Nouns - Houston Community College

Nouns - Houston Community College

Chapter 7 Nouns 11-1 A vs. AN She is wearing a bracelet. 2 11-1 A vs. AN (a) She lives in a cabin.

(b) He lives in an apartment. (c) She lives in a large cabin. (d) He lives in an old apartment. a an consonants vowels a an = one

3 11-1 A vs. AN (e) I had an uncle named Spiros. (f) They have an ugly car. (g) The inch is a unit of measure. (h) He saw a unique building. For words beginning with the letter u: a

consonant sound an vowel sound 4 11-1 A vs. AN (i) I will see you in an hour. (j) This is a happy day. For words beginning with the letter h: a

pronounced h an silent h 5 11-1 LETS PRACTICE ___ An ear. a an

___ A large ear. ___ An enormous ear. ___ A useful ear. 6 11-1 LETS PRACTICE ___ A holiday.

a an ___ A universal holiday. ___ A unique holiday. ___ An unhappy situation. 7 11-1 LETS PRACTICE

___ An honest mistake. a an ___ A hateful comment. ___ An hour of exercise. ___ An unhappy experience.

8 11-2 COUNT AND NONCOUNT NOUNS Should we buy some furniture? Yes. Lets buy a table and four chairs.

9 11-2 COUNT AND NONCOUNT NOUNS COUNT NOUN SINGULAR PLURAL a table one table

tables five tables some tables can be counted can be preceded by a/an has a plural form (-s or -es) 10 11-2 COUNT AND NONCOUNT NOUNS NONCOUNT NOUN SINGULAR

furniture some furniture PLURAL one furniture a furniture furnitures

cannot be counted is not preceded by a/an does not have a plural form 11 11-2 LETS PRACTICE NOUN ? We love to see movies. count ?

noncount 12 11-2 LETS PRACTICE NOUN ? I need some new jewelry. count ?

noncount 13 11-2 LETS PRACTICE NOUN ? Which utensil do you want? count ?

noncount 14 11-3 NONCOUNT NOUNS The river is so beautiful. All the scenery is beautiful. 15 11-3 NONCOUNT NOUNS

INDIVIDUAL PARTS = THE WHOLE (Count Nouns) (Noncount Nouns) (a) letters postcards bills advertisements etc. mail 16

11-3 NONCOUNT NOUNS INDIVIDUAL PARTS = THE WHOLE (Count Nouns) (Noncount Nouns) (b) grapes bananas apples oranges etc.

fruit 17 11-3 NONCOUNT NOUNS INDIVIDUAL PARTS = THE WHOLE (Count Nouns) (Noncount Nouns) (c) necklaces rings bracelets

pins etc. jewelry 18 11-3 LETS PRACTICE / We have really old furniture__. -s

-es / 19 11-3 LETS PRACTICE She loves these pearl earring__. s -s -es /

20 11-3 LETS PRACTICE / on I keep all the information__ my PDA. -s -es /

21 11-4 MORE NONCOUNT NOUNS The oil refinery creates lots of air pollution. 22 11-4 MORE NONCOUNT NOUNS (a) LIQUIDS soda

juice oil lemonade 23 11-4 MORE NONCOUNT NOUNS (a) LIQUIDS soda juice oil

lemonade SOLIDS & SEMI-SOLIDS copper cement silver gold 24 11-4 MORE NONCOUNT NOUNS

(a) LIQUIDS soda juice oil lemonade SOLIDS & SEMI-SOLIDS copper cement silver gold

GASES helium smoke oxygen 25 11-4 MORE NONCOUNT NOUNS (b) THINGS THAT OCCUR IN NATURE moonlight

sleet fog (c) ABSTRACTIONS joy enthusiasm danger 26

11-4 LETS PRACTICE -s -es / / and happiness __ / often go Health __ together. 27 11-4 LETS PRACTICE

/ Ginny has all the luck__. Thing__ s always go well for her. -s -es / 28 11-4 LETS PRACTICE

-s -es / The project is going well. / We have made a lot of progress __. / has paid off. Having patience __ 29 11-5 USING SEVERAL, A LOT OF, MANY / MUCH, AND A FEW / A LITTLE

We have new furniture. We have a table and many chairs. 30 11-5 USING SEVERAL, A LOT OF, MANY / MUCH, AND A FEW / A LITTLE COUNT (a) several apples

several NONCOUNT count nouns 31 11-5 USING SEVERAL, A LOT OF, MANY / MUCH, AND A FEW / A LITTLE

