Poetry - Pearland Independent School District

Poetry - Pearland Independent School District

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Mrs. Haber 7th Grade Reading W H AT I S F I G U R AT I V E L A N G U A G E ? Language layered with

meaning by imagery and figures of speech, as opposed to literal language. FYI Dissimilar means not similar.

SIMILE A comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as The two things being compared must be completely different (unlike). Not every sentence that contains like or as is a simile! Ex: As the girl was humiliated, her cheeks turned red as an apple. Non-Ex: The girl is as tall as her brothers. (The girl and her

brothers are not unlike things; they both describe people). METAPHOR A comparison of two unlike things by saying that one thing is a dissimilar object or thing. Usually contains words such as am, are, is, was, were Ex. Dad is a monster in the morning before he drinks coffee. (Dad and monster are dissimilar and the comparison is

explained) Non-Ex: Dad is a boat. (Dad and a boat are dissimilar, but there is no clear reason for the comparison). HYPERB OLE An exaggeration that cannot possibly be true Tip: Often intended to be funny. If it could happen in real life, then it is not a hyperbole!

Ex: Josies new friend is as skinny as a tooth pick. (No person could be as skinny as a tooth pick). NON Ex: Josies new friend is as skinny as a fashion model (this could be true, so is not a hyperbole). IDIOM A group of words that mean something different than what they seem to say.

Tip: When translated to another language, idioms do not make sense; many have a historical explanation. Ex. When Bill joined the military, dad said he was swimming with the sharks. (There were no sharks; he meant Bill was in danger). NON-Ex: When I fell overboard, I was swimming with the sharks. ALLITERATION

The repetition of the same initial consonant sound in a series of words. Tip: Often used in brand names- Dunkin Donuts, Coca-Cola Ex: Harry hit the house hard with a hammer. Non Ex: Andy hit the nail hard with the hammer. ALLUSION

A reference to a person, place, or event from literature, sports, history, movies, or the arts. Tip: The reader must have prior knowledge of what is being referenced to get the allusion. Ex: Heathers mysterious smile rivaled that of the Mona Lisa. Non- Ex: The Mona Lisa can be viewed in Paris.

ONOMATOPOEIA Words whose sounds suggest their meaning. Tip: Animal noises are often examples (Oink, Moo, Quack, etc.) Ex: The door slowly creaked open and then slammed shut! Non-Ex: Hello! I screamed into the empty house.

PERSONIFICATION Giving human qualities to non-human things. Tip: The human quality must be completely unique to humans Can be an action ( The sun smiled) or an adjective (the angry wind howled). EX: The sun smiled at the world as it rose this morning. (Smiling is unique to humans) NON-EX: The flowers swayed in the breeze. (Flowers and

humans can sway). WHAT WOULD THIS BE? I was just guessing, at numbers and figures Pulling your puzzles apart Questions of science, science and progress Do not speak as loud as my heart

WHAT WOULD THIS BE? As the winter winds Litter London with lonely hearts Oh, the warmth in your eyes Swept me into your arms

WHAT WOULD THIS BE? Help, Im alive My heart keeps beating like a hammer Hard to be soft, tough to be tender WHAT WOULD THIS BE?

I am not your rolling wheels I am the highway I am not your carpet ride I am the sky WHAT WOULD THIS BE? Boom, boom, boom

Even brighter than the Moon, moon, moon WHAT WOULD THIS BE? See I deceive ya with my intergalactic ether I sing just like Aretha, so respect me like Im Caesar

I kick it like Addidas, throwing sticky like adhesive WHAT WOULD THIS BE? Been there, done that, messed around Im having fun, dont put me down Ill never let you sweep my off my feet

This time, baby, Ill be bulletproof WHAT WOULD THIS BE? I know we got it good But they got it made And the grass is getting greener each day

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