National Electrical Code 2008 LANES NOTES Article 440 Air Conditioning & Refrigerating Equipment LANES NOTES Article 440
440.2 Definitions Branch-Circuit Selection Current. The value in amperes to be used instead of the rated-load current in determining the ratings of motor branchcircuit conductors, disconnecting means, controllers, and branch-circuit short-circuit and ground-fault protective devices wherever the running overload protective device permits a sustained current greater than the specified percentage of the rated-load current. The value of branch-circuit selection current will always be equal to or greater than the marked rated-load current. LANES NOTES
Article 440 440.2 Definitions Hermetic Refrigerant Motor-Compressor. A combination consisting of a compressor and motor, both of which are enclosed in the same housing, with no external shaft or shaft seals, the motor operating in the refrigerant. LANES NOTES Photo courtesy of Emerson Climate Technologies
Article 440 440.2 Definitions Rated-Load Current. The rated-load current for a hermetic refrigerant motor-compressor is the current resulting when the motor-compressor is operated at the rated load, rated voltage, and rated frequency of the equipment it serves. LANES NOTES Article 440
440.4 Marking on Hermetic Refrigerant Motor Compressors and Equipment. Nameplate Manufacturers Name Phase & Voltage Frequency RLA Rated Load Amp for each motor & compressor LRA of each single phase motor more than 9 amperes @ 115v or more than 4.5 amperes @ 230v Identify thermally protected LANES NOTES
440.4 Marking (cont.d) Branch Circuit Section Current Maximum current circuit in amperes for fuses or circuit breakers Minimum voltages for proper operation LANES NOTES 440.6 Ampacity and Rating. The size of conductors for equipment covered by this article shall be selected from Table 310.16
through Table 310.19 or calculated in accordance with 310.15 as applicable. The required ampacity of conductors and rating of equipment shall be determined according to 440.6(A) and 440.6(B). LANES NOTES 440.6(A) Hermetic Refrigerant MotorCompressor. For a hermetic refrigerant motor-compressor, the rated-load current marked on the nameplate of the equipment in which the motor-compressor is employed shall be used in determining the rating or
ampacity of the disconnecting means, the branchcircuit conductors, the controller, the branch-circuit short-circuit and ground-fault protection, and the separate motor overload protection. Where no rated load current is shown on the equipment nameplate, the rated-load current shown on the compressor nameplate shall be used. LANES NOTES Exception No. 1: Where so marked, the branchcircuit selection current shall be used instead of the rated-load current to determine the rating or ampacity of the disconnecting means, the branchcircuit conductors, the controller, and the branchcircuit short-circuit and ground-fault protection. Exception No.2: For cord-and-plug-connected
equipment, the nameplate marking shall be used in accordance with 440.22(B), LANES NOTES 440.8 Single Machine. An air-conditioning or refrigerating system shall be considered to be a single machine under the provisions of 430.87, Exception, and 430.112, Exception. The motors shall be permitted to be located remotely from each other.
LANES NOTES Disconnecting Means 440.11 General. The provisions of Part II are intended to require disconnecting means capable of disconnecting air conditioning and refrigerating equipment, including motor compressors and controllers from the circuit conductors. LANES NOTES
440.12 Rating and Interrupting Capacity . (A) Hermetic Refrigerant Motor-Compressor. A disconnecting means serving a hermetic refrigerant motor compressor shall be selected on the basis of the nameplate rated-load current or branch-circuit selection current, whichever is greater, and lockedrotor current, respectively, of the motorcompressor as follows. (1) Ampere Rating. The ampere rating shall be at least 115 percent of the nameplate rated-load current or branch circuit selection current, whichever is greater. LANES NOTES 440.12(b)(1)(b)
The locked-rotor current equivalent to the horsepower rating of each motor, other than a hermetic refrigerant motor-compressor, shall be selected from Table 430.251(A) or Table 430.251(B), and, for fan and blower motors of the shaded-pole or permanent split-capacitor type marked with the locked-rotor current, the marked value shall be used. The locked-rotor currents shall be added to the motor-compressor locked-rotor current(s) and to the rating in amperes of other loads to obtain an equivalent locked-rotor current for the combined load
LANES NOTES Table 430.251(a) LANES NOTES 440.12(c) Small Motor-Compressors. For small motor compressors not having the lockedrotor current marked on the nameplate, or for small motors not covered by Table 430.247, Table 430.248, Table 430.249, or Table 430.250, the locked-rotor current shall be assumed to be six times the rated-load current.
