Created by Mrs. Gail Wiltshire Flight 2003 Interactive

Created by Mrs. Gail Wiltshire Flight 2003 Interactive

Created by Mrs. Gail Wiltshire Flight 2003 Interactive P resentation WES Airline, Flight 2003 will leave Washington Dulles International Airport. We will fly to Chicago to refuel. From Chicago we will fly to Capital International Airport in Beijing, China. Our flight will take almost 17 hours and will cost $913.00 per person.

Next slide Please be seated and wait to hear from our pilot. Next slide Welcome to WES Flight 2003 with a final destination of Beijing, China. My name is Bill Warrick and I will be your pilot during your trip. Please: Be seated. Find your seat belt and snap it on. Stay seated and belted until we have completed take off and are in the air. I will make an

announcement when you may take Next slide My name is Mrs. Phillips. I would like to welcome you to WES Flight 2003. I look forward to making your trip as comfortable as possible. I would like to go over a few pre-flight procedures: You have been provided with a bag in the event you become ill. Should we experience turbulence and if the air pressure in the cabin decreases, oxygen masks will drop down in front of you. Please place the

mask over your face and stay calm. Next slide Life vests and floats are located under your seats. The side doors will open in the event we need to make an emergency evacuation. Please be aware these are just precautions and I feel certain you will have an enjoyable flight. Sit back, relax and enjoy your flight. During your flight we will serve a light snack. Should you have any questions or needs, please raise your hand. Enjoy your flight!!

Next slide We are now beginning to taxi down the runway. Next slide A view from the plane. Next slide Next slide Next slide

Please relax and enjoy your inflight movie. After our movie, we will land in Beijing, China. Next slide Welcome to China! Home Lets learn more about Ancient China. This part is an interactive presentation. Have fun!! The Great Wall Location

Inventions Climate and Land Writing Chinese Zodiac End North America Europe Asia China is located on the

continent of Asia. Africa South America Australia Antarctica China is in the shape of a moose. Home Ancient China This sign further tells how the Chinese government has restored the

Badaling section of the Wall for all to see. More about the Wall Home Ancient China More about the Wall Ancient China More about the Wall Ancient China This is how the Wall looks as you walk along it. It goes mostly up, but

occasionally down for short distances. It also can tip to one side, as it does here. These days, many village folk sell remembrances along the Wall. They attract attention by shouting "Allo!" at every western tourist. If you don't respond, they approach you and stick their merchandise right in front of you. Ancient China The Great Wall is the only man made structure that can be seen from space. The Great Wall is approximately 4,000 miles long. The first section of the Great Wall took 10 years to build at the rate of about one mile per day The Great Wall was built entirely by hand.

It was built with dirt, stone and bricks. At the top of the wall, a roadway paved with three layers of brick connected the watchtowers. The roadways were wide enough to hold ten soldiers side by side. Back to Fun Stuff Ancient China Inventions Yo-Yo Papermaking

Abacus Gunpowder Silk Compass Wheelbarrow Ancient China Papermaking Chinese legend tells that the new invention of paper was presented to the Emperor in the year 105 AD by Cai Lun. Archeological evidence, however, shows that paper was in use two hundred years before then. Either way, the Chinese were significantly ahead of the rest of the

world. The craft of papermaking relied upon an abundance of bamboo fiber to produce a fine quality paper. In China the papermaker uses only the traditional materials and methods to produce fine art paper. Back to Inventions Ancient China Gunpowder Imagine their enemy's surprise when the Chinese first demonstrated their newest invention in the eighth century AD. Chinese scientists discovered that an explosive mixture could be produced by combining sulfur, charcoal, and saltpeter (potassium nitrate). The military applications were clear. New weapons were

rapidly developed, including rockets and others that were launched from a bamboo tube. Once again, the raw materials at hand, like bamboo, contributed ideas for new technologies. Ancient China Compass By the third century AD, Chinese scientists had studied and learned much about magnetism in nature. For example, they knew that iron ore, called magnetite, tended to align itself in a North/South position. Scientists learned to "make magnets" by heating pieces of ore to red hot temperatures and then cooling the pieces in a North/South position. The magnet was then placed on a piece of reed and

