Illusory Figures Perceptual Constancy Perceptual Constancy The perception of an object or quality as unchanging despite
changes in the proximal stimulus. http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Shape_constancy.gif https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hot_air_balloon__color_constancy.jpg
Perceptual Constancy Top-Down vs Bottom-Up Top-Down Process Knowledge Driven
Requires information beyond the stimulus Bottom-Up Stimulus Driven Relies entirely on the neural response to stimulation
Top-Down vs Bottom-Up Top-Down vs Bottom-Up https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Basketball.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tennis_ball_01.jpg
Visual Neuroscience: What / Where Dorsal Pathway Where
Ventral Pathway What http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ventral-dorsal_streams.svg The Binding Problem
The Binding Problem - How is neural activity from different brain regions combined to give a coherent perceptual experience? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:SimulationNeuralOscillations.png
The Binding Problem: Neural Synchrony http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hermann_von_Helmholtz.jpg Unconscious Inference Unconscious Inference The phenomenon
that occurs when ones statistical knowledge of the environment alters the perception of proximal stimulation, without effort on the part of the perceiver. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Grey_square_optical_illusion.PNG
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ponzo_illusion.gif Unconscious Inference From Wiki The second card from the left seems to be a stronger shade of pink in the top picture. In fact they are the same color,
but the brain changes its assumption about color due to the color cast of the surrounding photo. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color-constancy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ColourIllusion2.jpg
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