LANES NOTES 440.12(d) Disconnecting Means. Every disconnecting means in the refrigerant motor-compressor circuit between the point of attachment to the feeder and the point of connection to the refrigerant motor-compressor shall comply with the requirements of 440.12. LANES NOTES
440.13 Cord-Connected Equipment. For cord-connected equipment such as room air conditioners, household refrigerators and freezers, drinking water coolers, and beverage dispensers, a separable connector or an attachment plug and receptacle shall be permitted to serve as the disconnecting means. LANES NOTES 440.14 Location. Disconnecting means shall be located within sight
from and readily accessible from the air conditioning or refrigerating equipment. The disconnecting means shall be permitted to be installed on or within the air-conditioning or refrigerating equipment. The disconnecting means shall not be located on panels that are designed to allow access to the air conditioning or refrigeration equipment. LANES NOTES This material was extracted from Mike Holt Training Materials copyright 2007 by
permission. Visit mikeholt.com or call 1.888.NEC.CODE (632-2633) for more information. LANES NOTES 440.22 Application and Selection. (A) Rating or Setting for Individual Motor Compressor. The motor, compressor branch-circuit short circuit and ground-fault protective device shall be capable of carrying the starting current of the motor. A protective device having a rating or setting not exceeding 175
percent of the motor-compressor rated-load current or branch circuit selection current, whichever is greater, shall be permitted, provided that, where the protection specified is not sufficient for the starting current of the motor, the rating or setting shall be permitted to be increased but shall not exceed 225 percent of the motor rated-load current or , branch-circuit selection current, LANES NOTES whichever is greater. 440.22(c) Protective Device Rating Not to Exceed the Manufacturer's Values. Where maximum protective device ratings shown
on a manufacturer's overload relay table for use with a motor controller are less than the rating or setting selected in accordance with 440.22(A) and (B), the protective device rating shall not exceed the manufacturer's values marked on the equipment. LANES NOTES 440.35 Multimotor and Combination-Load Equipment. The ampacity of the conductors supplying
multimotor and combination-load equipment shall not be less than the minimum circuit ampacity marked on the equipment in accordance with 440.4(B). LANES NOTES 440.52 Application and Selection. (A) Protection of Motor-Compressor. Each motor compressor shall be protected against overload and failure to start by one of the following means: Overload relay that is responsive to motor compressor
current at no more than 140 percent of the RLA A thermal protector integral with the motor compressor, approved for use with the motor compressor that it protects on the basis that it will prevent dangerous overheating of the motor compressor due to overlaod and failure to start. Fuse or inverse time circuit breaker responsive to motor current. LANES NOTES 440.52 Application and Selection. (B) Time Delay. The short-circuit and ground-fault
protective device protecting the branch circuit shall have sufficient time delay to permit the motorcompressor and other motors to start and accelerate their loads. LANES NOTES Provisions for Room Air Conditioners 440.60 General. The provisions of Part VII shall apply to electrically energized room air conditioners that control temperature and humidity. The provisions of Part VII cover equipment rated not over 250 volts, single phase, and such
equipment shall be permitted to be cord-and attachment - plug -connected. LANES NOTES 440.61 Grounding. The enclosures of room air conditioners shall be connected to the equipment grounding conductor in accordance with 250.110, 250.112, and 250.114. 440.62 Branch Circuit Requirements (b) Where No Other Loads Are Supplied. The total
marked rating of a cord-and-attachment-plugconnected room air conditioner shall not exceed 80 percent of the rating of a branch circuit where no other loads are supplied. LANES NOTES 440.63 Disconnecting Means. An attachment plug and receptacle shall be permitted to serve as the disconnecting means for a single-phase room air conditioner rated 250 volts or less if (1) the manual controls on the room air conditioner are readily accessible and located within 1.8 m (6 ft) of the
floor or (2) an approved manually operable disconnecting means is installed in a readily accessible location within sight from the room air conditioner. LANES NOTES 440.64 Supply Cords. Where a flexible cord is used to supply a room air conditioner, the length of such cord shall not exceed 3.0 m (10 ft) for a nominal, 120-volt rating or 1.8 m (6 ft) for a nominal, 208- or 240-volt rating.
