Pima County JTED: Summer Curriculum Writing Project GRAPHICS ...

Pima County JTED: Summer Curriculum Writing Project GRAPHICS ...

Sports Medicine Body Image and Eating Disorders Property of CTE Joint Venture Objectives 1. 2. 3.

Define terminology and demonstrate knowledge. Identify contributing factors to body image and assess their own body image. Identify the different eating disorders and the health consequences. Property of CTE Joint Venture Terminology O Body Image- the way you see your body;

may be either negative or positive O Eating Disorders- extreme, harmful eating behaviors that can cause serious illness or even death O Anorexia- an eating disorder in which an irrational fear of weight gain leads people to starve themselves O Bulimia- an eating disorder that involves cycles of overeating and purging, or attempts to rid the body of food Property of CTE Joint Venture Terminology cont. O Binge Eating- an eating disorder in

which people overeat compulsively O Female Athlete Triad- Consists of three conditions; disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction, premature osteoporosis (low bone density) Property of CTE Joint Venture Body Image O Many teens feel insecure about their changing bodies O Changes they my experience are physical

and hormonal O It is common to feel unhappy about their body type, wish they were: taller, shorter, thinner, shapelier, or more muscular O Body images come from: models, athletes and actors, etc. O Fixation on poor body image may lead to a distorted body image. Property of CTE Joint Venture Eating Disorders Causes of eating disorders: OLinked to depression OLow self-esteem

OTroubled personal relationships OSocial and cultural forces OGenetics Property of CTE Joint Venture Anorexia O This disorder affects a persons self-concept and coping abilities O Develop obsessive behaviors related to foods O Avoiding food and meals

O Eating only a few kinds of food in small amounts O Weighing or counting the calories in everything they eat O Exercising excessively O Weighting themselves repeatedly Property of CTE Joint Venture Health Consequences of Anorexia O Malnutrition and starvation may occur O Bones may become very brittle

O Body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure may drop O Organ size may be reduced O Heart problems and sudden cardiac death may occur Property of CTE Joint Venture Bulimia O Regularly goes on binges, eating a huge amount of food in a single sitting O Feels out of control O Often gulps down food too fast to taste it

O After binging, purges, then forces him/herself to vomit or takes laxatives to flush the food out of system O May fast or exercise frantically after a binge Property of CTE Joint Venture Health Consequences of Bulimia O Dehydration O Sore, inflamed throat and swollen glands

O Damaged teeth from stomach acid from vomiting O Damaged stomach, intestines, or kidneys O Irregular heart rhythms O Heart failure O Death Property of CTE Joint Venture Binge Eating O Eating large amounts of food in a short period of time without purging O May feel guilty and disgusted about their

behavior but feel powerless to stop the binge eating O More common in males Property of CTE Joint Venture Health Consequences of Binge Eating O Become overweight or obese O Develop high blood pressure O Develop Type 2 diabetes O Develop cardiovascular disease Property of CTE Joint Venture

Who is a good candidate for the Female Athlete Triad O Being competitive athlete O Playing sports that require you to check your weight often or maintain a certain weight O Not having time to spend with friends because your sport takes up all your free time O Exercising more than is necessary for your sport O Being pushed by your coach or your parents to win all costs

Property of CTE Joint Venture What are the signs and symptoms of being a Female Athlete Triad OWeight loss ORestrictive OAbsent or dieting OBinge eating OInduced

vomiting OExcessive exercise irregular periods OFatigue OStress fractures Property of CTE Joint Venture What are the health consequences of a Female Athlete Triad?

O Stops eating normally and may develop an eating disorder O Menstrual periods may stop or become irregular which may weaken bones O Bones that are thin and weak can increase the risk of fractures and injuries O Can affect growth Property of CTE Joint Venture

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