floated in a bowl of water marked with directional bearings. These first navigational compasses were widely used on Chinese ships by the eleventh century AD. Back to Inventions Ancient China YO-YO or EMPTY BELL The oldest toy in the world was the yo-yo. The "empty bell" was invented during the Ming Dynasty between 1386 to 1644 AD. During the Chinese festivals in the old days, the Chinese yo-yo presentations played an important role as an entertaining program. The yo-yo became

popular in the North part of China in the spring. The bamboo or empty bell was made of two ends of round saucer shapes with the middle being a horizontal piece of wood. They were mounted on a string and twirled with a vibrating motion. This emitted a humming sound. Back to Inventions Ancient China Abacus The abacus is a calculator for adding, subtracting, dividing and multiplying. Tests have shown that, for operations of addition and subtraction, the abacus is still faster than the

electronic calculator. Back to Inventions Ancient China Silk China is the first country in the world that discovered the use of silk. Silkworms were domesticated as early as 5000 years ago. The production of silk thread and fabrics gave rise to the art of embroidery. Historical documents record the use of embroidery in China as early as 2255 B.C. Archaeological finds, however, place the beginnings of embroidery at some point during the Shang dynasty(1766B.C.1122 B.C.)

Back to Inventions Ancient China Wheelbarrow The wheelbarrow was invented by the Chinese. The Chinese wheelbarrow had a single wheel in the middle of the wheelbarrow. Farmers used the wheelbarrow to take a load of produce to the market place. Builders used the wheelbarrow to carry heavy building supplies. Soldiers used the wheelbarrow to remove injured or dead people from the battlefield.

Back to Inventions Ancient China Climate There are 4 seasons. China has a variety of plant life. Land Rivers Ancient China

More Land The Gobi Desert Bamboo Land Forests Ancient China Land Rivers Mount Everest

Hills & Mountains Now slicing nearly six miles (ten kilometers) into the sky, the Himalaya became the highest mountain range on Earth. Mount Everest continues to rise. How fast is the great peak growing? In 1994 researchers placed a global positioning satellite (GPS) device on the South Col, a plateau below the summit. Readings suggest that Everest grows 0.1576 inches (about four millimeters) each year. Ancient China The Yangtze River, called Chang Jiang in Chinese, is the longest river in China and becomes well-known by its Three

Gorges scenery. Ancient China The Terra Cotta Army More Army More than 25 years ago, in 1974, Chinese farmers were digging a well in central China when they discovered an important archaeological site. They discovered fragments from the burial grounds of a Chinese emperor, Shi Huangdi (Shee-hwang-dee). Ancient His name is also spelled Shihuangdi.

China More Army Qin was the name of the part of China he ruled. He had his army of more than one million soldiers conquer the entire country in 221 B.C. He united all the little kingdoms he conquered and became an emperor. An emperor is the supreme ruler of an empire. Like most Chinese, he believed in taking the real world with him when he died. He wanted his tomb to be spectacular, and he certainly would need an army to protect him when he died. Therefore, he ordered a terra cotta (clay) army be built. He

ordered that the terra cotta soldiers be set up in formation with their backs to him. The terra cotta soldiers and horses would stand guard in order to protect him from attack. Ancient China As many as 700,000 people worked for more than thirty years to make the 7,000 - 8,000 soldiers, horses and chariots. When they were first made more than 2,000 years ago, the soldiers were brightly painted and held real weapons. While molds were used to make the bodies, no two soldiers were alike. They had

different hair styles, shoes, expressions and uniforms. Over the years, the paint has faded, and vandals have taken the weapons. Most of the bodies are smashed because the wooden ceiling that was above them fell, and terra cotta breaks easily. Therefore, most of the soldiers are in bits and pieces. Archaeologists carefully sift through the dirt inch by inch to find the tiniest parts. Back to Fun Stuff Ancient China Farming,Lif e

More Farm Life Most of the people of ancient China were peasant farmers who grew crops on small plots of land. Every member of the family helped grow and harvest the crops. Farmers supplied food to the army and to people in the city. Farmers in the north grew wheat, millet, and barley to eat. Farmers in the south grew rice to eat. Farmers may have kept pigs and chickens, but dairy cows were not kept due to a lack of pasture land. Oxen and water buffalo were used to pull carts

and plows. Back to Fun Stuff Ancient China Farming, Life Villagers dug ditches and canals to water the fields. Many farmers used simple wooden or stone tools even after bronze and iron weapons were invented. The lives of peasant farmers consisted of many long, back-breaking hours tending to crops. Peasant farmers also had to serve in the army and help with government projects such as building walls and canals.

