Music reference

Music reference

MUSIC REFERENCE Music in Libraries: Just the Basics SEMLA Preconference Workshop Oct. 20, 2016 Duke University Sara J. Beutter Manus Music Librarian for Education and Outreach / Vanderbilt University LEARNING OBJECTIVES:

Name the questions to ask in a music reference interview. Identify the most common formats for music materials. Recognize the difficulties in finding songs (popular and classical) and instrumental music, and how to overcome them, Describe components that are used in a classical music title. Recognize the difficulties in finding world music. Name free internet sites (and paid electronic resources like WorldCat) to use in answering music reference questions.

List basic music reference materials that your library may want to purchase. WHAT MAKES MUSIC REFERENCE UNIQUELY CHALLENGING? various formats various instrumentation (and various terminology) of the musical work various arrangements

various participants various editions or performances UNIQUE CHALLENGE: COMMON PHYSICAL FORMATS FOR MUSIC AUDIO FORMATS RECORDS Variable speeds 33 1/3, 45, and 78 rpm are the most

common. Terminology vinyl, lps, 78s, 45s In many cases, the only performance of a work by a specific performer or group is available on one of these formats. AUDIO FORMATS - TAPES Cassette tape. Reel-to-reel or open reel.

AUDIO FORMATS - DIGITAL DAT Compact disc Digital files (mp3, wav, wma, aif, etc.) VIDEO FORMATS

VHS tape Laserdisc DVD and blu-ray Digital files THE MUSIC REFERENCE INTERVIEW ARE YOU LOOKING FOR PRINTED

MUSIC (SCORE) OR A RECORDING? The answer to this question determines which follow-up questions you will ask. Remember that the user might need both. FOLLOW UP QUESTIONS IF THE USER ASKS FOR A SCORE: User: I need a score to Beethovens Op. 127

string quartet. Follow up: Do you need parts or a full score? User: I need a score to Mozarts bassoon concerto. Follow up: Do you need a full score or the piano reduction and part? FULL SCORE

PART CHORAL SCORE VOCAL SCORE SHEET

MUSIC LEAD SHEET / FAKE BOOK FOLLOW UP QUESTIONS IF THE USER ASKS FOR A RECORDING: You may need to ask what type of recording is needed: User: I need a recording of Marriage of Figaro.

Follow Up: Would you prefer to listen to a sound recording, or would you like a DVD so you can watch the production? If the recording circulates outside of the library, does the user have the appropriate playback equipment to listen or view the material at home? UNIQUE CHALLENGE: INSTRUMENTATION/PERFORMING FORCES

CHORAL ORCHESTRAL BAND INSTRUMENTAL CHAMBER

SOLO VOCAL OPERA SOLO UNIQUE CHALLENGE: GENRE OR MUSICAL FORM MOTET

SYMPHONY BALLET TOCCATA CONCERTO SUITE INSTRUMENTAL PARTITA

PRELUDE INVENTIONS SONATA HYMN ANTHEM SONG

PASSION VOCAL ORATORIO MASS ART SONG

CANTATA CHORALE ARIA SEARCHING THE CLASSIC CATALOG FOR MUSIC THE BASICS Use keyword searching.

Include the composers name and title elements as keywords. Limit your search by format. THREE COMMON PROBLEMS Musical works often lack distinct titles. Music exists in multiple formats. A smaller work may be part of a larger work.

PROBLEM ONE: MUSICAL WORKS OFTEN LACK DISTINCT TITLES Solution: use the preferred title (formerly known as the uniform title). The preferred title links multiple manifestations of the same work within the library catalog. Used when the content is the same or similar but the wording of the title page is not.

Even when a piece of music has a distinct title, the preferred title is helpful. The Moonlight Sonata Sonata quasi una Fantasia Piano Sonata in C# Minor Sonata, Opus 27, No. 2 FORMULA FOR PREFERRED TITLES OF

INSTRUMENTAL WORKS: Genre (form of piece) Medium of performance (instrumentation)

Number Key

MOONLIGHT SONATA Medium of performance Key Sonatas, piano, no. 14, op. 27, no. 2, C# minor Genre

Number LETS TRY CONSTRUCTING SOME PREFERRED TITLES Mozart, String Quartet in D minor, K. 421 Bach, BWV 1013, Partita for Flute in A minor Steve Reich, Sextet for 2 pianos and

percussion Mozart, String Quartet in D minor, K. 421 Quartets, violins (2), viola, cello, K. 421, D minor Bach, BWV 1013, Partita for Flute in A minor

Partitas, flute, BWV 1013, A minor Steve Reich, Sextet for 2 pianos and percussion Sextets, keyboard instruments (2), percussion PROBLEM TWO: MUSIC EXISTS IN MULTIPLE FORMATS Solution limit your search format.

In classic catalogs, searches are typically limited in the advanced search. In next-gen catalogs (discovery layers) searches are limited by facets. OTHER TIPS FOR DECODING A PREFERRED TITLE OTHER TIPS FOR DECODING A

PREFERRED TITLE: PROBLEM THREE: A SMALLER WORK MAY BE PART OF A LARGER WORK Solution If you cant find the smaller part, search for the entire work. If you cant find a specific aria, look for the entire opera. If you cant find Op. 6, no. 1 individually, look

for all of the Op. 6. RELATED PROBLEM FINDING A SINGLE WORK IN A COLLECTION Solution Look at the contents notes for the item. Depending on the cataloger, there me be added entries for each work in a collection.

NEED MORE INFORMATION ON A WORK? New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd ed., edited by Stanley Sadie, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001). The New Grove is available online as part of Oxford Music Online. NOTEWORTHY

RESOURCES NEED TO BROWSE? USE LC SUBJECT HEADINGS SUBJECT HEADINGS BY: Type of Music Folk music, Jazz, Popular music, New age music

Type of Musician Composers, Conductors (Music), Jazz Musicians, Singers Geographic Region Music Africa, Music India, Music United States Time Period

Music 15th Century, Music 17th Century FINDING WORKS IN ANTHOLOGIES: Title keyword search in local catalog or WorldCat

Broaden to genre + composer name Read the contents notes carefully individual pieces are often indexed here.

Song indexes: o Sears, Song Index and Supplement o Ferguson, Song Finder (indexes popular songs by title)

o De Charms, Songs in Collections REFERENCE SOURCES: Dictionaries & Encyclopedias: New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians (available in print or

online as part of Oxford Music Online) New Harvard Dictionary of Music Garland Encyclopedia of World Music (print or online) Thematic catalogs Guides to research bibliographies of composers, genres, instruments, etc. Discographies lists of recordings

REFERENCE SOURCES: Song indexes Directories: Musical America (festivals, agents, schools of music, etc.) Music databases available by subscription: Music Periodicals Database (formerly known as IIMP) RILM Abstracts Music Index

JSTOR RECOMMENDED FREE ONLINE SOURCES: Allmusic.com WorldCat.org Petrucci Music Library/IMSLP WHERE CAN I GO FOR MORE HELP?

Ask me! Sara Manus, [email protected] Music specialists in your area (city, state, or region) Music Library Association regional chapters SEMLA covers North Carolina. Association listservs, like MLA-L.

Access the PowerPoint slides and links to various resources on my Research Guide, http:// researchguides.library.vanderbilt.edu/semla_reference_ 2016 . Sara J. Beutter Manus, Vanderbilt University, Anne Potter Wilson Music Library, (615) 322-8686, [email protected]

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