Disclaimer This information is intended to assist employers, workers, and others as they strive to improve workplace health and safety. While we attempt to thoroughly address specific topics, it is not possible to include discussion of everything necessary to ensure a healthy and safe working environment in a presentation of this nature. Thus, this information must be understood as a tool for addressing workplace hazards, rather than an exhaustive statement of an employers legal obligations, which are defined by statute, regulations, and standards. Likewise, to the extent that this information references practices or procedures that may enhance health or safety, but which are not required by a statute, regulation, or standard, it cannot, and does not, create additional legal
obligations. Finally, over time, OSHA may modify rules and interpretations in light of new technology, information, or circumstances; to keep apprised of such developments, or to review information on a wide range of occupational safety and health topics, you can visit OSHAs website at www.osha.gov. American Mushroom Institute General Meeting April 18, 2019 Hartefeld National, Avondale, PA OSHA Standards We Have Talked About This Year
Agriculture 29 CFR 1928 Sub A 1928.1-This part contains occupational safety and health standards applicable to agricultural operations. . . That none of the funds appropriated under this paragraph [OSHA funds] shall be obligated or expended to prescribe, issue, administer, or enforce any standard, rule, regulation, or order under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 which is applicable to any person who is engaged in a farming operation which does not maintain a temporary labor camp and employs ten or fewer employees . . . Public Law 102-170; November 22, 1991, 105
Agriculture 29 CFR 1928 Sub B 1928.21 (a) GI Standards that Apply Temporary labor camps - 1910.142 Hazard communication - 1910.1200 Storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia - 1910.111(a) and (b) Cadmium - 1910.1027
Logging Operations - 1910.266 Retention of DOT markings, placards and labels - 1910.1201. Slow-moving vehicles - 1910.145 1928.21(b) GI Standards that DO NOT Apply Subparts B through T Subpart Z of part 1910
Agriculture 29 CFR 1928 Sub C & D 1928 Subpart C Roll-Over Protective Structures 1928.51 ROPS for tractors App A- Employee operating instruction 1928.52 Protective frames for wheel-type tractors
App B- Figures C-1 through C-16 1928.53 Protective enclosures for wheel-type tractors 1928 Subpart D Safety for Agricultural Equipment 1928.57 Guarding of farm field equipment, farmstead equipment, and cotton gins. Agriculture 29 CFR 1928 Sub I & M
1928 Subpart I General Environmental Controls 1928.110 Field Sanitation 1928.110(c)(2) Toilet and handwashing facilities 1928.110(a) Scope 1928.110(c)(3) Maintenance & Disposal
1928.110(b) Definitions 1928.110(c)(4) Reasonable use 1928.110(c)(1) Potable water 1928.110(d) Effective dates- MayJuly 1987 1928 Subpart M Occupational Health 1928.1027 - Cadmium
Invokes 1910.1027 GI standard General Duty Clause Section 5(a)(1) of the OSH Act states: Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees." Formalin
formalin is used to describe a saturated solution of formaldehyde dissolved in water, typically with another agent, most commonly methanol, added to stabilize the solution. Formalin is typically 37% formaldehyde by weight The formaldehyde component provides the disinfectant effects of formalin. Formalin The OSHA Formaldehyde standard (29 CFR 1910.1048)
The (PEL) for formaldehyde is 0.75 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (0.75 ppm) as an 8-hour (TWA). (STEL) of 2 ppm which is the maximum exposure allowed during a 15-minute period. Action level 0.5 ppm as an 8 hour TWA Provisions of the OSHA Formalin Standard Identify all workers who may be exposed Reassign workers who suffer significant adverse effects from exposure
Implement feasible engineering and work practice controls Label all mixtures or solutions composed of greater than 0.1 percent Train all workers exposed to formaldehyde Provisions of the OSHA Formalin Standard Select, provide and maintain appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE)
Provide showers and eyewash stations if splashing is likely. Provide medical surveillance for all exposed at or above the action level or exceeding the STEL, for those who develop signs and symptoms of overexposure, and for all workers exposed to formaldehyde in emergencies. Showers and Eye Wash Stations OSHA's primary Eyewash standard, 29 CFR 1910.151 states where the eyes or body of any person may be exposed to injurious corrosive materials, suitable facilities for quick drenching or flushing of the eyes and body shall
be provided within the work area for immediate emergency use. Showers and Eye Wash Stations Though it does not have the force of a regulation under the OSH Act, the ANSI standard addressing emergency eyewash and shower equipment (ANSI [Z]358.1-2004) ANSI's definition of "hazardous material" would include caustics, as well as additional substances and compounds that have the capability of producing adverse effects on the health and safety of humans.
