Oversize Load Training

Oversize Load Training

Code of Alabama: 32-9-(1-32) www.dot.state.al.us Code of Alabama (1975), as amended 32-9-1 through 32-9-32: Trucks, Trailers, and Semi-trailers; including Rules and Regulations for over-dimensional vehicles. Website: http://www.dot.state.al.us/maweb/Oversize&OverweightPermitInformation.ht m Definitions of Terms Per 32-1-1.1 of the Highway Laws of Alabama, 2011 TRUCK: Every motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property.

TRUCK TRACTOR: Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn. TRAILER: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of the weight rests upon the towing vehicle SEMITRAILER: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle. Examples of these types are covered in next slides Definitions of Terms Per 32-1-1(1) of the Highway Laws of Alabama, 2011

TRUCK: Every motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. Also known as a Cargo Carrying Vehicle. Definitions of Terms Per 32-1-1(1) of the Highway Laws of Alabama, 2011 TRUCK TRACTOR: Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn. Article 2: Legal Limits 32-9-20(1) Width Legal Width: 8 6 Total outside width including any load thereon, exclusive of mirrors and safety devices approved

by ALDOT Article 2: Legal Limits 32-9-20(2) Height Legal Height: 13 6 Measured from the ground to the highest point on transported load Article 2 Size and Weight 32-9-20(3) Specifically, LENGTH (3) LENGTH. No vehicle shall exceed in length 40 feet; EXCEPT, that the length of a truck-semi-trailer combination, semi-trailers, including load, used in a truck tractor-semitrailer combination, shall not exceed 57 feet; semi-trailers and trailers, including load, used in a truck-tractor-semitrailer-trailer combination, shall not exceed 28 feet each; and motor vehicles designed, used, or maintained primarily as a mobile dwelling, office, or commercial space, commonly

called motor homes, shall not exceed 45 feet. 32-9-20(3) Length Cargo Carrying Legal Length: 40 No vehicle shall exceed, in length, 40 The following are examples of straight trucks: 32-9-20(3) Length Truck-Semitrailer Combination Legal Length: 57 Truck-semitrailer combination, semitrailers, including load, used in a truck-semitrailer combination, shall not exceed 57 Truck Semitrailer Examples of cargo carrying vehicle pulling trailer or 32-9-20(3) Length

Semitrailer Legal Length: 57 Truck-semitrailer combination, semitrailers, including load, used in a truck tractor-semitrailer combination, shall not exceed 57 Truck Tractor Semitrail er 57 Maximum length of semitrailer: 57 32-9-20(3) Length Legal Length: 57 Semitrailers and trailers, including load, used

in a truck-tractor-semitrailer-trailer combination, shall not exceed 28.5 each. Truck-tractor Semitrail er 28.5 Traile r 28.5 32-9-20.3 Length Motor Homes & Recreational Vehicles Legal Length: 45 Motor Homes (mobile dwelling, office, or commercial space) shall not exceed 45 32-9-20(3) Length

Motor Homes With Attachment Legal Length: 57 Motor Homes (mobile dwelling, office, or commercial space) pulling a semitrailer or trailer shall not exceed 57 in total length. Maximum length of motor home pulling a semitrailer or 32-9-20(3) Length Truck-Semitrailer Combinations Used Exclusively for Transporting Automobiles Legal Length: 65 Truck tractor units used exclusively in combinations transporting motor vehicles may directly carry a portion of the cargo, provided that the combinations are restricted to truck tractor-semi-trailer combinations only and provided further that the overall length of the particular

combinations shall not exceed 65 feet. 32-9-20(3) Length Truck-Semitrailer Combinations Used Exclusively for Transporting Automobiles Using a Stinger-Steered Unit Legal Length: 75 The overall length of Stinger-Steered type units shall not exceed 75 feet: Stinger-Steered Unit 32-9-20(3) Length Legal Overhang Length: 5 Maximum Legal Overhang (Front and Rear) = 5 Overhang shall be included in the overall length of vehicle or combination of vehicle.

