Operational Communications and Coordinations: Real World ...
Operational Communications and Coordination: Real World Experiences 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar Objectives Describe how ineffective communications effect the power system Describe the steps in effective 3-part communications Assess effective communication techniques Utilize and discuss examples of communications from recent events Recognize how variables in a mitigation plan are addressed in an example of a declared emergency and the importance of critique and feedback on the plan and its execution. Assess how declaration of an emergency condition may impact normal operations processes in progress
2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 2 Why Do We Need Effective Communication? Many of the tasks performed by System Operators involve communication with others. Poor communications jeopardize safety, reliability, and/or the economy of the power system. Many problems are the result of inadequate or ineffective communications. 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 3 The System Operator World 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 4 Directives and Three-Part Communication
Recipient System Operator System Operator 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 5 Techniques for Effective Communication Plan the message and communication Speak in a tone of voice that reinforces content of message Avoid long words and rambling
phrases Focus on critical content to be communicated Be precise and to the point Be confident and speak with authority Do not interrupt message Eliminate distractions during message exchange
Avoid words with more than one meaning or are open to interpretation Avoid slang Avoid low volume or poor enunciation Always repeat name of equipment or action if there is any doubt Use approved format, terminology and nomenclature
If you dont understand, ask for clarification 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 6 Actual Event Discussion Play back of actual recorded conversations during events Company names, Operator names, and substation/ generator names have been changed to protect the innocent (and not so innocent) For each call, consider the following questions:
Was proper 3-part communication used? Was the request or instruction clear? What was done well? How could the communication be improved? 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 7 Example: Hotline Call with Repeat Back Roles Resource entity Local transmission operator QSE ERCOT
Clarity about emergency conditions Instruction characteristics Helping out with communications from both sides Discussion Was proper 3-part communication used? Was the request or instruction clear? What was done well? How could the communication be improved? Audio #1 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 8 Example: Load loss due to outage coordination error Load Loss due to outage coordination error Audio #1
One Line Diagram: Entity B Entity A Audio #2 (~ 15 minutes later) Subst #1 345/138 kV auto Subst #2 (4 MW) CB (open) 138kV
Line #1 DSW (open) Subst #4 (10 MW) Subst #5 (31 MW) Subst #3 (36 MW) 138kV Line #2 Discussion Was proper 3-part communication used? Was the request or instruction clear? What was done well?
How could the communication be improved? 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 9 Example: TO Communication with Generators Roles Resource entity Local transmission operator QSE ERCOT Clarity about intent Instruction characteristics Helping out with communications from both sides
Use of slang Take your unit to the top Put your unit to bed Examples from events 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 10 Example: Generation voltage support Audio #1 Audio #2 (Same plant and TO, ~ 2 minutes later) Audio #3 (different plant and TO) Discussion Was proper 3-part communication used? Was the request or instruction clear? What was done well? How could the communication be improved?
2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 11 Example: Excellent Call Example Audio #1 Discussion Was proper 3-part communication used? Was the request or instruction clear? What was done well? How could the communication be improved? Conclusions Proper 3-part communication was used The instruction was clear and authoritative Instruction was clarified when necessary 12 2015 ERCOT Operator Training
Seminar Multiple Mitigation Plans in One Area Example from Valley load shed event Two existing Mitigation Plans for Valley area One TOAP for ongoing outage in eastern Valley area All called for load shed under certain contingencies Clarity about plan documents Identification Modifications Various versions and dates Communicate specifically on which plan is being executed
Importance of critique and feedback on the plan and its execution 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 13 Emergency Condition Impact on Normal Operations How does an emergency declaration affect normal operations in progress? Assess how declaration of an emergency condition may impact normal operations processes in progress Example: Emissions limitations in an Emergency Generation in areas with emissions limitations must balance TCEQ and ERCOT needs QSEs and ERCOT are in the middle TCEQ makes the call based on ERCOTs initiative 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 14
TCEQ Air Emissions Enforcement Discretion Steps during an ERCOT EEA ERCOT makes Hotline call to declare EEA Qualified Scheduling Entity (QSE) or Resource contacts TCEQ about emissions exceedances during the emergency EXCERPT FROM ERCOT MARKET NOTICE M-C041114-01, April 2014: If/when increased generation is requested during EEA events, the agency [Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, TCEQ] will exercise enforcement discretion for exceedances of emission and operational limits of power generating plants for Generators who exceed air permit limits in order to maximize generation for the duration of the EEA event. Any Generator who will exceed its air permit limits during the EEA event should provide a notice of this action to Kelly Cook ([email protected]), Director of Critical Infrastructure Division (preferably by email). Unless ERCOT or TCEQ provides Notice otherwise, the period of enforcement discretion will end when ERCOT declares that it is no longer in EEA status. 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 15
Questions? Special Thanks to our Guest Voices: (L-R) John Jameson, Joan Wise, James Stone and Kelly Blackmer 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 16 Exam Please turn your iClicker on and answer each of the following questions. 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 17 Question #1 Poor communications can ____________. A.
B. C. D. E. Jeopardize safety Increase system reliability Improve operator morale Reduce cost All of the above 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 18 Question #2 Effective three-part communication involves which of the following? A. B.
C. D. E. Use of well-known slang terms Speaking quickly to get the information out Re-starting the process if there is confusion Repeating back only the main points All of the above 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 19 Question #3 Techniques for effective communication include which of the following? A. B. C.
D. E. Interrupting to ask questions Multi-tasking during the communication Using well-known slang terms Focusing on the critical content All of the above 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 20 Question #4 Who is responsible for notifying the Texas Commission for Environmental Quality on emissions exceedances for a specific generation facility during an ERCOT-declared EEA? A. B.
C. D. E. ERCOT Qualified Scheduling Entity or Resource Entity Environmental Protection Agency North American Electric Reliability Corporation None of the above 2015 ERCOT Operator Training Seminar 21
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