COUNT (a) several apples (b) a lot of apples a lot NONCOUNT a lot of fruit

count/noncount 32 11-5 USING SEVERAL, A LOT OF, MANY / MUCH, AND A FEW / A LITTLE COUNT (a) several apples NONCOUNT

(b) a lot of apples a lot of fruit (c) many apples much fruit many count

much noncount 33 11-5 USING SEVERAL, A LOT OF, MANY / MUCH, AND A FEW / A LITTLE COUNT (a) several apples

NONCOUNT (b) a lot of apples a lot of fruit (c) many apples much fruit (d) a few apples

a little fruit a few count a little noncount 34 11-5 LETS PRACTICE CORRECT

INCORRECT I hope to get several jewelries for my birthday. INCORRECT I hope to get some jewelry for my birthday. CORRECT 35 11-5 LETS PRACTICE CORRECT INCORRECT

That store has a few couches that I like. CORRECT We need many furnitures for our new house. INCORRECT We need a lot of furniture for our new house. CORRECT 36

11-6 NOUNS THAT CAN BE COUNT OR NONCOUNT He did a lot of work today. 37 11-6 NOUNS THAT CAN BE COUNT OR NONCOUNT USED AS A NONCOUNT NOUN (a) The jar is made of glass. USED AS A COUNT NOUN

(b) Do you want a glass of milk? (c) Barb has new glasses. 38 11-6 NOUNS THAT CAN BE COUNT OR NONCOUNT USED AS A NONCOUNT NOUN (d) Jenn has blue hair ! USED AS A COUNT NOUN (e) There is a hair in your food!

39 11-6 NOUNS THAT CAN BE COUNT OR NONCOUNT USED AS A NONCOUNT NOUN (f) These beams are made of iron. USED AS A COUNT NOUN (g) He bought a new iron. 40

11-6 NOUNS THAT CAN BE COUNT OR NONCOUNT USED AS A NONCOUNT NOUN (h) That bulb produces a lot of light. USED AS A COUNT NOUN (i) Please turn on the light. 41

11-6 NOUNS THAT CAN BE COUNT OR NONCOUNT USED AS A NONCOUNT NOUN (j) May I borrow some paper ? USED AS A COUNT NOUN (k) I wrote a long paper for my PhD. (l) He reads the paper every morning. 42

11-6 NOUNS THAT CAN BE COUNT OR NONCOUNT USED AS A NONCOUNT NOUN (m) This homework is taking so much time. USED AS A COUNT NOUN (n) Shes been sick many times. 43 11-6 NOUNS THAT CAN BE COUNT OR NONCOUNT

USED AS A NONCOUNT NOUN (o) He only did a little work today. USED AS A COUNT NOUN (p) Cooking for his family is a work of love. 44 11-6 NOUNS THAT CAN BE COUNT OR NONCOUNT

USED AS A NONCOUNT NOUN (q) Brazil produces a lot of coffee. USED AS A COUNT NOUN (r) Id like a coffee with cream. 45 11-6 NOUNS THAT CAN BE COUNT OR NONCOUNT USED AS A NONCOUNT NOUN

(s) I eat a lot of chicken and fish. USED AS A COUNT NOUN (t) I bought one chicken and one fish. 46 11-6 NOUNS THAT CAN BE COUNT OR NONCOUNT USED AS A NONCOUNT NOUN

(u) I have experience writing software. USED AS A COUNT NOUN (v) There are many experiences to enjoy when traveling. 47 11-6 LETS PRACTICE a some

Travis has ____ a chicken as a pet. 48 11-6 LETS PRACTICE a / / cut once a month. I like to get my hair __

49 11-6 LETS PRACTICE time times I tried to call my friend six ______. times 50

11-7 USING UNITS OF MEASURE WITH NONCOUNT NOUNS She has a bowl of cereal, a glass of milk, and a piece of fruit for breakfast. 51 11-7 USING UNITS OF MEASURE WITH NONCOUNT NOUNS

(a) He put some oil on the salad. 52 11-7 USING UNITS OF MEASURE WITH NONCOUNT NOUNS (a) He put some oil on the salad. (b) He had three drops of oil on his salad. 53

11-7 USING UNITS OF MEASURE WITH NONCOUNT NOUNS (a) He put some oil on the salad. (b) He had three drops of oil on his salad. (c) He eats some toast with fruit every day. 54 11-7 USING UNITS OF MEASURE WITH NONCOUNT NOUNS (a) He put some oil on the salad.