Poor people spent most of their time growing and preparing food, or doing heavy work such as digging and carrying large loads. Farmers use a method known as terracing which is cutting flat plains into hillsides. They would farm on the flat plains. The flat plains looked like shelves coming out of the side of a hill. Cutting flat plains into the hillside Back also to Fun Stufferosion in a hilly area. Ancient China would slow Food Poor people ate simple meals. Their main foods were rice,

grains, millet, vegetables, and beans. If they ate meat, it was usually chicken or wild bird. Once in a while, they ate fish. Wealthy people ate pork, lamb, venison, duck, goose, pigeon. For special occasions they might eat snakes, dogs, snails, sparrows, or bear claws. Both rich and poor people used spices, salt, sugar, honey, and soy sauce to add flavor to the food. Vegetables and fruits were always included in a wealthy person's diet. To save fuel, food was chopped into small pieces and cooked quickly in an iron frying pan, or wok, for a few minutes only. Steaming was also a common cooking method with the rich and poor. People usually drank tea.

Back to Fun Stuff Ancient China Clothing More Clothing Clothing was a mark of class in ancient China. The type of fabric, the color and decorations on the fabric, jewelry, headgear and footwear all told something about the wearer's position in society. High-ranking people dressed in the finest silk in public. Peasants wore a long, shirt-like garment, made of undyed hemp fiber. Hemp is a rough fabric woven from plant fibers.

The type of jewelry worn showed the position of that person in society. A man almost always wore a hat in public. The hat showed the wearer's occupation and status in society. Back to Fun Stuff Ancient China Clothin g Women's long hair was arranged in topknots and held in place by hairpins and other ornaments. Wealthy women wore elaborate make-up. People wore thick padded clothing in winter. From the Sui dynasty onward, only the emperor was

allowed to wear yellow. Ordinary people had to dress in blue and black. White was for mourning, and children could not wear white while their parents were alive. Back to Fun Stuff Ancient China Homes Farmers usually made their homes from mud bricks with reed or tile roofs. The bottom floor was often built below ground to help keep the family warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer. Some Chinese built their house with timber or bamboo poles. A timber frame held up the roof. The outer walls were sometimes made of brick. The Chinese preferred wood

to stone for building because it looked more natural and it was less likely to injure people if the house collapsed during an earthquake. Poor people often cooked outside in the open air. Wealth people had a kitchen indoors on the bottom floor. Servants would also live on the bottom floor. Charcoal or coal was burned in the fireplace to keep the house warm. A traditional home was divided into different sections by courtyards. Back to Fun Stuff Ancient China Beliefs and

Customs Families in China usually included many generations living together - often under the same roof. The oldest male was usually in charge of everyone in the house. There was little individualism in Chinese families. Decisions were made that benefited the entire family and family honor and family achievements were more important than individual needs or achievements. Age demanded respect. The old were considered wise and were treated with honor. Children were taught to respect and obey their elders. Children were taught that they must care for their mothers and fathers in sickness and old age. Boys learned their family's trade, and girls learned to manage a household.

Back to Fun Stuff Ancient China Entertainment and Pets Poor people enjoyed storytelling. More Entertainment and Pets The Chinese played card games,board games and chess. In the Chinese game of mah-jong, players use small tiles with pictures or symbols on them instead of cards. Mahjong is similar to the game of Rummy. The wealthy hunted and raced horses. They grew and arranged flowers. They grew miniature trees (bonsai).

