New Spin on an Old Theme Middle School Poetry, Blooms Taxonomy and Depth of Knowledge Lesson Objective: Gain familiarity with the Depth of Knowledge schema, new objectives and the application of these to a poem in a small group setting. A. Folder Game: Identification of levels B. Group work: Apply familiarity with DOK to teaching of poem and share your expertise. Depth of Knowledge
Taxonomy Levels DOK 1 Recall and Reproduction DOK 2 Skills, Concepts, Basic Reasoning DOK 3 Strategic Thinking, Complex Reasoning DOK 4 Extended Reasoning
Blooms Levels 1. Knowledge 2. Comprehensio n 3. Application 4. Analysis 5. Synthesis 6. Evaluation 7. Evaluation When the Teacher Says, Read/Write A Poem, by Maureen Applegate Do you get a sinking feeling in your middle? Do you saw your worries out across the fiddle? Do you sit and scratch your head? Do you get down sick in bed?
Do you wish that you were dead? As a kidll? Do you call upon your friends to do it for you? Do you cultivate school BrainsWho often bore you? Do you cover up with jokes? Do you snap at all the folks who adore you? Do you go out with the gang and cut capers While your mothers waiting up with lighted tapers? Do you weep? Do you implore That youll do it never more, When Dad meets you at the door With morning papers? When your English teacher says Write a po-em, Do you say, No, thank you, Maam; I just cant go em! But now youve time to look At the pages of this book, If you swallow line and hook,
You can showem! Yesm? Nom? Folder Game Directions: Match Depth of Knowledge Levels to objectives for reading and writing Group Work Objectives Read and interpret a poem. Examine the new 2008-2009 writing, communication, and literature objectives for the grade level that you teach. Explore various objectives, how they relate to Depth of Knowledge, and list ones pertinent to the teaching of the poems
here. Write essential questions for the poem under discussion. Elaborate for the group on strategies you would use to teach the poem. Blakes Tyger and The Lamb as examples Sample Poems THE TYGER (from Songs Of Experience) By William Blake Tyger! Tyger! burning bright In the forests of the night, What immortal hand or eye Could frame thy fearful symmetry? In what distant deeps or skies Burnt the fire of thine eyes?
On what wings dare he aspire? What the hand dare sieze the fire? And what shoulder, & what art. Could twist the sinews of thy heart? And when thy heart began to beat, What dread hand? & what dread feet? What the hammer? what the chain? In what furnace was thy brain? What the anvil? what dread grasp Dare its deadly terrors clasp? When the stars threw down their spears, And watered heaven with their tears, Did he smile his work to see? Did he who made the Lamb make thee? Tyger! Tyger! burning bright In the forests of the night, What immortal hand or eye Dare frame thy fearful symmetry?
SONGS OF INNOCENCE by WILLIAM BLAKE THE LAMB Little Lamb, who make thee Dost thou know who made thee, Gave thee life, and bid thee feed By the stream and o'er the mead; Gave thee clothing of delight, Softest clothing, wolly, bright; Gave thee such a tender voice, Making all the vales rejoice? Little Lamb, who made thee? Dost thou know who made thee? Little Lamb, I'll tell thee; Little Lamb, I'll tell thee: He is called by thy name, For He calls Himself a Lamb He is meek, and He is mild,
He became a little child. I a child, and thou a lamb, We are called by His name. Little Lamb, God bless thee! Little Lamb, God bless thee! Literature: Seventh and Eighth Grade State Performance Indicators SPI 0701.8.7 Analyze the effects of sound. DOK 3 SPI 0701.8.10 Identify and analyze figurative language. DOK 3 Grade Level Expectations GLE 0801.8.4 Analyze works of literature for what they suggest about the historical period in which they were written. DOK 3 GLE 0801.8.5 Identify and analyze common literary terms (e.g., personification, conflict, theme). DOK 3 Checks for Understanding 0701.8.17 Identify the historical period in which a literary text was written and explain the text in light of this understanding. DOK 3/4
