Northern Renaissance: Humanism, Christian Humanism & Skepticism Christian Humanism Characteristics: Part of the Northern Renaissance Emphasis on early Church writings rather than on Greek or Roman texts Emphasis on education and human intellect to bring about change
Writings led to criticism of Church and eventually to Reformation movement Desiderius Erasmus Dutch scholar (14661536) Most famous of all northern humanists Earned living by writing Devout Catholic, despite his criticism of the Church
Erasmus In Praise of Folly (1513) Written in Latin, bestseller second only to Bible by 1550 Satirized European society & superstition Criticized the immorality and hypocrisy of Church leaders Inspired calls for reform within Church, including Martin Luther - Erasmus lay the egg that Luther hatched
Sir Thomas More English lawyer and government official (1478-1535) Example of civic humanist Served as Lord Chancellor to Henry VIII the most saintly of humanists, the most human of saints
More Utopia (1516) Humanistic masterpiece, radical for its time Mixed civic humanism with religious ideals to create a perfect (utopian) society on an imaginary island People should live by reason, giving up material goods for the common good On Utopia, war, poverty, religious intolerance and other problems of society
did not exist Michel de Montaigne French noble, politician, scholar (1533-1592) Skepticism questioning what can truly be known What do I know? Created essay form of writing about subject Essays (1580s) very
influential on European thought urged toleration for all ideas since nothing could be known for certain William Shakespeare English playwright, poet (1564-1616) Works reflected Renaissance idea of humanism focus on
individual, both good and bad Skepticism present in some later works like Hamlet
Since pre-history we knew how to: Work . Heat. Industrial Revolution to: Work. Heat. Newcomen's Steam Engine~1712. Revolutionary Change. Transforms economy: textile production increases 150 fold and prices drop 90%. Transforms place: cities grow from 5% to 50% ... Fuel...
Breaking Down the Question. In your response make detailed reference to your prescribed text and ONE other related text of your own choosing. Think about how you might structure the response before you come up with your ideas.
The First Philosopher? It is commonly believed that the person to coin the word "philosopher" was the great mathematician, mystic, musician and founder of a religion, Pythagoras (Πυθαγόρας) of Samos (570-495 BCE).
Non-Pension Financial Assets May include: Retiring Allowances (incl. sick leave 'buy-outs') Stock Stock options (incl. RSUs) …. Generally, not being pension, these assets may need valuation for 'equalization' purposes, but data and Plan terms are 'separate items' Advising the Pension...
Define your word and use it in a sentence. ... Come to my arms, my beamish boy! O frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!" He chortled in his joy. 'Twas brillig, and the slithytoves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe: All...
HUMANITARIAN: EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION POLITICAL: EFFECTS OF RUSSIAN REVOLUTION ECONOMIC: EFFECTS OF NATIONAL REGULATION OF LABOUR ISSUES ON COMPETITIVE POSITION OF COUNTRIES * ORIGINS OF THE ILO 1946: ILO FIRST SPECIALIZED ORGANISATION OF THE UN 1969: ILO RECEIVES NOBEL PEACE...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!