Natural Gas Pathways: - AEE SoCal

Natural Gas Pathways: - AEE SoCal

Natural Gas Pathways: Towards a Clean and Renewable Energy Future for California Southern California Gas Company September 24, 2015 Californias Dual Emissions Challenge Federal Clean Air Act and California Climate Change Initiative FEDERAL CLEAN AIR ACT Reduce SMOG by 75-80% before the next 20 years CA CLIMATE GOALS (AB32) GOVERNORS EO: By 2050, reduce GHG emissions to 80% of 1990 Measures to Reduce Smog and GHG Emissions Drive Todays Energy and Environmental Agenda Natural Gas will Play an Increasing Role as a Solution

And, we have a CLEAR FOCUS THE TRANSPORTATION SECTOR Major Ozone (NOx) Emissions Sources in South Coast Air Basin 80% of the regions SMOG 40% of its GHG emissions California Climate Change Policy Make Room for Near-Zero End Uses and Low Carbon Gas 2030 Targets - 50% RPS - 50% more EE savings - 50% Petroleum reduction - 40% GHG reduction below 1990 levels Legislation SB350 SB32 GHG Reduction Fund California focused on electrifying end

uses and de-carbonizing electricity Electrify transportation Electrify energy end uses De-carbonize generation SoCalGas focused on near-zero end use technology and de-carbonizing the pipeline Near-zero NGVs Near-zero gas technology Decarbonize gas supply Hydrogen blending Renewable methane feedstocks Its NOT Either/Or. It IS Both/And! NGV Game Changer New Near-Zero Truck Engine to be Ready for Prime Time SoCalGas working with agencies and engine manufacturers to deliver truck engine 90% lower emissions for 2018! Tailpipe emissions the same as

emissions from generating electricity to run similar truck on electricity, years before heavyduty EV trucks ready for the market Near Near Zero Zero Emission Emission Natural Natural Gas Engine Gas Engine <0.02 <0.02 g g NOx NOx 5 Natural Gas Energy Efficiency A Resource of First Choice for Multiple End Uses Expands upon 2012 Science article Energy Efficiency has been a critical part of state policy for more than two decades. EE maximizes uses, reduces GHG emissions, creates jobs New EE goal is unachievable without including To-Code Savings in EE Programs. State needs to shape Policies to increase EE Savings. 6 Codes & Standards: The Driver of Energy Efficiency and Zero Net Energy From Technology Conceptualization to Code Compliance Aggressive aspiration goals for Zero Net Energy (ZNE) All Residential New Construction by 2020 All Commercial New Construction by 2030 50% of existing buildings to be retrofit to ZNE by 2030 As codes advance, above-code becomes difficult to justify 7 De-Carbonizing Electricity: Natural Gas Stationary Use Pathways

The move toward nearzero emission technology focuses on: Distributed Generation Community-scale Generation Matched with Renewables Power Generation with Carbon Capture Not just Solar and Wind Fuel Cells Micro-turbines Combined Heat & Power De-Carbonizing the Pipeline: Renewable Natural gas WHATS POSSIBLE POWER 2-3 million homes Convert waste from dairies, farms and landfills

CH4 into biogas using anaerobic digestion extract the methane put in the pipeline for future use REPLACE 75% of all diesel used by CA vehicles When used for transportation, Biogas from food and green waste can actually REMOVE GHGs from the atmosphere SOURCE: Bioenergy Association of California, CARB May 2014 Look-Up Table30

De-Carbonizing the Pipeline: Power-to-Gas excess renewable energy goes through electrolysis which splits the molecule hydrogen & carbon combine through methanization carbon captured from factories and plants methane can be stored in the pipeline for future use SoCalGas Facilitating Cleaner Energy Options for Our Customers

RD&D of cleaner, more efficient natural gas technologies, inc. P2G at UC Irvine. Offering tariff services to support new markets Compression Services to facilitate development of NGV market Biogas Conditioning Services to facilitate development of renewable natural gas market Proposing Distributed Energy Services tariff to facilitate more efficient use of heat and power Portfolio of Energy Efficiency Programs Supporting Legislative and Regulatory Policies that are: Fuel and Technology Neutral Maintain Customer Choice Cost Effective Appendix Technology Transfer and Transportation Pathway Current State GHG Pathway