0701.1.20 Explore the concept of allusions. DOK 2/3 0701.8.12 Consider how forms and conventions within genres affect meaning. DOK 3/4 Essential Questions: What might the animals symbolize or represent? DOK 2 What are the questions left unanswered in The Tyger but made explicit in The Lamb? DOK 4 Consider poetic forms and their effects, how does the structure and rhythm of the poem affect how we read it? DOK 3/4 Communication: Various Grades State Performance Indicators SPI 0601.2.4 Select the most appropriate behaviors for participating productively in a team. DOK 1 SPI 0601.2.5 Identify the functions and responsibilities of individual roles within in an organized group. DOK 1 SPI 0601.2.6 Determine the most effective methods for engaging an audience. DOK 2
Grade Level Expectations GLE 0601.2.1 Demonstrate critical listening skills essential for comprehension, evaluation, problem solving, and task completion. DOK 2/3 GLE 0601.2.7 Deliver effective oral presentations. DOK 1/2 GLE 0801.2.16 Explore effective rhetorical devices such as rhetorical questions, repetition, and analogies to convey complex ideas. DOK 3/4 Essential Questions: Given a development this poem into a performance of the whole verse (or the whole poem if you can) with different groups of children spread around the room, each delivering only some of the words, thus creating a spatial, choral work., ask the following: How this approach fits the nature of the poem with its sense of magic and mysterious power, and how the sound coming from all around matches the idea of the forest where sounds can startle and surprise? DOK 3 How do the four stresses in each line remind you of nursery rhymes? DOK 2 What does the poems rhythm remind you of and why is this chanting powerful? DOK 3 Writing: Various Grade Levels State Performance Indicators SPI 0701.3.10 Select an appropriate title that reflects the topic of a written selection. DOK 2 SPI 0701.3.1 Identify the purpose for writing (i.e., to inform, to describe, to explain, to
persuade, to entertain). DOK 3 SPI 0701.3.2 Identify the audience for which a text is written. DOK 3 SPI 0701.3.3 Select an appropriate thesis statement for a writing sample. DOK 3 Grade Level Expectations GLE 0801.3.1 Write in a variety of modes for a variety of audiences and purposes. DOK GLE 0701.3.3 Organize ideas into an essay with an introduction, developing paragraphs, conclusion, and appropriate transitions. DOK 3 GLE 0701.3.4 Refine strategies for editing and revising written work. DOK 3 Checks for Understanding 0601.3.1 Write in a variety of modes and genres, including description, narration, exposition, persuasion, literary response, personal expression, and imaginative. DOK 3/4 Essential Questions: In a letter to a friend, giving evidence such as rhyme and rhythm, language and vocabulary, and the tone of the poem, how would you explain to your friend which poem you prefer? DOK 3 What elements from the two poems would you include as your write a dialogue between the two animals, the tyger and the lamb? DOK 4 Luck by Langston Hughes
Sometimes a crumb falls From the tables of joy, Sometimes a bone Is flung. To some people Love is given, To others Only heaven. Copyright 1994 by The Estate of Langston Hughes, from The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes, by Langston Hughes, edited by Arnold Rampersad with David Roessel, Associate Editor. Published by Alfred A. Knopf, a division of Random House, Inc. Used by Permission of Harold Ober Associates. Pigeons They paddle with staccato feet
In powder-pools of sunlight, Small blue busybodies Strutting like fat gentlemen With hands clasped Under their swallowtail coats; And, as they stump about, Their heads like tiny hammers Tap at imaginary nails In non-existent walls. Elusive ghosts of sunshine Slither down the green gloss Of their necks in an instant, and are gone. Summer hangs drugged from sky to earth In limpid fathoms of silence: Only warm dark dimples of sound Slide like slow bubbles From the contented throats. Raise a casual hand With one quick gust They fountain into air.
