Phase I School Emergency Management

Phase I School Emergency Management

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT For SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION CY6 October 10, 2018 CIVIL LIABILITY School emergency management is based on the fundamental principle that it is up to the administrative staff at each school site to know

what to do in an emergency to protect themselves and their charges. School Safety Operations Inc. UPPER LEVEL SUPPORT FOR SCHOOL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT School Safety Operations Inc. 3

IMMEDIATE RESPONDERS School staff members are boots on the ground from the second the incident starts You are your own SWAT Team, Medic Unit, Hostage Negotiating Team, and Rescue Team until Emergency Responders Arrive These are the Manic Minutes we plan and train for School Safety Operations Inc.

4 SAFETY School Safety Operations Inc. MINDSET The mindset of the Immediate Responder must be one of preparedness for any manmade or natural hazard Preparedness leads to feeling safe and

eliminates a panic response We can change mindsets for free School Safety Operations Inc. 6 PHYSIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM Conditions: White: Vulnerable and in denial Yellow: Condition of readiness (dogs, warriors, and

predators live in condition yellow) Red: Skills at their peek, but loss of fine motor skills begins Gray: Loss of vision, auditory, and depth perception Black: Cognitive processing deteriorates and there is an inability to respond *Source: Lt. Col. Dave Grossman, On Combat School Safety Operations Inc. EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION The knowledge programmed into your

brain at the time of the incident response is all that is available to you to base your response decisions on School Safety Operations Inc. 8 PREPAREDNESS Planning and training pre-incident will mitigate stress and overload during the

incident Preparedness will keep you out of condition black Yellow Protects From Black School Safety Operations Inc. MENTAL RESPONSE We Do Not Rise To The Occasion, We Sink To Our Level Of Training

School Safety Operations Inc. 10 TYPES OF TRAINING Be careful how we train, because we might be learning some very bad habits Training should be standardized for the district, vetted, and promulgated from above Fear based training or training that causes

anxiety does not work School Safety Operations Inc. 11 COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS & CODES Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5 (HSPD5) mandates NIMS and ICS training, and adoption of NIMS as the only emergency response plan effective 07/01/2005 School Districts are considered Local Authorities

under the Homeland Security Act of 2002, so they must be in compliance with HSPD5 School Safety Operations Inc. 12 SCHOOL NIMS AND ICS PRINCIPLES The Principle is always the school Incident Commander The Superintendent is always the Emergency Operations Center Director

Area Command and Unified Command must be understood to accept emergency response School Safety Operations Inc. 13 RECOMMENDATIONS FROM SAN BERNARDINO ATTACKS All entities, including schools, should work the principles of the Incident Command System (ICS) into their emergency response plans

The principle of Unified Command is of paramount importance during a multiple agency emergency response to schools School Safety Operations Inc. LESSONS LEARNED If we dont learn from our history, we are doomed to repeat it -George Washington

School Safety Operations Inc. WHAT COULD HAVE MADE A DIFFERENCE ON 12/14/12 Infrastructure target hardening Planning and Training Tactical First Aid for educators Mental Health Programs School Safety Operations Inc. SANDY HOOK REPORT RECOMMENDATIONS Secure single point of entry

Safe rooms or safe havens created to include door security and shatterproof window glazing Visitor monitoring systems Signage to direct visitors TRAINING AND PLANNING PRE-INCIDENT!!! School Safety Operations Inc. WHAT DO WE TRAIN FOR The chance of an Active Assailant coming to your school is .0001%, but we still have to prepare for it

The chance of a domestic disturbance or lockdown at a school is 100% All-Hazards approach to planning and training School Safety Operations Inc. 18 NORTH PARK ELEMENTARY SCHOOL KILLINGS April 11,2017 Domestic violence incident turned into school

killings Husband with restraining order was allowed in the school to visit his wife What can we put in place today to protect us tomorrow? School Safety Operations Inc. EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLANS Presidential Policy Directive 8 (PPD8) set National Preparedness Goals and went into effect July of 2012

The FEMA Guide For High Quality School Emergency Operations Plans was based on PPD8 and went into effect 7/1/2013 All school EOPs need to be in compliance with the FEMA Guide School Safety Operations Inc. 20 FIVE MISSION AREAS PER PPD8 1.

