Musculoskeletal Kinesiology - ABMP

Musculoskeletal Kinesiology - ABMP

Head, Neck, and Face Kinesiology Flash Cards Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Directions The first slide asks a question.

The second slide answers the question. Use these slides like flash cards to test your core knowledge. Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question

Where is the frontalis muscle? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer The forehead

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question Which bone is situated posterior to the two parietal bones to make up the back of the skull?

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer The occipital bone Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Question What is the action of the frontalis muscle? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer The frontalis muscle raises the eyebrows and wrinkles

the forehead. The frontalis muscle works with the occipitalis muscle. The two are connected via the sheet tendon that covers the top of the cranium. These muscles working together make a unit called the epicranius. The tendon that attaches these muscles together has two names: 1) the epicranial aponeurosis

and 2) the galea aponeurotica. Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question What is the action of the occipitalis muscle?

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer The occipitalis muscle assists the frontalis muscle in raising the eyebrows. Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Question Which bone is commonly referred to as the jaw bone? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Answer The mandible Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question What is the action of the corrugator

supercilii muscle? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer The corrugator supercilii muscle brings the eyebrows together, making wrinkles

between them. Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question Which bones articulate to form the temporomandibular joint?

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer The mandibular condyle (mandible) articulates with the mandibular fossa of the temporal bone.

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question What type of joint is the temporomandibular joint?

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer Combination of a plane and hinge joint Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Question What types of movements are available at the temporomandibular joint? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer

Depression and elevation (hinge joint) Protraction and retraction (gliding joint) Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question Which muscles open (depress) the jaw?

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer Primary External pterygoid Anterior head of the digastric

Secondary Muscles attached to the hyoid bone Suprahyoid, digastric, stylohyoid, mylohyoid, geniohyoid, infrahyoid, sternohyoid, thyrohyoid, omohyoid Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Question Which muscles close (elevate) the jaw? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer

Primary Masseter Temporalis Secondary Internal pterygoid

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question What is the origin and insertion of the sternocleidomastoid muscle? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Answer Origin Superior margin of the sternum and the medial aspect of the clavicle Insertion

Mastoid process of the temporal bone Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question What are the general actions of the sternocleidomastoid muscle?

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer Bilaterally Flexes the neck Draws the head anteriorly

Elevates the chin Unilaterally Rotates the head to the opposite side Laterally flexes the neck Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Question What is the origin and insertion of the scalene muscles? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer

Origin Transverse process of the cervical vertebrae Insertion Superior surface of the first two ribs Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Question What is the origin and insertion of the levator scapulae? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Answer Origin Transverse processes of C1C4 Insertion Superior part of the medial border of the scapula

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question What actions does the trapezius perform at the neck and head?

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer Extends the head and neck Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Question What actions does levator scapulae perform at the neck? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer

Unilaterally Laterally flexes the neck to the same side Rotates the neck to the same side Bilaterally Extends the neck

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question What muscle presses the cheeks against the teeth? (Hint: this same muscle is used in holding the cheeks in when playing a trumpet.)

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer The buccinator Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Question What is the muscle that bulges at the temples when clenching the teeth? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer

The temporalis Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question The joint between the first cervical vertebra and the second cervical vertebra

is called ______. Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer The atlantoaxial joint The first cervical vertebrae is called the atlas

The second cervical vertebrae is called the axis Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question What type of joint is the atlantoaxial joint?

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer Pivot Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Question Which two bones form the atlantooccipital joint? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Answer The superior facets of the first cervical vertebra (atlas) articulate with the occipital condyles of the occipital bone. Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Question Which muscle bulges at the cheeks when clenching the teeth? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer

The masseter Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Question What is the round muscle that surrounds the mouth?

Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals Answer Orbicularis oris Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Question What is the round muscle that surrounds each eye? Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

Answer The orbicularis occuli Associated Bodywork & Massage Professionals

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