32-9-29, Code of Alabama (1975): Permits for Movement of Oversize Vehicles or Loads The Highway Director or the official of the Highway Department designated by the director may, in his discretion, upon application and for good cause being shown therefore, issue a permit in writing authorizing the applicant to operate or move upon the State Highway System a vehicle or combination of no more than two vehicles and loads whose weight, width, length, or height, or combination thereof, exceeds the maximum limit specified by law. Load must be reduced to smallest size and still exceed legal dimensions to qualify for a permit No permit shall be issued for transporting a load that can readily be dismantled or separated; however, bulldozers and similar construction equipment shall not be deemed readily separable. PERMIT TYPES

Permit Types Single Trip Permit Valid for 5 days Valid for One Round Trip empty to destination, hauling load back, or vice-versa Mobile Homes maximum permissible dimensions = 16 wide x 16 high Annual Permit Valid for One Year Vehicle Specific VIN # on the Annual Permit MUST match the VIN # on the transport vehicle Available for: Vehicle/Load (Over Dimensional and/or Overweight) Need Routing Authorization permit for gross weights over 100,000 lbs. Routing Authorization from Permit Office must accompany the Annual Permit and be in the Vehicle Mobile Homes maximum permissible dimensions = 14 wide x 14 high Need Routing Authorization permit for Mobile Homes 12 wide up to maximum 14 wide Routing Authorization from Permit Office must accompany the Annual Permit Modular Homes, Sectional Houses, Portable Buildings, Boats and vehicles or combination of vehicles greater than 12 feet wide Sealed Containers maximum permissible weight = 100,000lbs; Open top containers may be considered on a case by case basis(NOTE: All trucks transporting Sealed Containers must carry a bill of lading and equipment interchange report or receipt in the cab of the truck.) Major Changes in Rules and Regulations in Result of Nationwide

Harmonization Initiative Harmonization Initiative with other States Requirements After Requirements Before June 1, 2017 Warning Signs on Transporting Vehicle Warning Signs & Lights on Transporting Vehicle Flags June 1, 2017 Size: 18 x 18 Minimum

Color: Red Location: all four corners of the load Sign Size: 18 x 7 Color: Black letters on a Yellow or Orange background Size: 18 x 18 minimum

Color: Fluorescent Orange or Red Location: Four corners of load or extremities (length) Sign Size of sign: 18 x 7 Color: Black letters on a Yellow background Message: OVERSIZE LOAD Message: OVERSIZE LOAD;

Flags Size of letters: 10 x 1.4 1.5 Location: Front and Rear of the Transport Vehicle so that license plate and headlights are not blocked Wide Load is NOT acceptable Size of Letters: 10 x 1-5/8 Location: Front and Rear of the transport vehicle

Wide Load is NOT Acceptable Transport Warning Lights (Minimum) Flashing or Strobe Amber Light Visible for 500, 360 degrees Harmonization Initiative with other States Requirements After Requirements Before June 1, 2017 Warning Signs and Lights on Escort Vehicle June 1, 2017 Warning Signs and Lights on Escort Vehicle

Size of Signs: 18 x 7 (May be smaller to fit vehicle size so that OVERSIZE LOAD is clearly visible.) Size of Signs: 18 x 7 (May be smaller to fit vehicle size so that OVERSIZE LOAD is clearly visible.) Message: OVERSIZE LOAD; Wide Load is NOT acceptable Message: OVERSIZE LOAD; Wide Load is NOT acceptable Color: Black letters on a Yellow or Orange background Color: Black letters on a Yellow background

Size of Letters: 10 x 1-5/8 Size of Letters: 10 x 1.4 1.5 Location of Signs: Location: Front of Front Escort and Rear of Rear Escort OR

Above Roofline of Escort where it is visible from the front and rear Rear of the escort vehicle on a rear escort Escort Warning Lights (Minimum) Front of the escort vehicle on a front escort Flashing or Revolving Amber Light Escort Vehicles shall be able to contact each other and the permitted vehicle or combination of vehicles and loads by radio Escort Warning Lights (Minimum)

Flashing or Strobe Amber Light Visible for 500, 360degrees Requirements Before June 1, 2017 Escort Requirements for Equipment: Overwidth: >12 = 1 Front and 1 Rear Escort Overheight:

>156 = 1 Front Escort with height pole Additional escorts may be required, depending on route or other dimensions Harmonization Initiative with other States Requirements After June 1, 2017 Escort Requirements for Equipment: Overlength:

76 105 (inclusive) = 1 Rear Escort >105 150 = 1 Front Escort and 1 Rear Escort 10 Front Overhang = 1 Front Escort >5 Rear Overhang = 1 Rear Escort >12 14 = 1 Front Escort on Two-lane Roads, or 1 Rear Escort on Multi-lane Highways. >14 = 1 Front and 1 Rear Escort Overheight:

Overhang: Overwidth: >156 = 1 Front Escort with Height Pole and 1 Rear Escort Overlength: >90 125 = 1 Rear Escort >125 = 1 Front Escort and 1 Rear Escort Overhang: 10 Front Overhang = 1 Front Escort

> 5 Rear Overhang = 1 Rear Escort Escort Requirements after June 1, 2017 Escorts: Escort vehicles shall be a properly licensed, single-unit vehicle (e.g. passenger automobile, pick-up truck, or SUV) with an unobstructed view and clear line of sight in all directions. A flatbed truck or service vehicle may be used as long as it maintains an unobstructed view and clear line of sight in all directions. No vehicle towing a trailer can be used as an escort vehicle. Escort vehicles must be equipped with flashing or strobe amber lights, visible 360 degrees at 500 feet. The escorts headlights shall be set at low beam at all times. All vehicles supporting the move shall be able to contact each other, including escort vehicles, law enforcement escorts, and the permitted vehicle. A sign shall be mounted on the front and rear of any escort vehicle or above the roofline where it is visible from the front and rear. The sign shall contain the wording OVERSIZE LOAD in black letters on a yellow background. The size of the sign shall be relative to the size of the escort vehicle so that the entire message may be seen completely and clearly. The letters shall be ten (10) inches high with a 1.4 1.5 brush stroke. No other signage is allowed. The banner shall only be attached or visible during the transportation of the permitted load. Escort Requirements after June 1, 2017 Escorts: The non-emergency use of cell phones or other portable electronic devices, other than those designated to support the movement of the specific oversize combination vehicle, except to

communicate hazard-related information, is prohibited. Mobile Home Escort Requirements after June 1, 2017 Overwidth: >12 = 1 Front and 1 Rear Escort Two Lane Highways 1 FRONT Escort IN ADDITION TO the Approved Lighting System on the rear of the Mobile Home. Multiple Lane Highways 1 REAR Escort IN ADDITION TO the Approved Lighting System Overheight: >156 = 1 Front Escort with height pole. Additional escorts may be required for lesser heights depending on the route traveled. Mobile Home Escort Requirements after June 1, 2017 The Approved Lighting System: For mobile homes, the rear escort may be replaced by the following described lighting system: Two flashing or strobe lights, visible for 360 degrees at 500 feet shall be mounted six (6) feet above ground level on the rear corners of the mobile home, in addition to all required ALDOT safety and warning devices. Control of the lighting system shall be inside the tractor cab with a warning device to alert the driver in the event the lights malfunction. If a light malfunctions, the driver is to proceed to the first area where the load can be safely removed from the roadway and parked until the lighting system is repaired.

Mobile Home Escort Requirements after June 1, 2017 Escorts: Mobile home escorts shall be located in the front on two-lane roads and shall move to the rear of mobile home on multi-lane roads, even with the approved lighting system, and shall assume the duties of a rear escort. Requirements Before June 1, 2017 Harmonization Initiative with other States Requirements After June 1, 2017 Oversize loads can move between 30 minutes after sunset and 30 minutes before sunrise

Oversize loads can move during Daylight Hours Only Oversize loads CANNOT move on: Oversize loads are not allowed movement on: 1. New Years Day 2. Independence Day 3. Labor Day

4. Thanksgiving Day 5. Christmas Day 1. New Years Day 2. Memorial Day 3. Independence Day 4. Labor Day

5. Thanksgiving Day 6. Christmas Day www.dot.state.al.us Alabama Oversize/Overweight Permit Office Contact Information and Website PHONE: 800-499-2782 334-834-1092 FAX: 334-832-9084 WEBSITE: HTTP://WWW.DOT.STATE.AL.US/MAWEB/OVERSIZE&OVERWEIGHTPERMITINFORMATION.HTM

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