LANES NOTES Article 250 Equipment Grounding & Grounding Conductors LANES NOTES Article 250 Equipment Grounding 250.110 Equipment Fastened in Place or
Connected by Permanent Wiring Methods(Fixed). Exposed non current carrying metal parts of fixed equipment likely to become energized shall be connected to the equipment grounding conductor under any of the following conditions: LANES NOTES Article 250 250.11 (cont.d) (1) Where within 2.5 m (8 ft) vertically or 1.5 m (5- ft)
horizontally of ground or grounded metal objects and subject to contact by persons (2) Where located in a wet or damp location and not isolated (3) Where in electrical contact with metal (4) Where in a hazardous (classified) location as covered by Articles 500 through 517 (5) Where supplied by a metal-clad, metal-sheathed, metalraceway, or other wiring method that provides an equipment ground, except as permitted by 250.86,Where equipment operates with any terminal at over 150 volts to ground LANES NOTES
Article 250 250.112(c) Motor Frames Motor frames, as provided by 430.242 250.114 Equipment Connected by Cord and Plug. Under any of the conditions described in 250.114(1) through (4), exposed non-currentcarrying metal parts of cord-and-plug-connected equipment likely to become energized shall be grounded.
LANES NOTES Article 250 250.114(3) In residential occupancies: Refrigerators, freezers and air conditioners. Clothes washing, clothes drying, dish washing, kitchen waste disposal. Hand held motor operated tools Motor operated appliances Portable hand lamps LANES NOTES
Article 250 250.118 Types of Equipment Grounding Conductors. The equipment grounding conductor run with or enclosing the circuit conductors shall be one or more or a combination of the following: (1)A copper, aluminum, or copper clad aluminum conductor. This conductor shall be solid or stranded; insulated, covered or bare; and in the form of a wire or busbar of any shape. (2) Rigid metal conduit.
(3) Intermediate metal conduit (4) Electrical metallic tubing LANES NOTES Article 250 250.118 Types of Equipment Grounding Conductors. (5) Listed flexible metal conduit meeting all the following conditions: (a)The conduit is terminated with listed fittings. (b)The circuit conductors contained in the conduit are protected by overcurrent devices are rated at 20
amperes or less. (c) The combined length of flexible metal conduit and flexible metallic tubing and liquid tight flexible metal conduit in the same ground return path does not exceed 1l.8m (6 ft.) LANES NOTES Article 250 250.118 Types of Equipment Grounding Conductors. (d) Where used to connect equipment where flexibility is necessary after installation, an equipment grounding
conductor shall be installed. This material was extracted from Mike Holt Training Materials copyright 2007 by permission. Visit mikeholt.com or call 1.888.NEC.CODE (632-2633) for more information. LANES NOTES
Article 250 250.119 Identification of Equipment Grounding Conductors. Unless required elsewhere in this Code, equipment grounding conductors shall be permitted to be bare, covered, or insulated. Individually covered or insulated equipment grounding conductors shall have a continuous outer finish that is either green or green with one or more yellow stripes except as permitted in this section. Conductors with insulation or individual covering that is green, green with one or more yellow stripes, or otherwise identified as permitted by this section shall not be used for
ungrounded or grounded circuit conductors. LANES NOTES Article 250 LANES NOTES This material was extracted from Mike Holt Training Materials copyright 2007 by permission. Visit mikeholt.com or call 1.888.NEC.CODE (632-2633) for more information.
Article 250 250.122 Size of Equipment Grounding Conductors. (A) General. Copper, aluminum, or copperclad aluminum equipment grounding conductors of the wire type shall not be smaller than shown in Table 250.122, but in no case shall they be required to
be larger than the circuit conductors supplying the LANES NOTES equipment. Article 250 This material was extracted from Mike Holt Training Materials copyright 2007 by permission. Visit mikeholt.com or call 1.888.NEC.CODE (632-2633) for more information.
LANES NOTES Article 250 250.8 Connection of Grounding and Bonding Equipment (a) Permitted Methods. Grounding conductors and bonding jumpers shall be connected by one of the following means: Listed pressure connectors Terminal bars Pressure connectors listed as grounding and bonding equiment
Exothermal welding Machine screw type fasteners Connections that are part of a listed assembly LANES NOTES Article 250 This material was extracted from Mike Holt Training Materials copyright 2007 by permission. Visit mikeholt.com or call 1.888.NEC.CODE (632-2633) for more information. LANES NOTES
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