MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER PERMITS TCEQ Water Quality/Stormwater Seminar October 13, 2016 Sarah A. Johnson, Ph.D. 512-239-4649 THE PERMITTING PROCESS Application Water Quality Assessment Applications Team
NOD & NORI Issued Permit Pretreatment NAPD Chief Clerks Office Public
comments Permit Coordinator EPA Draft Permit Region & Enforcement APPLICATION FORMS 10053-inst
Instructions for Completing the Domestic Wastewater Permit Application (DOC) The forms that are needed to apply are as follows: 10053-inst: Instructions for Completing the Domestic Wastewater Permit Application 10053: Domestic
Domestic Wastewater Permit Application Technical Report (PDF) TYPES OF APPLICATIONS New* Brand new facility Expired permits re-apply as new facilities Requires additional mailed notice to adjacent landowners and landowners for one mile downstream New*
Brand new facility Renewal Continue an Continue an existing authorization existing Can include a minor amendment authorization Major Amendment*substantially change or relax the permit
Major Amendment* substantially change or relax the permit (requires additional mailed notice to adjacent landowners and landowners for one mile downstream) Minor Amendment update/change permit without relaxing the permit Minor Amendmentchange permit without relaxing the permit Renewal Amendment
Expired permits re-apply as new facilities Amendment Can include a minor amendment *Requires additional notice to adjacent and downstream landowners PERMIT CLASSIFICATIONS Minor
< 1.0 MGD Standard pollutant screening Standard pretreatment requirements (for POTWs) Major 1.0 MGD Full pollutant screening Biomonitoring Possibly expanded pretreatment (for
POTWs) TEXAS LAND APPLICATION Vs. REUSE AUTHORIZATION TLAP Reuse (210) Dedicated disposal site At users demand
Permittee owns/leases land Permittee does not control land Requires permit (330 days) Attached to permit (30 days) City of Austin Petition
30 TAC Chapters 222 and 309 The proposed rules would allow permittees and applicants to rely on the beneficial reuse of treated wastewater when calculating the size of effluent storage and the amount of land required for disposal of wastewater. [email protected] (include COA in subject line) ANTIBACKSLIDING EPA has informed me that you are backsliding.
What is backsliding? Can a less stringent permit be issued? Material alteration No control, no remedy Any change in a permit that leads to less stringent conditions Federal Anti-backsliding regulations
40 CFR Part 122.44 (l)(2)(i) Appropriate treatment cant meet limit New information REGIONALIZATION State policy prefers regional or area-wide wastewater treatment systems over a large number of smaller treatment systems New and expanding plants contact existing wastewater treatment providers
Provide a 3 mile radius map from the point of discharge that lists all permitted municipal facilities or collection systems CCN issues (512-239-4691) BEFORE ACCEPTING WASTE Domestic septage (septic tanks) or chemical toilet waste Ask yourself or an expert: Is it good for Accepting wastes canmy harm your treatment process. Be aware of the risks before you accept
wastes like: treatment process? Is it good for my treatment process? Do I have organic capacity? Domestic septage (septic tanks) or chemical toilet waste Domestic WWTP biosolids Grit or grease Brewery, bottling, and food processing wastewater Animal feed or animal processing wastewater Do I have organic capacity?
Domestic WWTP biosolids Grit or grease Brewery, bottling, and food processing wastewater Animal feed or animal processing wastewater BUFFER ZONE MAP EXAMPLE Buffer zones are required for: Separation from public and private water sources Nuisance odor control
A good buffer zone map: Is on one 8.5x11 inch sheet of paper Is in black and white (Google maps dont copy well) Shows all adjacent property owners Shows all nearby public and private water supplies Shows the distance from the adjacent property or water supply to the nearest treatment unit Shows how the buffer zones are met for each adjacent property (legal restrictions, a nuisance odor control plan, etc.) See 30 TAC 309.13 Note that on-site lift stations are considered treatment units for buffer zone purposes.
