Source: Trevor Mein Source: Lab + Bates Smart Architects Jodie Misiak Federation Square May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Existing Conditions: CBD Yarra River Princes Bridge Flinders Station Flinders St Rail Yard St Pauls Cathedral Jodie Misiak Federation Square May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation
Site History & Impetus for Project Princes Gate Office Towers (1967) -Unpopular Development along edge of railyard. Divided the City from its River -Demolished in 1996 Source: State Library of Victoria Desire to create a civic space linking the Central Business District to the Yarra Waterfront. -Various previous attempts to roof the adjacent rail yard (1925, 1958, 1961, 1973.) Federation Square Source: State Library of Victoria Jodie Misiak May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Basic Project Components Support Deck -Constructed over fully operational Flinders Street rail yard.
-Required both sufficient structural support and vibration absorbing materials Square -Plaza of carved Kimberley sandstone -Designed for up to 15,000 people Atrium -Portion of plaza enclosed to form large covered public space -Contains medium-sized amphitheater -Climate controlled by Labyrinth System Source: ABC Online Source: Ana Susanj Jodie Misiak Federation Square May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Basic Project Components Buildings Characterized by triangular faade panels in a variety of materials Tenants include: -Ian Potter Centre: NGV Australia
-ACMI (Australian Centre for the Moving Image) -SBS Radio, Television & Online -Transport Hotel -Melbourne Visitor Centre -Restaurant/Retail Establishments Source: Ana Susanj Jodie Misiak Federation Square May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Will This Project Be Sustainable? Not just an environmental perspective. Important to look at all aspects of sustainability. Key Overarching Questions: Can this project have a longer lifespan than the Princes Gate development? Is it the right choice for this time and place? Will Federation Square become properly integrated into Melbournes existing environment (economic, natural, cultural,
social, etc.) ? Federation Square Jodie Misiak May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Engagement Public Undertaking Not Enough Public Participation? Design Selection: 177 short Competition (1996) resulted in entries, five of which were listed of Final Selection panel comprised 7 expert judges Stakeholder Concerns: Source: Julian Kinma
Aesthetics of plan - Appealing to the majority? Opposition centered on the shards controversy Federation Square Jodie Misiak May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation People Positives from the Perspective of the Average Melburnian: Significant connection between city and river Contribute to national/international prestige of the city and overall civic pride Provide space for cultural and civic activities (museum, amphitheater, multicultural broadcasting station, indoor/outdoor plaza, etc.) Potential for new jobs Jodie Misiak Federation Square May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation
People Negatives from the Perspective of the Average Melburnian: City with Relatively Low Densities- Is there too much open space? Is there a specific target audience or will it be enjoyed by a mix of people? Increases in traffic congestion Lack of aesthetic appeal (ugly, confronting, etc.) Source: Ken Irwin Large amount of money spent on one prestige project. Best use of government funds? Jodie Misiak Federation Square May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation + Environment Construction over rail yard:
potential similarities to brownfields projects. Attempt to incorporate elements of green design (labyrinth, limited use of certain materials, etc.) - Little mention of potential impact on Yarra River (increased runoff, debris from lengthy construction process, etc.). Creation of unpleasant microclimate? Federation Square (wind tunnel effect) Source: Ana Susnanj Source: Mark Roper (ABC Online) Jodie Misiak May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Institutional Arrangements & Governance
Institutional Challenges: Change of government midway through the construction process. Political battles over building sizes, placement, and location of various functions. Impact on Overall Project: - Significant change of design - Reassignment of management duties - Expanded construction timeline Federation Square Source: St Pauls Cathedral Source: John Gollings, ABC Online Jodie Misiak May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Economy Financed by City of Melbourne, State of Victoria, the Commonwealth, and private investors Original Cost Projections: ~ $150 million Australian (Timeline: July 1997 - June 2001)
Actual cost: ~ $450 million Australian (Timeline: July 1997 - October 2002) Profitability was not main goal Was public undertaking designed to enhance the Yarra waterfront and revitalize the City Jodie Misiak Federation Square May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Economy: Financial Sustainability Annual Figures Receipts 2002/2003 2003/2004 2004/2005 2005/2006 2006/2007
Commercial (Net Revenue) Parking Public Space Hire Merchandise & Events Revenue Tenancies Less Leasing Expenses Net Com m ercial Revenue MCC Contribution Other Revenue Net Com m ercial Revenue 849,168 77,333 800,000 3,783,221 -100,000 5,409,722 1,474,651 119,480 824,000 8,214,391 -103,000 10,529,522 1,518,891 123,064 848,720
-1,801,840 -5,689,002 -2,278,398 -1,853,000 -11,622,240 340,367 -1,875,293 -5,859,672 -2,346,750 -1,853,000 -11,934,715 406,166 Paym ents Corporate Services Development and Operations Marketing and Communications Loan Repayment Total Operating Costs Net Surplus/(Deficit) Source: Federation Square Management, 2002/2003 Corporate and Business Plan Federation Square
Jodie Misiak May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Economy: Broader Impacts Tourist attraction on par with Sydney Opera House? Ways to measure this? Source: Opera House Website Intended to attract over 6,000,000 visitors per year - Feb. 2003 total: ~ 2,000,000 Expected to employ over 600 people Source:Peter Clarke, ABC Online Jodie Misiak Federation Square May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Traditional & Non-Market Considerations It speaks for the future, not of the past and I think its going to be one of the most exciting offerings about the way we celebrate 100 years. I suppose we could have done a sewage scheme instead.
Theres got to be room for the spirit, and if theres not room for the spirit in Australia were a very poor community. - Robert McClelland, Victorian Minister for Planning 1992-99 Source: Trevor Mein Jodie Misiak Federation Square May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Traditional & Non-Market Considerations Does the project inspire? Will it be the cultural heart of Melbourne? Will Melburnians become reacquainted with their waterfront? Jodie Misiak Federation Square Source: Ana Susanj
May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation Overall Integrated Assessment & Continuous Learning Project has only recently been completed - still unclear whether the major objectives have been met. Received a great deal of attention, both positive and negative. Will be several years before we can know if the significant costs of Federation Square were truly justified. Continuation of Shard Debate? Possible redesign of the site in near future? Jodie Misiak Federation Square May 9, 2003 Project Evaluation
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