(b) He had three drops of oil on his salad. (c) He eats some toast with fruit every day. (d) He had two pieces of toast with berries. 55 11-7 LETS PRACTICE I need a _____ bottle of vinegar. bag bottle

box 56 11-7 LETS PRACTICE bag container of spaghetti. bottle I have a _________ container 57

11-7 LETS PRACTICE bag bottle container bag of tortilla chips. Id like to eat a _____ 58 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE

Please tell me a story. You tell the best stories. 59 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE TO MAKE A GENERALIZATION 60 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE

SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS: A/an (a) A computer is helpful for homework. 61 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS: A/an (a) A computer is helpful for homework. (b) An orange is round.

62 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS: A/an (a) A computer is helpful for homework. (b) An orange is round. (c) A tornado can be dangerous. 63 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE

SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS: A/an (a) A computer is helpful for homework. (b) An orange is round. (c) A tornado can be dangerous. a/an + singular count noun generalization any, all, in general 64

11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE PLURAL COUNT NOUNS: (d) Computers are helpful for homework. 65 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE PLURAL COUNT NOUNS: (d) Computers are helpful for homework.

(e) Oranges are round. 66 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE PLURAL COUNT NOUNS: (d) Computers are helpful for homework. (e) Oranges are round. (f) Tornadoes can be dangerous. Generalizations: no article

plural count () noun 67 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE NONCOUNT NOUNT: (g) Exercise increases energy. (h) Fruit contains vitamins. (i) Children need attention. Generalizations:

no article noncount () noun 68 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE TO TALK ABOUT NON-SPECIFIC PERSON(S) OR THINGS(S) 69

11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS: A/An (j) We have a computer at home. (k) I brought an orange for dessert. (l) There was a tornado in Kansas last week. a + singular count noun one thing (not specific)

70 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE PLURAL COUNT NOUNS: Some (m) We have some computers at school. (n) I brought some oranges for dessert. (o) There were some tornadoes last week. some + plural count noun

things (not specific) 71 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE NONCOUNT NOUNS: Some (p) I need some exercise. (q) The children would like some fruit. (r) I think the cat needs some attention. some () +

noncount noun Something, not specific 72 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE THE SPEAKER AND THE LISTENER ARE THINKING ABOUT THE SAME SPECIFIC

PERSON(S) OR THING(S) 73 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS: THE (s) Do you like the computer you bought? (t) I enjoyed the orange you gave me. (u) The tornado that hit yesterday was awful. (v) The moon is full. (w) The window is open.

(x) Are you in the garage? the + noun specific person(s) or thing(s) 74 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE PLURAL COUNT NOUNS: THE (y) The computers were expensive. (z) I enjoyed the oranges you gave me.

(aa) The tornadoes that hit Mexico were awful. (bb) The moons of Saturn are beautiful. the + noun specific person(s) or thing(s) 75 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE NONCOUNT NOUNS: THE

(cc) The mail came early today. (dd) The fruit wasnt ripe yet. (ee) The love of a mother is very strong. (ff) The smog is bad this year. 76 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE NONCOUNT NOUNS: THE (cc) The mail came early today. (dd) The fruit wasnt ripe yet.

(ee) The love of a mother is very strong. (ff) The smog is bad this year. the + noncount noun something specific 77 11-8 LETS PRACTICE a

an the Do you have the recipe for ____ Moms lasagna? 78 11-8 LETS PRACTICE a

an the No, but I have ___ a recipe from a magazine. 79 11-8 LETS PRACTICE

a an the Too bad. Mom makes ___ the best lasagna. 80

11-8 LETS PRACTICE a an the I do have ___ an extra special spaghetti recipe that you might like.

81 11-9 USING THE OR WITH NAMES The Himalayas are in Asia. 82 11-9 USING THE OR WITH NAMES (a) Ms. Albert is on the phone. She is waiting to speak to Dr. Simmons.

83 11-9 USING THE OR WITH NAMES (a) Ms. Albert is on the phone. She is waiting to speak to Dr. Simmons. Prime Minister Thompson was re-elected. The titled names. 84

11-9 USING THE OR WITH NAMES (b) I taught English in Asia. 85 11-9 USING THE OR WITH NAMES (b) I taught English in Asia. Australia is a large island. 86

11-9 USING THE OR WITH NAMES (b) I taught English in Asia. Australia is a large island. Over 20% of the earths land is in Africa. 87 11-9 USING THE OR WITH NAMES (b) I taught English in Asia. Australia is a large island.

