Chapter 2: Using Context Clues and Word Parts Active Reading Skills, 2/e Kathleen McWhorter Brette McWhorter Sember PowerPoint by Gretchen Starks-Martin What is Context? The words around the word you want to learn provide context clues to define the
words meaning. Example: During the lecture, the ornithologist described his research on western spotted owls as well as many other species of birds. Types of Context Clues 1. 2. 3. 4.
A writer defines a word immediately following its use. Words and phrases are used such as: means, is, refers to, and can be defined. Example: A prosthesis is an artificial replacement for a missing body part,
such as an eye, a limb, or a heart valve. Definition Clues
Punctuation often signals a clue. Commas, parentheses, and dashes are often used. Example: Glen was especially interested in nephology, a branch of meteorology that deals with clouds. Example: Middle age (35-65 years) is a time for strengthening and maintaining lifes goals. Example: Many societies are patriarchal males exert dominant power and authority.
Synonym Clues A writer provides a word or brief phrase that is close in meaning. The synonym may appear in the same sentence or in a later sentence. Examples of Synonym Clues The author purposely left the ending of his novel ambiguous, or unclear, so
readers would have to decide for themselves what happened. After the soccer match, a melee broke out in the parking lot. Three people were injured in the brawl, and several others were arrested. Example Clues
A writer often includes examples that help to explain or clarify a word. They use words and phrases such as: to illustrate, for instance, for example, such as, and including. Example: Microscopic pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi, constantly threaten our health as we go about our daily lives.
Contrast Clues It is sometimes possible to determine the meaning of an unknown word from a word or phrase that has an opposite meaning. Example: At the wedding reception, the parents of the bride seemed to welcome all the attention whereas the grooms parents eschewed it by staying at their table.
Inference Clues Many times you can figure out the meaning of an unknown word by using logic and reasoning skills. Example: Langston Hughes was a protean writer; although he is known mainly for his poetry, he also wrote plays, novels, short stories, childrens books, songs, and essays.
What Are Word Parts? Prefixes beginning of a word Suffixes end of a word Roots the core of a words meaning; usually combined with a suffix and/or prefix Example of Word Parts The parents thought their child was unteachable.
(Prefix) un = not (Root) teach = help someone learn (Suffix) able = able to do something Unteachable = not able to be taught Prefixes - Beginnings of Words
Prefixes + Root = New Word dis + respect = disrespect Meaning: not + respect = lack of respect See Table 2-1 for Common Prefixes Roots Core Meaning of Words Root dic/dict means tell or say.
Dictate = to speak for someone to write down Dictionary = a book that tells what words mean See Table 2-2 for Common Roots Roots When you see a word you dont know: 1. Look for the root first. 2. Keep in mind that the spelling of a root may change a bit if it is
combined with a suffix. Suffixes Word Endings Root + Suffix = New Word
class + ify = classify (verb) class + ic + classic (adjective) class _ ification = classification (noun) See Table 2-3 for Common Suffixes Evaluating Your Progress Use the Vocabulary module in the Reading Skills section on the MyReadingLab Web site at http:// www.ablongman.com/myreadinglab.
For extra practice visit the Companion Web site. http://www.ablongman.com/mcwhorter
HEAT INJURY PREVENTION References MCO 3500.27A Marine Corps ORM MCO P5102.1A NAVMED P-5010 Naval Preventive Medicine Purpose Commanders at all levels are responsible the planning and execution of a command sponsored heat injury prevention program set forth in MCO 6200.1E...
President Truman agrees to send U. S. troops Eventually 16 nations send troops in the first U. N. military action in history; but most are from U.S. Supreme Allied Commander: General Douglas MacArthur First troops in are U. S. troops...
Workforce growth. Focus on three key areas: Education - will deliver more medical school places, increased nursing undergraduate places and other priorities. Retention - keeping existing staff has the most immediate impact. Recruitment from outside the NHS.
Seismic Performance of Dissipative Devices Martin Williams University of Oxford Japan-Europe Workshop on Seismic Risk Bristol, July 2004 Outline Introduction to knee bracing Optimisation of the knee element design: Full-scale experiments on knee elements Finite element modelling Seismic design and...
All students must take: A second language (French or Squamish) Three consecutive years Grades 8,9 & 10 * exception made for LC students Grade 9 Electives …all students will take a minimum of 4 half year elective courses: Fine Arts...
DoD would implement a program to improve significantly the means to locate, identify, characterize, and target adversarial hard and deeply buried targets. Long Range Strike. DoD will pursue a systems level approach to defeat critical fixed and mobile targets at...
Make a blended white sauce (starch gelatinisation) to demonstrate understanding of viscosity, liquid/starch ratios, convection/conduction and agitation Make a reduction sauce to demonstrate how evaporation concentrates flavour and changes viscosity Make an emulsion sauce to demonstrate the technical skills of...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!