ARCH Arch Near miss Near miss Arch 1

ARCH Arch Near miss Near miss Arch 1

ARCH Arch Near miss Near miss Arch 1 Require-Link Heuristic (a) Arch support support left-of (b) Near miss left-of

(c) Arch must-support must-support left-of 2 Forbid-Link Heuristic (a) Arch must-support must-support left-of (b) Near miss must-support must-support

left-of touch touch (c) Arch must-support must-support left-of must-not-touch must-not-touch 3 Climb-Tree Heuristic Block is-a (a) Arch must-support

Brick must-support left-of must-not-touch must-not-touch Block is-a (b) Arch must-support Wedge must-support left-of must-not-touch must-not-touch must-be-a (c) Arch must-support

Block must-support left-of must-not-touch must-not-touch 4 Model-Based Recognition M12 M88 d(M12, M80) d(U, M80) Unknown M80 d(M33, M80) M33 M92

5 Greed This is an exercise about a weak noble and a greedy woman. The noble is married to the woman. Explain why the noble is likely to want to be king. 6 Macbeth This is a story about Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Duncan, and Macduff. Macbeth is an evil noble, and lady Macbeth is a greedy, ambitious woman. Duncan is a king, and Macduff is a noble. Lady Macbeth persuades Macbeth to want to be king because she is greedy. She is able to influence him because he is married to her and because he is weak. Macbeth murders Duncan with a knife. Macbeth murders Duncan because Macbeth wants to be king, because Macbeth is evil, and because Duncan is king. Then Lady Macbeth kills herself. Finally Macduff gets angry and kills Macbeth because Macbeth murdered Duncan and because Macduff is loyal to Duncan. 7

Representing Murder murder Macbeth Duncan Macbeth agent object Murder Duncan instrument Knife 8 Reification murder Macbeth Duncan

agent object instrument Knife murder Macbeth Duncan instrument Knife 9 Macbeth in a Nutshell is

Loyal kills Macduff Macbeth to murders Duncan Macbeth Duncan is King is wants Evil Macbeth

to be persuades Macbeth is Greedy Lady-M Lady-M to is Macbeth influence Able Macbeth is is

to Weak Lady-M Married 10 Greed in a Nutshell King wants Noble to be Noble is Greedy Woman Noble

Noble is is to Weak Married Woman 11 Macbeth Solves Greed King wants Noble to be Noble persuades

is Greedy Woman Woman to is Noble influence Able Noble is is to Weak

Married Woman 12 Domination This is an exercise about a noble and a domineering, greedy woman. The noble is married to the woman. Show that the noble is likely to want to be king. 13 Linda and Dick This is a story about Linda and Dick. Linda is a woman, and Dick is a man. Dick is married to Linda. Dick is weak because he is tired. He is tired because Linda is domineering. 14 Linda and Dick in a Nutshell Dick

Dick is is to Weak Married Linda is Dick Domineering is Tired 15 Solving Domination

King wants Noble to be Noble persuades is Greedy Woman Woman to is Noble influence Able Noble

is is to Weak Married Woman is Noble Domineering is Tired 16 Recollection of Greed King wants

Noble to be Noble persuades is Greedy Woman Woman to is Noble influence Able Noble is

is to Weak Married Woman 17 Recollections as Rules The Want-To-Be-King Rule IF ?noble ?noble ?woman THEN ?noble is is is is

weak married to ?woman greedy likely to want to be king 18 Domination and Fatigue This is an exercise about a noble and a greedy woman. The noble is married to the woman. The noble is tired because the woman is domineering. Show that the noble is likely to want to be king. 19 Domination and Fatigue in a Nutshell King wants Noble to be

Noble is Greedy Woman Noble Noble is is to Weak Married Woman is Noble Domineering

is Tired 20 A Cup Description This is a description of an object. The object is a cup because it is stable and because it enables drinking. 21 A Particular Object This is an exercise about a light object that is made of porcelain. The object has a decoration, a concavity, and a handle. The object's bottom is flat. Show that the object is a cup. 22 A Particular Object in a Nutshell Object

Object has is Cup Bottom Bottom is Flat Object has Concavity made-of Object

Porcelain has Object Decoration Object is Light has Object Handle 23 A Brick This is a description of a brick. The brick is stable because the brick's bottom is flat. The brick is heavy. 24

A Glass This is a description of a glass. The glass enables drinking because the glass carries liquids and because the glass is liftable. The glass is pretty. 25 A Briefcase This is a description of a briefcase. The briefcase is liftable because it has a handle and because it is light. The briefcase is useful because it is a portable container for papers. 26 A Bowl This is a description of a bowl. The bowl carries liquids because it has a concavity. The bowl contains cherry soup. 27 Identifying the Cup

is Object Object has is Object Functional description Cup Stable Object enables Drinking

Bottom Bottom is Flat Brick Glass Object Object carries has Liquids Concavity Bowl made-of Object

Porcelain is Object Liftable has Object Decoration Object is Light has Briefcase Object Handle

28 The Cup Model IF ?object ?object ?object ?object THEN ?object has a flat bottom has a concavity is light has a handle is a cup 29 Macbeth Rules (1) R1 IF ?x1 is loyal to ?x2

?x3 murders ?x2 THEN ?x1 kills ?x3 R2 IF ?x3 is evil ?x3 wants to be king ?x2 is king THEN ?x3 murders ?x2 R3 IF ?x4 persuades ?x3 to want to be king THEN ?x3 wants to be king 30 Macbeth Rules (2) R4 IF ?x4 is greedy ?x4 is able to influence ?x3 THEN ?x4 persuades ?x3 to want to be king R5 IF ?x3 is weak

?x3 is married to ?x4 THEN ?x4 is able to influence ?x3 31

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