Showers and Eye Wash Stations ANSI's standard also provides detail with respect to the location, installation, nature, and maintenance of eyewash and shower equipment. You also may wish to consult additional recognized references such as W. Morton Grant's Toxicology of the Eye (Charles C Thomas Pub. Ltd., 4th edition, August 1993) when considering potential chemical exposures to the eye and the appropriateness of installing eyewash facilities to protect employees against hazards associated with particular chemicals and substances.
Showers and Eye Wash Stations The employer must determine if employees can or will be exposed If hazardous materials are present at a worksite in such a way that exposure could not occur (for example, in sealed containers that will not be opened, or caustic materials in building piping), then an eyewash or emergency shower would not be necessary. Showers and Eye Wash Stations However, if the building piping containing caustic materials
has, at certain locations, a spigot or tap from which the contents are to be sampled or withdrawn and employees are expected to perform such tasks, then, certainly, an eyewash and/or emergency shower would be needed where this task is to occur. ANSI Emergency Showers Safety Showers- 20 gallons per minute (gpm) at 30 psi, 20-inch diameter spray 60 inches above the surface, center of the spray head pattern should be at least 16 inches from any wall, door, or
obstruction. It is recommended that the shower head be mounted between 82 and 96 inches off the floor, with the valve no higher than 69 inches. ANSI Emergency Eye Wash Station Eye Wash- flow of 0.4 gpm also at 30 psi. The nozzles should be at least 6 from any obstruction and mounted between 33 and 45 inches above the floor. An eyewash gauge should be used to verify and test the flow. ANSI for both
Flow for at least 15 minutes. Safety shower at 20 gpm yields 300 gallons needed. Personal wash devices are allowed, can provide immediate flushing while transiting to the fixture. Cant be allowed to freeze. Tepid water is now defined as having a temperature of between 60 and 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Shower combined with an eyewash station, both devices must provide adequate flows and be fully operable at the same time. ANSI for both
Travel to the unit should be under 10 seconds for all hazardous areas that need this equipment. This equals about 55 feet. Same level as the hazard and have a clear path for travel. Recommends painting or marking the floor area underneath the shower to help keep it clear. Z358.1 also recommends equipment be installed in a brightly lit area and marked with a highly visible safety sign. Recommends weekly flushing for sediment WPS Compliance
DECONTAMINATION SUPPLIES FOR WORKERS & HANDLERS To prevent, or mitigate pesticide exposures, the agricultural employer is required to provide supplies to each worker or handler (including early-entry workers) for routine washing to remove pesticide residues, emergency decontamination, and immediate eye flushing in certain situations. What supplies must be provided, when, where, and for how long are covered in Chapter 3 for workers and Chapter 4 for handlers. WPS Compliance
Emergency eye flushing station: emergency eye flushing supplies must be provided at any site where handlers are mixing or loading a pesticide that requires protective eyewear or are mixing or loading any pesticide using a closed system operating under pressure. The supplies that must be available are: A system capable of delivering gently running water at a rate of at least 0.4 gallons per minute for at least 15 minutes, or At least 6 gallons of water in containers suitable for providing gently running water for eye flushing for 15 minutes. The container(s) must be able to dispense a gentle steady flow of water. WPS Compliance
Additionally, when applying a pesticide that requires protective eyewear, 1 pint of water must be immediately available to each handler (applicator) in a portable container (on the applicators person or in the application equipment being used). www.osha.gov 800-321-OSHA (6742)
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