Richard Kell Pretty Words by Elinor Wylie (1885-1928) Poets make pets of pretty, docile words: I love smooth words, like gold-enameled fish Which circle slowly with a silken swish, And tender ones, like downy-feathered birds: Words shy and dappled, deep-eyed deer in herds, Come to my hand, and playful if I wish, Or purring softly at a silver disk, Blue Persian kittens, fed on cream and curds. I love bright words, words up and singing early; Words that are luminous in the dark, and sing; Warm lazy words, white cattle under trees; I love words opalescent, cool, and pearly, Like midsummer moths, and honied words like bees, Gilded and sticky, with a little sting. Spider Work
by Bobby Katz 2006 I didn't mean to write a poem. A tingling starts a single spinneret I cast a line that may or may not rhyme but d a n g l e s trembling,
beckoning me to weave a web of words: a poem to house my spiderling. We Real Cool THE POOL PLAYERS. SEVEN AT THE GOLDEN SHOVEL. We real cool. We Left school. We Lurk late. We Strike straight. We Sing sin. We Thin gin. We Jazz June. We Die soon. Gwendolyn Brooks
Mountain by Kenneth Koch Nothing's moving I don't see anybody And I know that it's not a trick There really is nothing moving there And there aren't any people. It is the very utmost top Where, as is not unusual, There is snow, lying like the hair on a white-haired person's head Combed sideways and backward and forward to cover as much of the top As possible, for the snow is thinning, it's September Although a few months from now there will be a new crop Probably, though this no one KNOWS (so neither do we) But every other year it has happened by November Except for one year that's known about, nineteen twenty-three When the top was more and more uncovered until December fifteenth When finally it snowed and snowed I love seeing this mountain like a mouse
Attached to the tail of another mouse, and to another and to another In total mountain silence There is no way to get up there, and no means to stay. It is uninhabitable. No roads and no possibility Of roads. You don't have a history Do you, mountain top? This doesn't make you either a mystery Or a dull person and you're certainly not a truck stop. No industry can exploit you No developer can divide you into estates or lots No dazzling disquieting woman can tie your heart in knots. I could never lead my life on one of those spots You leave uncovered up there. No way to be there But I'm moved. Private Eye by Charles Simic To find clues where there are none, That's my job now, I said to the Dictionary on my desk. The world beyond
My window has grown illegible, And so has the clock on the wall. I may strike a match to orient myself In the meantime, there's the heart Stopping hush as the building Empties, the elevators stop running, The grains of dust stay put. Hours of quiescent sleuthing Before the Madonna with the mop Shuffles down the long corridor Trying doorknobs, turning mine. That's just little old me sweating In the customer's chair, I'll say. Keep your nose out of it. I'm not closing up till he breaks. Christina Rossetti Who Has Seen the Wind? Who has seen the wind?
Neither I nor you; But when the leaves hang trembling The wind is passing through. Christina Rossetti Who has seen the wind? Neither you nor I; But when the trees bow down their heads Hopping frog, hop here and be seen The wind is passing by. Hopping frog, hop here and be seen, Ill not pelt you with stick or stone: Your cap is laced and your coat is green; Good bye, well let each other alone. Plodding toad, plod here and be looked at, You the finger of scorn is crooked at: But though youre lumpish, youre harmless too; You wont hurt me, and I wont hurt you. Marine by Rimbaud
Chariots of copper and silver Prows of silver and steel Thresh the foam, Plough up the roots of the thornback. Currents of the heath And boundless ruts of ebb tide, Swirl in circles toward the east, Toward the pillars of the forest, Toward the trunks of the pier, Its edge struck by whirlwinds of light. (Translated by Holly Tannen) The Eagle By Alfred Lord Tennyson He clasps the crag with crooked hands; Close to the sun in lonely lands, Ringed with the azure world, he stands.
The wrinkled sea beneath him crawls; He watches from his mountain walls, And like a thunderbolt he falls. Internet Sources http://www.teachit.co.uk/attachments/ blakedwh1.pdf http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/i http://www.cis.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/ units/1979/5/79.05.03.x.html http://www.poemhunter.com/ http://www.education.ky.gov/users/otl/ CCA_DOK/CCA%20WRITING%20SUPPORT %20DOK.pdf
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