COMPLIANCE HISTORY REVIEW No further review High NOVs 0 1 < & Orders n i
m d A No Satisfactory Poor Admin Orders or 10 NOVs Executive Review Committe e
Other Review DRAFT PERMIT PACKAGE Public Notice (NAPD) Cover Letter Statement of Basis Fact Sheet
Draft Permit Package Draft Permit Review the notices for accuracy New language in the public notice KNOWING YOUR DRAFT PERMIT Standard Provisions Sludge
& Biomonitoring WHATS IN YOUR PERMIT BOD, TSS, DO, NH3-N, bacteria, others Segment & geographic issues Treatment technology Past performance
Other Requirements Segment & geographic issues Past performance Permit specific issues Pretreatment Requirements
POTW Full program required for >4.0 MGD Biomonitoring Requirements Major permits Freshwater or saltwater Whole Effluent Toxicity (WET) Major permits Past performance
30 TAC 305.71 Basin Permitting The phase duration length. Effluent limits are based on treatment technology and receiving segment criteria. Additional pollutants may be included due to TMDLs or 303(d) impairment listing Bacteria limits are included in all TPDES permits pursuant to 30
TAC 309 and 319, and 2010 TSWQS Sampling type and monitoring frequency are determined by flow in 30 TAC 319.9 Disinfection method and corresponding requirements (e.g. UV, chlorination, or natural treatment). TCEQ/EPA BACTERIA LIMITS Bacteria limits in
all discharge permits Typically 126 CFU per 100 mL E. coli for freshwater Typically 35 CFU per 100 mL enterococci for saltwater May be less with TMDL Minimum Required Bacteria Monitoring Frequency (30 TAC 319.9 Table 2) Flow (MGD)
Chlorine Systems Ultraviolet Systems Natural Systems >10 5/week Daily
5/week 2/month <0.1 1/quarter 5/week 1/month Effluent limits are based on the
disposal method in 30 TAC 309.4 Sampling type and monitoring frequency are determined by flow Effluent must be chlorinated if used for irrigation on land with the potential for public exposure. RECENT CHANGES
Samples taken on or after July 14, 2014 must use the new minimum analytical level (MAL) Lab tests must be able to give results at or below the minimum analytical level (MAL) New application forms are now available
MAL Lab Result (one sample) Valid? 10 g/Lg/L 15 g/Lg/L Yes 10 g/Lg/L 5 g/Lg/L Yes
10 g/Lg/L < 5 g/Lg/L Yes 10 g/Lg/L < 15 g/Lg/L No retest RECENT CHANGES 2014 List of Impaired Waters (Clean Water Act 303(d) List) TCEQ adopted June 3, 2015 and EPA approved November 19, 2015
E-reporting is required for DMRs and annual sludge report for TPDES permits RECENT CHANGES (cont.) Certain accidental discharges under 1,000 gallons may be reported monthly, 30 TAC 305.132 Sludge Provisions have been updated in accordance with EPA mandates Following adoption of SB 912, the reporting deadline for noncompliance will be based on volume of the discharge. Certain accidental discharges of 1,000 gallons or less shall be reported monthly. Section IV has been added to both TPDES and TLAP permits
THE PERMITTING PROCESS Application Water Quality Assessment Applications Team NOD & NORI Issued Permit
Pretreatment NAPD Chief Clerks Office Public comments Permit Coordinator EPA
Draft Permit Region & Enforcement DONT GET BOGGED DOWN Respond to Notices of Deficiency Publish both public notices and return documents (30 days NORI, 45 days NAPD)
Respond to Notices of Deficiency Publish both public notices and return documents (30 days each) Check for bilingual requirements Check accuracy and formatting Complete/correct affidavit and verification Contact the Chief Clerks Office at 512-2393300 with questions about the publication process Review draft permit and send approval or comments Check for bilingual requirements Check accuracy and formatting Complete/correct affidavit and verification Contact the Chief Clerks Office at 512-239-3300 with
questions about the publication process Review draft permit and send approval or comments HELPFUL WEBSITE RESOURCES Th se Se Bro bu ch Bro [ri Bro
reg Re Tra en Pe Se sid Re pe Fin COMMISSIONERS INTEGRATED DATABASE PART 1 http://www14.tceq.texas.gov/epic/eCID/
COMMISSIONERS INTEGRATED DATABASE PART 2 http://www14.tceq.texas.gov/epic/eCID/ COMMISSIONERS INTEGRATED DATABASE PART 3 http://www14.tceq.texas.gov/epic/eCID/ APPLICATION HELP If I have questions Call (512) 239-4671 If I have questions Call (512) 239-4671
If I have lots of questions or unique issues Consider preapplication meeting with TCEQ staff If I have lots of questions Consider preapplication meeting with TCEQ staff ANY QUESTIONS?
Supplemental SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION Information 2010 Implementation Procedures Nutrient criteria (as chlorophyll a) has been added for reservoirs Applies to all new or expanding permits larger than 0.25 MGD, and renewals on a case-by-case basis May result in total nitrogen or total phosphorus limits For details refer to Procedures to Implement the Texas Surface Water Quality Standards (2010) and 30 TAC,
Chapter 307, Appendix F PROGRAM LOCATION QUICK REFERENCE The TCEQ's Office of Water handles wastewater permits. The Office of Water and the Chief Clerk's Office are in different branches of the TCEQ. The Office of Water is under the Executive Director. Other Offices in this branch include the Office of Administrative Services, Chief Engineers Office, Office of Compliance and Enforcement, Office of Legal Services, Office of Air, and Office of Water.
PROGRAM LOCATION QUICK REFERENCE HELPFUL RESOURCES
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