We all ate at a restaurant, in the new shopping center. We all ate at a restaurant in the new shopping center.
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