Over 20% of the earths land is in Africa. The names of continents. 88 11-9 USING THE OR WITH NAMES (c) Madrid is the capital of Spain. Chile has some beautiful mountains. Madagascar is a small country. The

names of most countries. (d) The Dominican Republic is a small country. There are windmills in the Netherlands. The United States has 50 states. The a few countries. 89 11-9 USING THE OR WITH NAMES

(e) I love Paris in the spring time. New York has wonderful museums. We visited Johannesburg last winter. The names of cities. 90 11-9 USING THE OR WITH NAMES (f) The Mississippi River is very wide. The most important river that feeds the Black

Sea is the Danube. The rivers, oceans & seas. (g) Lake Vostok is the largest lake in the world. A large lake in Canada is Lake Huron. The names of lakes. 91 11-9 USING THE OR WITH NAMES

(h) We saw the Virunga Mountains in Africa. The Andes Mountains are in South America. The names of mountain ranges. (i) Elbrus Mountain is in Russia. A beautiful mountain in Alaska is Mount Denali. The individual mountains.

92 11-9 LETS PRACTICE The ___ Mediterranean Sea is located to the north of ___ Africa. the

93 11-9 LETS PRACTICE Professor Keely teaches in ___ the Czech ___ Republic. She loves working in ___ Prague. the

94 11-9 LETS PRACTICE It is illegal to climb ___ the Himalayas in ___ Bhutan. the

95 11-10 CAPITALIZATION Barbara Barns studied business at Brac University in Bangladesh. 96 11-10 CAPITALIZATION

CAPITALIZE 1. The first word of a sentence. (a) There are no clouds in the sky. It is a beautiful day. 97 11-10 CAPITALIZATION CAPITALIZE 1. The first word of a sentence.

(a) There are no clouds in the sky. It is a beautiful day. Capitalize = a BIG letter, not a small one 98 11-10 CAPITALIZATION CAPITALIZE 2. The names of people. (b) Jimi Hendrix was a rock musician

in the 60s. 99 11-10 CAPITALIZATION CAPITALIZE 3. Titles used with the names of people. (c) Dr. Gilroy lives near me. Were you in Professor Gilroys class? COMPARE

I saw a professor. I saw Professor Gilroy. 100 11-10 CAPITALIZATION CAPITALIZE 4. Months, days, holidays (d) Zoes birthday is in December. She was born on a Saturday. It was on New Years Eve. spring

summer fall/autumn winter not capitalized 101 11-10 CAPITALIZATION CAPITALIZE 5. The names of places: city, state/province,

country, continent (e) Ottawa is the capital city of Canada, which is in North America. It is in the province of Ontario. 102 11-10 CAPITALIZATION CAPITALIZE 6. The names of school courses (f) Professor Mackey teaches my

Womens History course. 103 11-10 CAPITALIZATION CAPITALIZE 7. The titles of books, articles, movies (g) My favorite movie is Shirley Valentine. My favorite book is The Sweetest Dream. 104

11-10 CAPITALIZATION CAPITALIZE 8. The names of languages and nationalities (h) I speak Spanish. I love Mexican food. 105 11-10 CAPITALIZATION

CAPITALIZE 9. The names of religions (i) Buddism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism are some of the major religions of the world. One of my friends is a Muslim, and the other is a Buddhist. 106 11-10 LETS PRACTICE

Should the underlined word be capitalized? Boxing day is a holiday in canada. yes no 107 11-10 LETS PRACTICE Why should the underlined word be capitalized?

Boxing Day is a holiday in canada. first in sentence person holiday place course book language 108 11-10 LETS PRACTICE

Should the underlined word be capitalized? Boxing Day is a holiday in canada. yes no 109 11-10 LETS PRACTICE Why should the underlined word be capitalized?

Boxing Day is a holiday in Canada. first in sentence person holiday place course book language 110 11-10 LETS PRACTICE

Should the underlined word be capitalized? I taught information Systems 202. yes no 111 11-10 LETS PRACTICE Why should the underlined word be capitalized? I taught Information Systems 202.

first in sentence person holiday place course book language 112 PHOTO CREDITS Copyright 2008 Pearson Education and

its licensors. All rights reserved. Images used under license from: Shutterstock, Inc. Clipart, Inc. iStockphoto.com 113 113

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