Power To Gas Projects German Energy Agency on P2G E3 2050 Study Low Carbon Gas Pathway SB350 Overview Technology Transfer and Transportation Pathways SoCalGas Transportation Pathway focuses on natural gas vehicles in heavy duty sectors, which represent the largest share of both ozone/greenhouse gas problem. Technology transferrable to other sectors: Current Focus Transit/Fleet Vehicles Heavy Duty Trucks Short/Long Haul CNG Expanding Focus Off-road High Horsepower/ Construction

Equipment Locomotives Short/Long Haul LNG Marine Vessels Current State GHG Pathway -Focused on Electrification Will Miss Ozone Deadlines Remaining Emissions Relative to 2010 100% 90% South Coast Air Quality Management District Reductions need to 80% be achieved Faster 70% & Sooner than

60% current statewide 50% 40% Na Op tura po l Ga r tu nit s y 30% 20% 10% 0% 2010 2050 CARB Statewide GHG Target 75 ppb ozone standard 2015

CA Statewide CO2 2020 2025 Use of Natural Gas 80 ppb ozone standard 2030 2035 South Coast Target NOx 2040 GHG reduction goals 2045 2050 Reduction necessary to meet Federal Ozone Standards

in Transportation Sector can help achieve ozone standard sooner Power-to-Gas Projects: Provides green hydrogen pathway and grid storage 2MW Power-to-Gas Demonstration Plant (Falkenhagen, Germany) First power-to-gas plant to inject hydrogen into the natural gas grid (August 2013) Hydrogenics Plant (Stuttgart, Germany) Uses a PEM electrolyzer to produce H2 from water. Uses CO2 from biogas plant. Injects CH4 in pipeline system 30 projects launched in

Europe to date German Energy Agency on Power-to-Gas: System Solution DENA Website (German Energy Agency) With the Power-to-Gas Strategy Platform, the Deutsche Energie-Agentur GmbH (dena) the German Energy Agency and its partners are supporting the use and development of the Powerto-Gas system solution. CAISO (on the Duck Curve) steps must be taken to mitigate over generation risk. These steps include increasing exportsand requiring renewable generation curtailment. The ability to export power depends on the needs of neighboring entitiesthe resource mix would also benefit from resources with energy storage capabilities E3 Study: Integration of New Low/Zero Carbon Options

Expands upon 2012 Science article Strategic use of gaseous fuels supports near- and long-term goals In nearer term, opportunities for efficiency, near zero technology and new uses for natural gas (transportation) In medium- to long-term, new lowcarbon sources of gas need development and introduction 17 Pipeline de-carbonization works together with electrification towards Climate Change objectives Pipeline de-carbonization offers Cost Effective and Resilient Pathways

De-carbonization can play an important role Integrating Variable Renewable Generation Resources Pipeline de-carbonization reduces emissions in sectors that are otherwise difficult to electrify, including heavy duty vehicles; residential and commercial end uses, and industrial end uses Managing Energy Grid (gas and electric together) = efficiency and cost avoidance Senate Bill 350 Clean Energy and Pollution Reduction Act of 2015 (Sen. Kevin de Leon) Expands upon 2012 Science article Purpose: Create jobs, grow the states economy, and improve public health by setting new standards for Californias Renewable Portfolio Standard, reducing petroleum

use, and increasing energy efficiency in existing buildings. Original Legislation: Called for doubling the existing energy efficiency goals SoCalGas Position Doubling of goal is unachievable without key policy changes Amendments SoCalGas lobbied to include substantive EE policy changes, including: Allowing for to-code customer incentives and energy savings Ensures that customers receive the incentive payment amount that was committed throughout the project Allows for pay for performance energy efficiency programs Continued Gaps Amended language was removed that would ensure equal treatment to all EE program administrators

Amended language was removed that would create a more advantageous energy efficiency costeffectiveness methodology 18 Shaping Policy to Increase EE Savings Expands upon 2012 Science article Challenge: CPUC policy generally limits customer incentives to above-code savings. Tougher for customers to participate in EE programs. The standards gap between existing buildings and code requirements is widening. Governor's goal is unachievable without including To-Code Savings Current incentives are not enough for customer participation SoCalGas is working with stakeholders to improve energy efficiency program policies: CPUC authorized IOUs to implement a To-Code Pilot SoCalGas has lobbied for amended language that incorporates EE policy changes Joint Party Proposal 19

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