Dogs were popular pets of the rich. A poor family might have a songbird or a cricket in a cage. Juggling was a common form of entertainment. The ancient Chinese loved entertainment. People who could afford it loved to attend theater and magic shows. They enjoyed watching acrobatics and martial arts displays. Dancing and musical instruments were popular. Back to Fun Stuff Ancient China Entertainment and Pets Wealthy people spent their leisure hours practicing calligraphy, composing poetry, or listening to music. Kite flying, wrestling, and horse racing were outdoor

recreations enjoyed by all Chinese. The ancient Chinese liked puzzles because they taught the people to think creatively. A favorite Chinese puzzle is the Tangram. A Tangram is a square cut into seven different shapes. A person tries to put the seven pieces together to remake the square. The seven pieces are also used to create other shapes such as animals. Badminton was played and actually originated in China. Both children and adults in ancient China liked to play a game similar to our modern-day Frisbee toss. Back to Fun Stuff Ancient China Festivals

Most Chinese worked from dawn to dusk with no days off. The Chinese calendar was based on the moon, and it was divided into twelve groups. Each group was named after an animal. The Chinese New Year was the most important festival. It was in the spring and offerings were made to the spirits. Farmers gave thanks for the earth's abundance. Back to Fun Stuff Ancient China Social Class The emperor was at the top of the social system.

Ancient China was divided into four main classes. Scholars were respected above everyone else because they could read and write. Peasants were the next most important because the country depended on them to produce food. Artisans (people who worked with their hands) were next because they used their skills to make things that everyone needed, such as weapons, tools, and cooking utensils. The lowest class were merchants because they made nothing. All they did was trade goods. Soldiers who made a career of being in the army were not highly regarded and did not belong to a class of their own. Back to Fun Stuff

Ancient China More Zodiac Chinese Zodiac The Chinese Zodiac is a twelve-year cycle. It started from Buddhism. According to the story, Buddha called all the animals of China to his bedside, but only twelve animals came. Because he wanted to honor the animals for their devotion, he created a year for each animal. The twelve animals that appeared were the rat, ox, tiger, hare (rabbit), dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, rooster, dog, and the pig. Each animal has its own special characteristics. Many people

believe that these characteristics affect events that happen during the year. In addition, some people believe that people born in a certain year will have qualities of that year's animal. Ancient China Animal Dates 1948, 1960, 1972, Rat 1984, 1996, 2008 1949, 1961, 1973

Ox More Zodiac Characteristics charming, bright, creative, thrifty steadfast, dependable, methodical 1985, 1997, 2009 Tiger 1950, 1962, 1974, dynamic, warm, sincere, a leader

1986, 1998, 2010 Hare/Rabbit Dragon 1951, 1963, 1975, humble, artistic, clear-sighted 1987, 1999, 2011 1952, 1964, 1976, flamboyant, lucky, imaginative 1988, 2000, 2012 Snake

1953, 1965, 1977, discreet, refined, intelligent 1989, 2001, 2013 Horse 1954, 1966, 1978, social, competitive, stubborn 1990, 2002, 2014 Ancient China Animal Sheep

Dates 1955, 1967, 1979, 1991, 2003, 2015 Monkey Characteristics artistic, fastidious, indecisive 1956, 1968, 1980, witty, popular, good-humored, versatile 1992, 2004, 2016 Rooster 1957, 1969, 1981,

1993, 2005, 2017 1958, 1970, 1982, Dog Boar/Pig aggressive, alert, perfectionist honest, conservative, sympathetic, loyal 1994, 2006, 2018 1959, 1971, 1983, caring, industrious, home-loving

1995, 2007, 2019 Ancient China Home Writing Chinese is written with characters known as hnzi There are tens of thousands of Chinese characters, many of which are archaic or obscure. Knowledge of about 5,000 characters is sufficient to read modern standard written Chinese competently. This takes at least 5 years of full-time

study to acquire. Starting from about the fifth century BC, we begin to find examples of writings on bamboo strips. Ancient China Fun Stuff Festivals Homes Clothing Social Class

Food Beliefs and Customs Farming, life Entertainment and Pets Fun Information Terra Cotta Army Ancient China

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