Motivating Students to Succeed - California State University ...
Motivating Students to Succeed Presentation to CECS faculty by Raymond B. Landis California State University, Northridge April 29, 2005 Definitions
Motivate to provide with a motive Motive something that causes a person to act in a certain way Success the achievement of something desired, planned, or attempted Vincent Tinto (Source: Leaving College)
Intention - Absence of goals Commitment - Unwilling to put in effort Adjustment - Inability to adjust to social and academic demands Difficulty - Academic dismissal Congruence - Mismatch with institution Isolation - Absence of social interaction Obligations - Friends, family, employment Finance - Inadequate resources Forums for faculty to motivate students?
Introduction Other to Engineering course engineering courses Advising/mentoring Success Process 1. Goal identification 2.
Strengthening commitment to goal 3. Change behaviors 4. Change attitudes Goal identification Basic idea How can you ever expect to get somewhere if you dont know where you want to go? Goals give you something to measure yourself
against Goals give your life direction Write down your goals Strengthening commitment to goal Understanding the benefits (rewards and opportunities) goal clarification Understanding the essence Increasing global awareness (having a strong foundation) Having a road map (step-by-step plan) Goal Clarification - Rewards and
Opportunities of Engineering 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Job satisfaction Varied Opportunities Challenging Work Intellectual Development
Social Impact Financial Security Prestige Professional Environment Understanding How Things Work Creative Thinking Changing Behaviors Behaviors for success in math, science, engineering study Pedagogy
for change Behaviors for Success Time and energy devoted to studying (time on task Study from class to class rather than from test to test Group study/collaborative learning
Making effective use of professors Preparing for lectures Utilizing resources (e.g., tutoring, advising, counseling, etc) Preparing for and taking tests Pedagogy for changing behaviors 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Establish a baseline Deliver knowledge
Build commitment to behavior Require/assign implementation Process outcomes Conditions for collaborative learning Taking same course Enrolled in same section Know each other (Name Game) Aware of the efficacy of collaborative learning Change attitudes Negative attitudes that inhibit success
Weak commitment to goal of graduating in engineering Unrealistic view of whats expected (e.g., overconfidence, naivete) Low self confidence Lack of self worth (I.e., tendency to sabotage their success) External locus-of-control (I.e., adoption of victim role) Negative view toward authority figures Negative attitudes that inhibit
success (continued) Unwillingness to seek help Resistance to change (e.g., personal growth and development) Tendency toward procrastination (e.g., negative view toward time management) Avoidance of areas of weakness or perceived unpleasantness (e.g., written communications, interpersonal interaction, chemistry)
Reluctance to work with other students (I.e., avoidance of group study) Deepak Chopra Seven Spiritual Laws of Success Chopras "Law of Karma" explains the importance of becoming "conscious, Most of us, as a result of conditioning, have repetitious and predictable responses to the stimuli in our environment. Our reactions seem to be automatically triggered by people and circumstances, and we forget that these are still choices that we are making in every moment of our existence. We are simply making these choices unconsciously. and how through doing so, we are able to change our choices: If you step back for a moment and witness the choices you are making as you make those choices, then in just this act of witnessing, you take the whole process from the unconscious realm into the conscious realm. This procedure of conscious choicemaking is very empowering.
Helping Students Change Attitudes Help student become conscious of a negative attitude No Ask Does attitude come from a source that can be changed? Yes Try to eliminate the source
Have student answer the question, Is attitude working for me? No Try to change the attitude Yes Attitude is (by definition) positive You are what your deep, driving desire is. As your desire is, so is your will.
As your will is, so is your deed. As your deed is, so is your destiny. Brihadaranyaka Upanishad IV.4.5 What can you do for your students? Implementation Exercises 1. 2. 3. 4. Build community Strengthen commitment Change behaviors Change attitudes
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