Paleolithic and Neolithic World History SOL WHI.2a,b,c,d Essential Questions How did physical geography influence the lives of
early humans? What were the characteristics of hunter gatherer societies? How did the beginning of agriculture and the
domestication of animals promote the rise of settled communities? How does archaeology provide knowledge of early human life and its changes? Archaeology Archaeologists study past cultures by
locating and analyzing human remains, settlements, fossils, and artifacts. Artifacts can be tools, weapons, clothing, pottery, and jewelry. By analyzing artifacts archaeologists draw conclusions about the beliefs, values, and activities of our ancestors.
Archaeology Archaeologists have devised many useful techniques. They pick a likely spot to dig and the
deeper they dig, the older the artifacts they find. Archaeologists make detailed maps of every artifact they find. This helps them draw conclusions about how a site changed over time. Archaeologists can also use carbon dating to analyze fossils and artifacts.
Diagram of Igbo Burial Archaeologists diagram of an Igbo burial site in Africa. By analyzing the artifacts in this burial we can make educated hypotheses about how the Igbo
lived, their level of technology, and trade patterns in the area. Archaeology A. B.
C. The following are a few examples of important archaeological sites around the world. Stonehenge - A site in England that began in the Neolithic and ended in the Bronze Age. Aleppo and Jericho - Early cities in the Fertile
Crescent. C. Catal Huyuk - Neolithic settlement in modern day Turkey. Stonehenge Catal Huyuk
Catal Huyuk Catal Huyuk Homo Sapiens Homo Sapiens emerged in East Africa
between 100,000 - 400,000 years ago. Homo Sapiens migrated from Africa to Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas Early humans were hunters and gatherers whose survival depended on the availability of wild plants and animals.
Human Migration Paleolithic Hunter gatherer societies during the Paleolithic A. Were nomadic B. Invented the first tools, including simple C.
D. E. weapons Learned how to make and use fire Lived in clans Developed oral language and created cave art
Glyptodon Hunt During the Paleolithic people hunted many large animals that are now extinct. Paleolithic Tools
Cave Art Neolithic Societies during the Neolithic Age A. Developed agriculture B. Domesticated plants and animals
C. Used advanced tools such as the chisel, hoe, potters wheel, and yoke D. Made pottery E. Developed weaving Neolithic About 11,000 years ago nomadic bands
learned how to farm. By producing their own food they could remain in one place. Farmers settled permanent villages and developed a new range of skills and tools. People also learned to domesticate, or tame, some animals they had once hunted.
They then herded these animals and penned them in enclosures. Neolithic House Neolithic site in Scotland
Neolithic House Reconstruction of Neolithic house in Bosnia Neolithic House Depiction of life in Catal Huyuk, Turkey
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