2. 3. 4. 5. Prevention PROTECTION Mitigation Response Recovery

Preparedness is achieved by addressing these 5 Mission Areas School Safety Operations Inc. STANDARDIZED SCHOOL EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLANS ONE DISTRICT-ONE PLAN The basic plan is standardized to address ALL HAZARDS The plan is modified to the specific school All area specific hazards should be addressed

and separate response annexes for Active Assailant, Student/Family Reunification, and Continuity Of Operations Planning (COOP) School Safety Operations Inc. 22 EOP DELIVERY SYSTEM How do we distribute plans? How do we access plans during an incident? How do we communicate during the incident?

How do we do accountability? School Safety Operations Inc. 23 HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENTS PPD8 AND THE FEMA Guide also require schools to do Hazard and Vulnerability Assessments for infrastructure target hardening Identify short and long term projects, and also

use the recommendations to identify funding sources School Safety Operations Inc. 24 SECURE SINGLE POINT OF ENTRY The goal is to identify vulnerabilities and target harden

them before a bad thing happens School Safety Operations Inc. 25 TARGET HARDENING THROUGH TRAINING A basic concept of risk management is you cannot eliminate 100% of all risks If it is predictable, it is preventable

No amount of target hardening can replace the value of emergency response training, so we can react if a bad thing happens School Safety Operations Inc. 26 FIVE SCHOOL RESPONSE ACTIONS 1. 2. 3.

4. Lockdown: direct and imminent threat Lock Out: indirect threat in the area Evacuate: threat posed by staying inside Shelter In Place: HAZMAT, weather, airborne threat, etc. 5. DUCK-COVER-HOLD: Earthquake, or any incident where falling objects might occur School Safety Operations Inc.

27 RESPONSE LOCKDOWN Locks-Lights-Out of Sight A full lockdown should be the first response to an Active Assailant

LOCK OUT Less intrusive form of securing the school Used for an outside threat not directed at the school School Safety Operations Inc. LOCKDOWN ALTERNATIVES

RUN to a safe place HIDE in a safe room until help arrives FIGHT BACK if you choose to, in order to keep from being a victim and to protect your students. YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO PROTECT! School Safety Operations Inc. LOCKDOWN ENHANCEMENTS Door and window security to create safe rooms and secure points of entry

DETER and DELAY an unwanted intruder while waiting for law enforcement to arrive Keep students and staff safely locked down School Safety Operations Inc. ACCOUNTABILITY PLAN Student accountability must be done during each response action and each time students are moved from point A to point B Full accountability falls under priority 2

Basic accountability in a lockdown is making sure no one is left outside (visual check) School Safety Operations Inc. 31 PROACTIVE vs. REACTIVE PLANNING AND TRAINING Violent Behavior Risk Threat Assessment to identify and intervene in violent or at risk student behavior

Anonymous Reporting Tools Suicide prevention, intervention, and postvention planning and training Drug and alcohol education Digital Threat Assessment School Safety Operations Inc. 32 CYBER THREATS Cyber threats fit the definition of crisis and emergency incidents

They WILL affect school operations throughout the district The time to start response is as soon as the threat is discovered School Safety Operations Inc. 33 TACTICAL FIRST AID FOR EDUCATORS Immediate life saving measures geared toward stopping loss of blood and keeping the person

alive during the Manic Minutes spent waiting for paramedics The more remote the school, the more important this is Use of tourniquet, wound packing, etc. will save lives School Safety Operations Inc. D4 PLANNING AND TRAINING DETECT DETER

DELAY DEFEAT School Safety Operations Inc. 35 WHY PLAN AND TRAIN? Three reasons: 1. The government says we have to, HSPD5, PPD 8, the FEMA Guide, state laws, education codes 2. Civil liability for failure to train. School employees

are considered disaster service workers under certain circumstances 3. ITS THE RIGHT THING TO DO FOR THE KIDS!!! School Safety Operations Inc. 36 QUESTIONS AND DISCUSSION Jeff Kaye [email protected] (775) 233-8317 Like Us On Facebook CY6 School Safety Operations Inc. 37

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